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Title: A Channel Network Model for Sediment Dynamics Over Watershed Management Time Scales

Abstract

A mountain watershed network model is presented for use in decadal to centurial estimation of source-to-sink sediment dynamics. The model requires limited input parameters and can be effectively applied over spatial scales relevant to management of reservoirs, lakes, streams, and watersheds (1–100 km2). The model operates over a connected stream network of Strahler-ordered segments. The model is driven by streamflow from a physically based hydrology model and hillslope sediment supply from a stochastic mass wasting algorithm. For each daily time step, segment-scale sediment mass balance is computed using bedload and suspended load transport equations. Sediment transport is partitioned between grain size fractions for bedload as gravel and sand, and for suspended load as sand and mud. Bedload and suspended load can deposit and re-entrain at each segment. We demonstrated the model in the Elwha River Basin, upstream of the former Glines Canyon dam, over the dam's historic 84-year lifespan. The model predicted the lifetime reservoir sedimentation volume within the uncertainty range of the measured volume (13.7–18.5 million m3) for 25 of 28 model instances. Gravel, sand, and mud fraction volumes were predicted within measurement uncertainty ranges for 18 model instances. The network model improved the prediction of sediment yields compared tomore » at-a-station sediment transport capacity relations. The network model also provided spatially and temporally distributed information that allowed for inquiry and understanding of the physical system beyond the sediment yields at the outlet. This work advances cross-disciplinary and application-oriented watershed sediment yield modeling approaches.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of Washington Seattle WA USA
  2. Department of GeologyWestern Washington University Bellingham WA USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Hydro Research Foundation, Evergreen, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Water Power Technologies Office; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1631202
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1630748; OSTI ID: 1631205
Report Number(s):
DOE-HRF-6506
Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0006506; DGE‐1762114
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems Journal Volume: 12 Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 1942-2466
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
13 HYDRO ENERGY; watershed network model; bedload transport; suspended load transport

Citation Formats

Beveridge, Claire, Istanbulluoglu, Erkan, Bandaragoda, Christina, and Pfeiffer, Allison M. A Channel Network Model for Sediment Dynamics Over Watershed Management Time Scales. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1029/2019MS001852.
Beveridge, Claire, Istanbulluoglu, Erkan, Bandaragoda, Christina, & Pfeiffer, Allison M. A Channel Network Model for Sediment Dynamics Over Watershed Management Time Scales. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1029/2019MS001852
Beveridge, Claire, Istanbulluoglu, Erkan, Bandaragoda, Christina, and Pfeiffer, Allison M. Fri . "A Channel Network Model for Sediment Dynamics Over Watershed Management Time Scales". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1029/2019MS001852.
@article{osti_1631202,
title = {A Channel Network Model for Sediment Dynamics Over Watershed Management Time Scales},
author = {Beveridge, Claire and Istanbulluoglu, Erkan and Bandaragoda, Christina and Pfeiffer, Allison M.},
abstractNote = {A mountain watershed network model is presented for use in decadal to centurial estimation of source-to-sink sediment dynamics. The model requires limited input parameters and can be effectively applied over spatial scales relevant to management of reservoirs, lakes, streams, and watersheds (1–100 km2). The model operates over a connected stream network of Strahler-ordered segments. The model is driven by streamflow from a physically based hydrology model and hillslope sediment supply from a stochastic mass wasting algorithm. For each daily time step, segment-scale sediment mass balance is computed using bedload and suspended load transport equations. Sediment transport is partitioned between grain size fractions for bedload as gravel and sand, and for suspended load as sand and mud. Bedload and suspended load can deposit and re-entrain at each segment. We demonstrated the model in the Elwha River Basin, upstream of the former Glines Canyon dam, over the dam's historic 84-year lifespan. The model predicted the lifetime reservoir sedimentation volume within the uncertainty range of the measured volume (13.7–18.5 million m3) for 25 of 28 model instances. Gravel, sand, and mud fraction volumes were predicted within measurement uncertainty ranges for 18 model instances. The network model improved the prediction of sediment yields compared to at-a-station sediment transport capacity relations. The network model also provided spatially and temporally distributed information that allowed for inquiry and understanding of the physical system beyond the sediment yields at the outlet. This work advances cross-disciplinary and application-oriented watershed sediment yield modeling approaches.},
doi = {10.1029/2019MS001852},
journal = {Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems},
number = 6,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1029/2019MS001852

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