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Title: A search for cosmogenic neutrinos with the ARIANNA test bed using 4.5 years of data

Abstract

The primary mission of the ARIANNA ultra-high energy neutrino telescope is to uncover astrophysical sources of neutrinos with energies greater than 1016 eV. A pilot array, consisting of seven ARIANNA stations located on the surface of the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica, was commissioned in November 2014. We report on the search for astrophysical neutrinos using data collected between November 2014 and February 2019. A straight-forward template matching analysis yielded no neutrino candidates, with a signal efficiency of 79%. We find a 90% confidence upper limit on the diffuse neutrino flux of E2Φ=1.7× 10-6 GeV cm-2s-1sr-1 for a decade wide logarithmic bin centered at a neutrino energy of 1018,eV, which is an order of magnitude improvement compared to the previous limit reported by the ARIANNA collaboration. The ARIANNA stations, including purpose built cosmic-ray stations at the Moore's Bay site and demonstrator stations at the South Pole, have operated reliably. Sustained operation at two distinct sites confirms that the flexible and adaptable architecture can be deployed in any deep ice, radio quiet environment. We show that the scientific capabilities, technical innovations, and logistical requirements of ARIANNA are sufficiently well understood to serve as the basis for large area radio-based neutrino telescopemore » with a wide field-of-view.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [5];  [6];  [1];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1];  [4] more »;  [6];  [1];  [10];  [2];  [9];  [4] « less
  1. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States)
  2. Uppsala Univ. (Sweden)
  3. Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States); National Research Nuclear University MEPhI, Moscow (Russia). Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
  4. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany); Friedrich-Alexander-Universitat Erlangen-Nurnberg, Erlangen (Germany). Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics (ECAP)
  5. Whittier Colleg, Whittier, CA (United States)
  6. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  7. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States); Friedrich-Alexander-Universitat Erlangen-Nurnberg, Erlangen (Germany). Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics (ECAP)
  8. Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence, KS (United States)
  9. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan). Leung Center for Cosmology and Particle Astrophysics
  10. Univ. of California, Irvine, CA (United States). Research Cyberinfrastructure Center
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Science Foundation (NSF); German research foundation (DFG); Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology; Swedish Government; Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
OSTI Identifier:
1631636
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; NSF-1607719; GL 914/1-1 (CG); NE 2031/1-1; NE 2031/2-1; 02.a03.21.0005
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2020; Journal Issue: 03; Journal ID: ISSN 1475-7516
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; cosmological neutrinos; neutrino astronomy; neutrino experiments; ultra high energy photons and neutrinos

Citation Formats

Anker, A., Barwick, S. W., Bernhoff, H., Besson, D. Z., Bingefors, N., García-Fernández, D., Gaswint, G., Glaser, C., Hallgren, A., Hanson, J. C., Klein, S. R., Kleinfelder, S. A., Lahmann, R., Latif, U., Nam, J., Novikov, A., Nelles, A., Paul, M. P., Persichilli, C., Plaisier, I., Prakash, T., Shively, S. R., Tatar, J., Unger, E., Wang, S. -H., and Welling, C.. A search for cosmogenic neutrinos with the ARIANNA test bed using 4.5 years of data. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2020/03/053.
Anker, A., Barwick, S. W., Bernhoff, H., Besson, D. Z., Bingefors, N., García-Fernández, D., Gaswint, G., Glaser, C., Hallgren, A., Hanson, J. C., Klein, S. R., Kleinfelder, S. A., Lahmann, R., Latif, U., Nam, J., Novikov, A., Nelles, A., Paul, M. P., Persichilli, C., Plaisier, I., Prakash, T., Shively, S. R., Tatar, J., Unger, E., Wang, S. -H., & Welling, C.. A search for cosmogenic neutrinos with the ARIANNA test bed using 4.5 years of data. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2020/03/053
Anker, A., Barwick, S. W., Bernhoff, H., Besson, D. Z., Bingefors, N., García-Fernández, D., Gaswint, G., Glaser, C., Hallgren, A., Hanson, J. C., Klein, S. R., Kleinfelder, S. A., Lahmann, R., Latif, U., Nam, J., Novikov, A., Nelles, A., Paul, M. P., Persichilli, C., Plaisier, I., Prakash, T., Shively, S. R., Tatar, J., Unger, E., Wang, S. -H., and Welling, C.. Wed . "A search for cosmogenic neutrinos with the ARIANNA test bed using 4.5 years of data". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2020/03/053. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1631636.
@article{osti_1631636,
title = {A search for cosmogenic neutrinos with the ARIANNA test bed using 4.5 years of data},
author = {Anker, A. and Barwick, S. W. and Bernhoff, H. and Besson, D. Z. and Bingefors, N. and García-Fernández, D. and Gaswint, G. and Glaser, C. and Hallgren, A. and Hanson, J. C. and Klein, S. R. and Kleinfelder, S. A. and Lahmann, R. and Latif, U. and Nam, J. and Novikov, A. and Nelles, A. and Paul, M. P. and Persichilli, C. and Plaisier, I. and Prakash, T. and Shively, S. R. and Tatar, J. and Unger, E. and Wang, S. -H. and Welling, C.},
abstractNote = {The primary mission of the ARIANNA ultra-high energy neutrino telescope is to uncover astrophysical sources of neutrinos with energies greater than 1016 eV. A pilot array, consisting of seven ARIANNA stations located on the surface of the Ross Ice Shelf in Antarctica, was commissioned in November 2014. We report on the search for astrophysical neutrinos using data collected between November 2014 and February 2019. A straight-forward template matching analysis yielded no neutrino candidates, with a signal efficiency of 79%. We find a 90% confidence upper limit on the diffuse neutrino flux of E2Φ=1.7× 10-6 GeV cm-2s-1sr-1 for a decade wide logarithmic bin centered at a neutrino energy of 1018,eV, which is an order of magnitude improvement compared to the previous limit reported by the ARIANNA collaboration. The ARIANNA stations, including purpose built cosmic-ray stations at the Moore's Bay site and demonstrator stations at the South Pole, have operated reliably. Sustained operation at two distinct sites confirms that the flexible and adaptable architecture can be deployed in any deep ice, radio quiet environment. We show that the scientific capabilities, technical innovations, and logistical requirements of ARIANNA are sufficiently well understood to serve as the basis for large area radio-based neutrino telescope with a wide field-of-view.},
doi = {10.1088/1475-7516/2020/03/053},
journal = {Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics},
number = 03,
volume = 2020,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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