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Title: Identification and characterization of the dominant thermal resistance in lithium-ion batteries using operando 3-omega sensors

Abstract

Poor thermal transport within lithium-ion batteries fundamentally limits their performance, safety, and lifetime, in spite of external thermal management systems. All prior efforts to understand the origin of batteries' mysteriously high thermal resistance have been confined to ex situ measurements without understanding the impact of battery operation. Here, we develop a frequency-domain technique that employs sensors capable of measuring spatially resolved intrinsic thermal transport properties within a live battery while it is undergoing cycling. Our results reveal that the poor battery thermal transport is due to high thermal contact resistance between the separator and both electrode layers and worsens as a result of formation cycling, degrading total battery thermal transport by up to 70%. We develop a thermal model of these contact resistances to explain their origin. These contacts account for up to 65% of the total thermal resistance inside the battery, leading to far-reaching consequences for the thermal design of batteries. Finally, our technique unlocks new thermal measurement capabilities for future battery research.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Transportation Office. Vehicle Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1630618
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1603808
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Applied Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 127; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-8979
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Lubner, Sean D., Kaur, Sumanjeet, Fu, Yanbao, Battaglia, Vince, and Prasher, Ravi S. Identification and characterization of the dominant thermal resistance in lithium-ion batteries using operando 3-omega sensors. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5134459.
Lubner, Sean D., Kaur, Sumanjeet, Fu, Yanbao, Battaglia, Vince, & Prasher, Ravi S. Identification and characterization of the dominant thermal resistance in lithium-ion batteries using operando 3-omega sensors. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5134459
Lubner, Sean D., Kaur, Sumanjeet, Fu, Yanbao, Battaglia, Vince, and Prasher, Ravi S. Tue . "Identification and characterization of the dominant thermal resistance in lithium-ion batteries using operando 3-omega sensors". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5134459. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1630618.
@article{osti_1630618,
title = {Identification and characterization of the dominant thermal resistance in lithium-ion batteries using operando 3-omega sensors},
author = {Lubner, Sean D. and Kaur, Sumanjeet and Fu, Yanbao and Battaglia, Vince and Prasher, Ravi S.},
abstractNote = {Poor thermal transport within lithium-ion batteries fundamentally limits their performance, safety, and lifetime, in spite of external thermal management systems. All prior efforts to understand the origin of batteries' mysteriously high thermal resistance have been confined to ex situ measurements without understanding the impact of battery operation. Here, we develop a frequency-domain technique that employs sensors capable of measuring spatially resolved intrinsic thermal transport properties within a live battery while it is undergoing cycling. Our results reveal that the poor battery thermal transport is due to high thermal contact resistance between the separator and both electrode layers and worsens as a result of formation cycling, degrading total battery thermal transport by up to 70%. We develop a thermal model of these contact resistances to explain their origin. These contacts account for up to 65% of the total thermal resistance inside the battery, leading to far-reaching consequences for the thermal design of batteries. Finally, our technique unlocks new thermal measurement capabilities for future battery research.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5134459},
journal = {Journal of Applied Physics},
number = 10,
volume = 127,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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