skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Quantum electronics and optics at the interface of solid neon and superfluid helium

Abstract

Here, we predict a new quantum electronic structure at the interface between two condensed phases of noble-gas elements: solid neon and superfluid helium. An excess electron injected onto this interface self-confines its wavefunction into a nanometric dome structure. Its size varies with pressure and optical transitions cover a broad mid-infrared spectrum. A collection of such electrons can form a classical Wigner crystal resembling a quantum-dot array on a triangular lattice. Under ultrafast laser illumination, this Wigner crystal can exhibit the quantum optical phenomenon of superradiance in the picosecond time scale. The ultralong spin-coherence time and micron-scale deterministic configurability allow the electrons in this system to serve as quantum information carriers. Their spin states can be controlled and readout by on-chip single-electron devices.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Center for Nanoscale Materials
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1630074
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Quantum Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-9565
Publisher:
IOPscience
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; Wigner crystal; quantum confinement; quantum memory; solid neon; spin coherence; superfluid helium; superradiance

Citation Formats

Jin, Dafei. Quantum electronics and optics at the interface of solid neon and superfluid helium. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1088/2058-9565/ab8695.
Jin, Dafei. Quantum electronics and optics at the interface of solid neon and superfluid helium. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/2058-9565/ab8695
Jin, Dafei. Tue . "Quantum electronics and optics at the interface of solid neon and superfluid helium". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1088/2058-9565/ab8695. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1630074.
@article{osti_1630074,
title = {Quantum electronics and optics at the interface of solid neon and superfluid helium},
author = {Jin, Dafei},
abstractNote = {Here, we predict a new quantum electronic structure at the interface between two condensed phases of noble-gas elements: solid neon and superfluid helium. An excess electron injected onto this interface self-confines its wavefunction into a nanometric dome structure. Its size varies with pressure and optical transitions cover a broad mid-infrared spectrum. A collection of such electrons can form a classical Wigner crystal resembling a quantum-dot array on a triangular lattice. Under ultrafast laser illumination, this Wigner crystal can exhibit the quantum optical phenomenon of superradiance in the picosecond time scale. The ultralong spin-coherence time and micron-scale deterministic configurability allow the electrons in this system to serve as quantum information carriers. Their spin states can be controlled and readout by on-chip single-electron devices.},
doi = {10.1088/2058-9565/ab8695},
journal = {Quantum Science and Technology},
number = 3,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A new two-dimensional electron system on the surface of solid neon
journal, July 1984


Infrared-absorption spectrum of the electron bubble in liquid helium
journal, February 1992


Measurements of Large-Angle Single Collisions between Helium, Neon, and Argon Atoms at Energies to 100 kev
journal, August 1957


Surface properties of liquid 3 He and 4 He: A density-functional approach
journal, December 1987


Vortex nucleation induced phonon radiation from a moving electron bubble in superfluid H 4 e
journal, September 2010


Observation of Bulk and Edge Magnetoplasmons in a Two-Dimensional Electron Fluid
journal, April 1985


Liquid Helium as a Barrier to Electrons
journal, March 1964


Multielectron Bubbles in Liquid Helium
journal, March 1987


Counting Individual Trapped Electrons on Liquid Helium
journal, April 2005

  • Papageorgiou, G.; Glasson, P.; Harrabi, K.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 86, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1900301

Stability of multielectron bubbles in liquid helium
journal, July 2008


Single-shot readout of an electron spin in silicon
journal, September 2010

  • Morello, Andrea; Pla, Jarryd J.; Zwanenburg, Floris A.
  • Nature, Vol. 467, Issue 7316
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature09392

Signal and charge transfer efficiency of few electrons clocked on microscopic superfluid helium channels
journal, February 2008

  • Sabouret, G.; Bradbury, F. R.; Shankar, S.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 92, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2884693

Spin-based quantum computing using electrons on liquid helium
journal, November 2006


Ultrafast fluorescent decay induced by metal-mediated dipole–dipole interaction in two-dimensional molecular aggregates
journal, September 2017

  • Hu, Qing; Jin, Dafei; Xiao, Jun
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1703000114

Quantum Control over Single Spins in Diamond
journal, April 2013


Electrons on Solid Hydrogen and Solid neon Surfaces
journal, June 2001


Measurements of Lattice Constant, Thermal Expansion, and Isothermal Compressibility of Neon Single Crystals
journal, October 1967


Suppressing Spin Qubit Dephasing by Nuclear State Preparation
journal, August 2008


Single-Pulse Superfluorescence in Cesium
journal, August 1977


Coherence in Spontaneous Radiation Processes
journal, January 1954


Quantum Computing with Electrons Floating on Liquid Helium
journal, June 1999


Mobility of charges in liquid, solid, and dense gaseous helium
journal, March 1977


