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Title: Detecting Light Dark Matter with Magnons

Abstract

Scattering of light dark matter with sub-eV energy deposition can be detected with collective excitations in condensed matter systems. When dark matter has spin-independent couplings to atoms or ions, it has been shown to efficiently excite phonons. Here we show that, if dark matter couples to the electron spin, magnon excitations in materials with magnetic dipole order offer a promising detection path. We derive general formulae for single magnon excitation rates from dark matter scattering, and demonstrate as a proof of principle the projected reach of a yttrium iron garnet target for several dark matter models with spin-dependent interactions. This highlights the complementarity of various collective excitations in probing different dark matter interactions.

Authors:
ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); National Science Foundation (NSF); Quantum Information Science Enabled Discovery (QuantISED) for High Energy Physics
OSTI Identifier:
1630247
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1760239
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; PHY-1638509; KA2401032
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 124 Journal Issue: 20; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Trickle, Tanner, Zhang, Zhengkang, and Zurek, Kathryn M. Detecting Light Dark Matter with Magnons. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.201801.
Trickle, Tanner, Zhang, Zhengkang, & Zurek, Kathryn M. Detecting Light Dark Matter with Magnons. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.201801
Trickle, Tanner, Zhang, Zhengkang, and Zurek, Kathryn M. Wed . "Detecting Light Dark Matter with Magnons". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.201801.
@article{osti_1630247,
title = {Detecting Light Dark Matter with Magnons},
author = {Trickle, Tanner and Zhang, Zhengkang and Zurek, Kathryn M.},
abstractNote = {Scattering of light dark matter with sub-eV energy deposition can be detected with collective excitations in condensed matter systems. When dark matter has spin-independent couplings to atoms or ions, it has been shown to efficiently excite phonons. Here we show that, if dark matter couples to the electron spin, magnon excitations in materials with magnetic dipole order offer a promising detection path. We derive general formulae for single magnon excitation rates from dark matter scattering, and demonstrate as a proof of principle the projected reach of a yttrium iron garnet target for several dark matter models with spin-dependent interactions. This highlights the complementarity of various collective excitations in probing different dark matter interactions.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.201801},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 20,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.201801

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Cited by: 2 works
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