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Title: Polysulfone shock compressed above the decomposition threshold: Velocimetry and modeling of two-wave structures

Abstract

Polysulfone was shock loaded to pressures of 14.6–26.2 GPa in a series of gas gun-driven plate-impact experiments measuring material response with embedded electro-magnetic particle velocity gauges and optical velocimetry. The embedded electro-magnetic particle velocity gauges did not show a distinct two-wave structure but did show rounding that suggested a reaction but not a distinct separation of the reactants and product waves. In contrast, the transmission experiments fielded with optical velocimetry, with product pressures ranging from 21.0 to 26.2 GPa, showed well-defined two-wave structures due to shock-driven chemical decomposition of the polymer to products at a higher density. Distinct two-wave structures have not previously been published in literature during polymer compression; here, we observed these two-wave structures at both the polymer/lithium fluoride and polymer/polymethylmethacrylate interfaces. Hydrodynamic simulations of the experiments were performed using a newly constructed SESAME equation of state (EOS) for the polymer, a thermochemical EOS for the decomposition products, and an Arrhenius reaction rate model for the kinetics of the reaction. Finally, simulation results also demonstrated two-wave structures but were unable to quantitatively reproduce either the embedded gauge or optical velocimetry data.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1630852
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-25132
Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Grant/Contract Number:  
89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 127; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; polysulfone; two-wave structure; shock compression

Citation Formats

Huber, Rachel Colleen, Peterson, Jeffrey Hammett, Coe, Joshua Damon, Dattelbaum, Dana Mcgraw, Gibson, Lloyd Lee, Gustavsen, Richard L., Lang, J. M., and Sheffield, Stephen A. Polysulfone shock compressed above the decomposition threshold: Velocimetry and modeling of two-wave structures. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5124252.
Huber, Rachel Colleen, Peterson, Jeffrey Hammett, Coe, Joshua Damon, Dattelbaum, Dana Mcgraw, Gibson, Lloyd Lee, Gustavsen, Richard L., Lang, J. M., & Sheffield, Stephen A. Polysulfone shock compressed above the decomposition threshold: Velocimetry and modeling of two-wave structures. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5124252
Huber, Rachel Colleen, Peterson, Jeffrey Hammett, Coe, Joshua Damon, Dattelbaum, Dana Mcgraw, Gibson, Lloyd Lee, Gustavsen, Richard L., Lang, J. M., and Sheffield, Stephen A. Wed . "Polysulfone shock compressed above the decomposition threshold: Velocimetry and modeling of two-wave structures". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5124252. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1630852.
@article{osti_1630852,
title = {Polysulfone shock compressed above the decomposition threshold: Velocimetry and modeling of two-wave structures},
author = {Huber, Rachel Colleen and Peterson, Jeffrey Hammett and Coe, Joshua Damon and Dattelbaum, Dana Mcgraw and Gibson, Lloyd Lee and Gustavsen, Richard L. and Lang, J. M. and Sheffield, Stephen A.},
abstractNote = {Polysulfone was shock loaded to pressures of 14.6–26.2 GPa in a series of gas gun-driven plate-impact experiments measuring material response with embedded electro-magnetic particle velocity gauges and optical velocimetry. The embedded electro-magnetic particle velocity gauges did not show a distinct two-wave structure but did show rounding that suggested a reaction but not a distinct separation of the reactants and product waves. In contrast, the transmission experiments fielded with optical velocimetry, with product pressures ranging from 21.0 to 26.2 GPa, showed well-defined two-wave structures due to shock-driven chemical decomposition of the polymer to products at a higher density. Distinct two-wave structures have not previously been published in literature during polymer compression; here, we observed these two-wave structures at both the polymer/lithium fluoride and polymer/polymethylmethacrylate interfaces. Hydrodynamic simulations of the experiments were performed using a newly constructed SESAME equation of state (EOS) for the polymer, a thermochemical EOS for the decomposition products, and an Arrhenius reaction rate model for the kinetics of the reaction. Finally, simulation results also demonstrated two-wave structures but were unable to quantitatively reproduce either the embedded gauge or optical velocimetry data.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5124252},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 10,
volume = 127,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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