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Title: Analysis of Electric and Magnetic Lightning-Generated Wave Amplitudes Measured by the Van Allen Probes

Abstract

Herein we provide a statistical analysis of both electric and magnetic field wave amplitudes of very low frequency lightning-generated waves (LGWs) based on the equivalent of 11.5 years of observations made by the Van Allen Probes encompassing ~24.6 × 106 survey mode measurements. We complement this analysis with data from the ground-based World Wide Lightning Location Network to explore differences between satellite and ground-based measurements. LGW mean amplitudes are found to be low compared with other whistler mode waves (1 ± 1.6 pT and 19 ± 59 μV/m). Extreme events (1/5,000) can reach 100 pT and contributes strongly to the mean power below $L$ = 2. We find excellent correlations between World Wide Lightning Location Network-based power and wave amplitudes in space at various longitudes. We reveal strong dayside ionospheric damping of the LGW electric field. LGW amplitudes drop for $L$ < 2, contrary to the Earth's intense equatorial lightning activity. We conclude that it is difficult for equatorial LGW to propagate and remain at $L$ < 2.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. CEA, DAM, DIF, Arpajon (France)
  2. Univ. of Colorado, Boulder, CO (United States)
  3. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  4. Univ. of Iowa, Iowa City, IA (United States)
  5. Univ. of Minnesota, Twin Cities, MN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Programs (DP); USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; National Aeronautic and Space Administration (NASA)
OSTI Identifier:
1630870
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-31568
Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001; NAS5‐01072; 80NSSC18K1034
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Geophysical Research Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 47; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0094-8276
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Heliospheric and magnetospheric physics; Lightning-generated waves; Electric wave power; Magnetic wave power; WWLLN database; Radiation belts

Citation Formats

Ripoll, J.‐F., Farges, T., Malaspina, David M., Lay, Erin Hoffman, Cunningham, Gregory Scott, Hospodarsky, G. B., Kletzing, C. A., and Wygant, J. R. Analysis of Electric and Magnetic Lightning-Generated Wave Amplitudes Measured by the Van Allen Probes. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1029/2020GL087503.
Ripoll, J.‐F., Farges, T., Malaspina, David M., Lay, Erin Hoffman, Cunningham, Gregory Scott, Hospodarsky, G. B., Kletzing, C. A., & Wygant, J. R. Analysis of Electric and Magnetic Lightning-Generated Wave Amplitudes Measured by the Van Allen Probes. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL087503
Ripoll, J.‐F., Farges, T., Malaspina, David M., Lay, Erin Hoffman, Cunningham, Gregory Scott, Hospodarsky, G. B., Kletzing, C. A., and Wygant, J. R. Fri . "Analysis of Electric and Magnetic Lightning-Generated Wave Amplitudes Measured by the Van Allen Probes". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL087503. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1630870.
@article{osti_1630870,
title = {Analysis of Electric and Magnetic Lightning-Generated Wave Amplitudes Measured by the Van Allen Probes},
author = {Ripoll, J.‐F. and Farges, T. and Malaspina, David M. and Lay, Erin Hoffman and Cunningham, Gregory Scott and Hospodarsky, G. B. and Kletzing, C. A. and Wygant, J. R.},
abstractNote = {Herein we provide a statistical analysis of both electric and magnetic field wave amplitudes of very low frequency lightning-generated waves (LGWs) based on the equivalent of 11.5 years of observations made by the Van Allen Probes encompassing ~24.6 × 106 survey mode measurements. We complement this analysis with data from the ground-based World Wide Lightning Location Network to explore differences between satellite and ground-based measurements. LGW mean amplitudes are found to be low compared with other whistler mode waves (1 ± 1.6 pT and 19 ± 59 μV/m). Extreme events (1/5,000) can reach 100 pT and contributes strongly to the mean power below $L$ = 2. We find excellent correlations between World Wide Lightning Location Network-based power and wave amplitudes in space at various longitudes. We reveal strong dayside ionospheric damping of the LGW electric field. LGW amplitudes drop for $L$ < 2, contrary to the Earth's intense equatorial lightning activity. We conclude that it is difficult for equatorial LGW to propagate and remain at $L$ < 2.},
doi = {10.1029/2020GL087503},
journal = {Geophysical Research Letters},
number = 6,
volume = 47,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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