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Title: 3D numerical investigation of a free-burning argon arc with metal electrodes using a novel sheath coupling procedure

Abstract

In this study, a novel coupling procedure describing the complicated plasma-electrode interaction process has been developed and applied into the 3D finite volume simulation of a direct current tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding system. This is achieved by making the space charge layer (sheath) incorporated into the computation domain and interact with both bulk plasma and cathode through the effective electrical conductivity. Both chemical and thermal nonequilibrium phenomena as well as the self-induced magnetic fields have been taken into consideration by the model to ensure a realistic numerical description of a non-thermal arc. The applicability of this coupling procedure is further improved by calculating the real electric potential, which is capable of accounting for the effects of the complicated drift and diffusion processes. Numerical results of both 100 and 200A discharge currents are presented, field reversal is obtained at near-anode regions in both cases, which is followed by the negative anode sheath potential drop. The region of the strongest electron overpopulation appears at the intersection of plasma fringes and electrode surface. Finally, numerical results of plasma temperature and voltage show good agreement with experimental measurements.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES)
OSTI Identifier:
1623390
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018230
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Plasma Sources Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1361-6595
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; coupling procedure; plasma sheath; effective electrical conductivity; chemical and thermal non-equilibrium; field reversal

Citation Formats

Liang, P., and Trelles, J. P. 3D numerical investigation of a free-burning argon arc with metal electrodes using a novel sheath coupling procedure. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6595/ab4bb6.
Liang, P., & Trelles, J. P. 3D numerical investigation of a free-burning argon arc with metal electrodes using a novel sheath coupling procedure. United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6595/ab4bb6
Liang, P., and Trelles, J. P. Mon . "3D numerical investigation of a free-burning argon arc with metal electrodes using a novel sheath coupling procedure". United States. https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6595/ab4bb6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1623390.
@article{osti_1623390,
title = {3D numerical investigation of a free-burning argon arc with metal electrodes using a novel sheath coupling procedure},
author = {Liang, P. and Trelles, J. P.},
abstractNote = {In this study, a novel coupling procedure describing the complicated plasma-electrode interaction process has been developed and applied into the 3D finite volume simulation of a direct current tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding system. This is achieved by making the space charge layer (sheath) incorporated into the computation domain and interact with both bulk plasma and cathode through the effective electrical conductivity. Both chemical and thermal nonequilibrium phenomena as well as the self-induced magnetic fields have been taken into consideration by the model to ensure a realistic numerical description of a non-thermal arc. The applicability of this coupling procedure is further improved by calculating the real electric potential, which is capable of accounting for the effects of the complicated drift and diffusion processes. Numerical results of both 100 and 200A discharge currents are presented, field reversal is obtained at near-anode regions in both cases, which is followed by the negative anode sheath potential drop. The region of the strongest electron overpopulation appears at the intersection of plasma fringes and electrode surface. Finally, numerical results of plasma temperature and voltage show good agreement with experimental measurements.},
doi = {10.1088/1361-6595/ab4bb6},
journal = {Plasma Sources Science and Technology},
number = 11,
volume = 28,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {10}
}

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Cited by: 4 works
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Investigation of flow regimes in arc plasma–gas interactions using a two-temperature arc in crossflow model
    journal, February 2020

    • Bhigamudre, V. G.; Trelles, J. P.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 27, Issue 2
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