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Title: Active analog tuning of the phase of light in the visible regime by bismuth-based metamaterials

Abstract

The active and analog tuning of the phase of light by metamaterials is needed to boost the switching performance of photonic devices. However, demonstrations of this type of tuning in the pivotal visible spectral region are still scarce. Herein, we report the active analog tuning of the phase of visible light reflected by a bismuth (Bi)-based metamaterial, enabled by a reversible solid-liquid transition. This metamaterial, fabricated by following a lithography-free approach, consists of twodimensional assemblies of polydisperse plasmonic Bi nanostructures embedded in a refractory and transparent aluminum oxide matrix. The analog tuning of the phase is achieved by the controlled heating of the metamaterial to melt a fraction of the nanostructures. A maximum tuning of 320° (1.8 π) is observed upon the complete melting of the nanostructures at 230°C. This tuning is reversible by cooling to 25°C. In addition, it presents a wide hysteretic character due to liquid Bi undercooling. This enables the phase achieved by this analog approach to remain stable over a broad temperature range upon cooling and until resolidification occurs around 100°C. Therefore, Bi-based metamaterials are endowed with analog optical memory capabilities, which are appealing for a wide range of applications, including optical data storage with enhancedmore » information density or bistable photonic switching with a tunable “on” state.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [1]
  1. Instituto de Óptica, Madrid (Spain). Laser Processing Group
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division; Northwestern Univ., Evanston, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1631585
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nanophotonics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nanophotonics (Online); Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2192-8614
Publisher:
de Gruyter
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; bismuth; metamaterial; phase; phase change material; visible

Citation Formats

Garcia-Pardo, Marina, Nieto-Pinero, Eva, Petford-Long, Amanda K., Serna, Rosalia, and Toudert, Johann. Active analog tuning of the phase of light in the visible regime by bismuth-based metamaterials. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1515/nanoph-2019-0502.
Garcia-Pardo, Marina, Nieto-Pinero, Eva, Petford-Long, Amanda K., Serna, Rosalia, & Toudert, Johann. Active analog tuning of the phase of light in the visible regime by bismuth-based metamaterials. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2019-0502
Garcia-Pardo, Marina, Nieto-Pinero, Eva, Petford-Long, Amanda K., Serna, Rosalia, and Toudert, Johann. Fri . "Active analog tuning of the phase of light in the visible regime by bismuth-based metamaterials". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2019-0502. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1631585.
@article{osti_1631585,
title = {Active analog tuning of the phase of light in the visible regime by bismuth-based metamaterials},
author = {Garcia-Pardo, Marina and Nieto-Pinero, Eva and Petford-Long, Amanda K. and Serna, Rosalia and Toudert, Johann},
abstractNote = {The active and analog tuning of the phase of light by metamaterials is needed to boost the switching performance of photonic devices. However, demonstrations of this type of tuning in the pivotal visible spectral region are still scarce. Herein, we report the active analog tuning of the phase of visible light reflected by a bismuth (Bi)-based metamaterial, enabled by a reversible solid-liquid transition. This metamaterial, fabricated by following a lithography-free approach, consists of twodimensional assemblies of polydisperse plasmonic Bi nanostructures embedded in a refractory and transparent aluminum oxide matrix. The analog tuning of the phase is achieved by the controlled heating of the metamaterial to melt a fraction of the nanostructures. A maximum tuning of 320° (1.8 π) is observed upon the complete melting of the nanostructures at 230°C. This tuning is reversible by cooling to 25°C. In addition, it presents a wide hysteretic character due to liquid Bi undercooling. This enables the phase achieved by this analog approach to remain stable over a broad temperature range upon cooling and until resolidification occurs around 100°C. Therefore, Bi-based metamaterials are endowed with analog optical memory capabilities, which are appealing for a wide range of applications, including optical data storage with enhanced information density or bistable photonic switching with a tunable “on” state.},
doi = {10.1515/nanoph-2019-0502},
journal = {Nanophotonics (Online)},
number = 4,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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