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Title: Hardening and Strain Localisation in Helium-Ion-Implanted Tungsten

Abstract

Tungsten is the main candidate material for plasma-facing armour components in future fusion reactors. In-service, fusion neutron irradiation creates lattice defects through collision cascades. Helium, injected from plasma, aggravates damage by increasing defect retention. Both can be mimicked using helium-ion-implantation. In a recent study on 3000 appm helium-implanted tungsten (W-3000He), we hypothesized helium-induced irradiation hardening, followed by softening during deformation. The hypothesis was founded on observations of large increase in hardness, substantial pile-up and slip-step formation around nano-indents and Laue diffraction measurements of localised deformation underlying indents. Here we test this hypothesis by implementing it in a crystal plasticity finite element (CPFE) formulation, simulating nano-indentation in W-3000He at 300 K. The model considers thermally-activated dislocation glide through helium-defect obstacles, whose barrier strength is derived as a function of defect concentration and morphology. Only one fitting parameter is used for the simulated helium-implanted tungsten; defect removal rate. The simulation captures the localised large pile-up remarkably well and predicts confined fields of lattice distortions and geometrically necessary dislocation underlying indents which agree quantitatively with previous Laue measurements. Strain localisation is further confirmed through high resolution electron backscatter diffraction and transmission electron microscopy measurements on cross-section lift-outs from centre of nano-indents in W-3000He.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Engineering Science
  2. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Engineering Science
  3. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Engineering Science; Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Materials
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1624512
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
Science & Technology - Other Topics

Citation Formats

Das, Suchandrima, Yu, Hongbing, Tarleton, Edmund, and Hofmann, Felix. Hardening and Strain Localisation in Helium-Ion-Implanted Tungsten. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-54753-3.
Das, Suchandrima, Yu, Hongbing, Tarleton, Edmund, & Hofmann, Felix. Hardening and Strain Localisation in Helium-Ion-Implanted Tungsten. United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-54753-3
Das, Suchandrima, Yu, Hongbing, Tarleton, Edmund, and Hofmann, Felix. Wed . "Hardening and Strain Localisation in Helium-Ion-Implanted Tungsten". United States. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-54753-3. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1624512.
@article{osti_1624512,
title = {Hardening and Strain Localisation in Helium-Ion-Implanted Tungsten},
author = {Das, Suchandrima and Yu, Hongbing and Tarleton, Edmund and Hofmann, Felix},
abstractNote = {Tungsten is the main candidate material for plasma-facing armour components in future fusion reactors. In-service, fusion neutron irradiation creates lattice defects through collision cascades. Helium, injected from plasma, aggravates damage by increasing defect retention. Both can be mimicked using helium-ion-implantation. In a recent study on 3000 appm helium-implanted tungsten (W-3000He), we hypothesized helium-induced irradiation hardening, followed by softening during deformation. The hypothesis was founded on observations of large increase in hardness, substantial pile-up and slip-step formation around nano-indents and Laue diffraction measurements of localised deformation underlying indents. Here we test this hypothesis by implementing it in a crystal plasticity finite element (CPFE) formulation, simulating nano-indentation in W-3000He at 300 K. The model considers thermally-activated dislocation glide through helium-defect obstacles, whose barrier strength is derived as a function of defect concentration and morphology. Only one fitting parameter is used for the simulated helium-implanted tungsten; defect removal rate. The simulation captures the localised large pile-up remarkably well and predicts confined fields of lattice distortions and geometrically necessary dislocation underlying indents which agree quantitatively with previous Laue measurements. Strain localisation is further confirmed through high resolution electron backscatter diffraction and transmission electron microscopy measurements on cross-section lift-outs from centre of nano-indents in W-3000He.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-019-54753-3},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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