Proposal for Manipulating and Detecting Spin and Orbital States of Trapped Electrons on Helium Using Cavity Quantum Electrodynamics
journal, July 2010


Measurement of the lifetime of excited-state electron bubbles in superfluid helium
journal, August 2005


Superradiance
journal, May 1971


Electron Cavity Formation in Solid Helium
journal, April 1969


Coupling an Ensemble of Electrons on Superfluid Helium to a Superconducting Circuit
journal, March 2016


Atomic and molecular defects in solid 4He
journal, November 2008


Stability of Electrons on Thin Helium Film-Solid Neon System –Surface Electrons and Bubble Electrons–
journal, February 1983

  • Kajita, Koji
  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 52, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1143/jpsj.52.372

The van der Waals potentials between all the rare gas atoms from He to Rn
journal, March 2003

  • Tang, K. T.; Toennies, J. P.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1543944

Evidence for a Liquid-to-Crystal Phase Transition in a Classical, Two-Dimensional Sheet of Electrons
journal, March 1979


The nitrogen-vacancy colour centre in diamond
journal, July 2013


Excited electron-bubble states in superfluid 4 He: A time-dependent density functional approach
journal, January 2011

  • Mateo, David; Jin, Dafei; Barranco, Manuel
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 134, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3544216

A single-atom electron spin qubit in silicon
journal, September 2012

  • Pla, Jarryd J.; Tan, Kuan Y.; Dehollain, Juan P.
  • Nature, Vol. 489, Issue 7417
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11449

Wigner Crystallization of Two Dimensional Electrons Formed on the Surface of Solid Neon
journal, November 1985

  • Kajita, Koji
  • Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 54, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1143/jpsj.54.4092

Electrons in Superfluid Helium-4
journal, August 2009


Quantum computing with defects
journal, April 2010

  • Weber, J. R.; Koehl, W. F.; Varley, J. B.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 107, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1003052107

Discussion of the surface tension of liquid helium
journal, October 1970


Superradiance of quantum dots
journal, January 2007

  • Scheibner, Michael; Schmidt, Thomas; Worschech, Lukas
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 3, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys494

Cooperative radiation processes in two-level systems: Superfluorescence
journal, May 1975


The Observed Properties of Liquid Helium at the Saturated Vapor Pressure
journal, November 1998

  • Donnelly, Russell J.; Barenghi, Carlo F.
  • Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 27, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.556028

Structural and dynamical properties of superfluid helium: A density-functional approach
journal, July 1995


Capture of an impurity by a vortex line in a Bose condensate
journal, December 2000


Dicke superradiance in solids [Invited]
journal, January 2016

  • Cong, Kankan; Zhang, Qi; Wang, Yongrui
  • Journal of the Optical Society of America B, Vol. 33, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1364/josab.33.000c80

Introduction to quantum turbulence
journal, March 2014

  • Barenghi, C. F.; Skrbek, L.; Sreenivasan, K. R.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue Supplement_1
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1400033111

Stability of Electronic Bubbles in Liquid Neon and Hydrogen
journal, August 1969


Atomic Distribution in Liquid and Solid Neon and Solid Argon by Neutron Diffraction
journal, September 1958


Electron bubbles in liquid helium: Density functional calculations of infrared absorption spectra
journal, February 2006


Ground state potential energy curves for He2, Ne2, Ar2, He–Ne, He–Ar, and Ne–Ar: A coupled-cluster study
journal, December 1999

  • Cybulski, Sławomir M.; Toczyłowski, Rafał R.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 111, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.480430

Image-Potential-Induced Surface Bands in Insulators
journal, November 1969


Emission of Radiation from a System of Many Excited Atoms
journal, December 1968


Stability Criterion for the Localization of an Excess Electron in a Nonpolar Fluid
journal, March 1968

  • Springett, B. E.; Jortner, Joshua; Cohen, Morrel H.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 48, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1669506

Addition spectra of Wigner islands of electrons on superfluid helium
journal, January 2009


Observation of a Magnetically Induced Wigner Solid
journal, June 1988


Coupling a single electron on superfluid helium to a superconducting resonator
journal, November 2019


Driven coherent oscillations of a single electron spin in a quantum dot
journal, August 2006

  • Koppens, F. H. L.; Buizert, C.; Tielrooij, K. J.
  • Nature, Vol. 442, Issue 7104
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature05065

Experimental evidence for electronic bubble states in liquid Ne
journal, May 1972


Observation of a Pinning Mode in a Wigner Solid with ν = 1 / 3 Fractional Quantum Hall Excitations
journal, September 2010