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Title: Investigation of flow regimes in arc plasma–gas interactions using a two-temperature arc in crossflow model

Abstract

The perpendicular impingement of a gas stream on an electric arc, a configuration known as the arc in crossflow, is of primary relevance in the study of plasma-gas interactions, as well as in industrial applications such as circuit breakers and wire-arc spraying. The flow dynamics in the arc in crossflow are the result of coupled fluid-thermal-electromagnetic phenomena accompanied by large property gradients, which can produce significant deviations from Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (LTE) among electrons and gas species. These characteristics can lead to the establishment of distinct flow regimes depending on the relative values of the controlling parameters of the system, such as inflow velocity, arc current, and inter-electrode spacing. A two-temperature non-LTE (NLTE) model is used to investigate the arc dynamics and the establishment of flow regimes in the arc in crossflow. The plasma flow model is implemented within a nonlinear Variational Multiscale (VMS) numerical discretization approach that is less dissipative, and hence better suited to capture unstable behavior, than traditional VMS methods commonly used in computational fluid dynamics simulations. The Reynolds and the Enthalpy dimensionless numbers, characterizing the relative flow strength and arc strength, respectively, are chosen as the controlling parameters of the system. Simulation results reveal the onsetmore » of dynamic behavior and the establishment of steady, periodic, quasi-periodic, and chaotic or potentially turbulent, regimes, as identified by distinct spatiotemporal fluctuations. The computational findings reveal the role of increasing the relative arc strength on enhancing flow stability by delaying the growth of fluctuating and unstable flow behavior.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1623376
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1598394
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018230; CBET-1552037
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Plasma stability; plasma-gas interaction; atmospheric pressure low-temperature plasma; thermodynamic nonequilibrium

Citation Formats

Bhigamudre, V. G., and Trelles, Juan P. Investigation of flow regimes in arc plasma–gas interactions using a two-temperature arc in crossflow model. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5113772.
Bhigamudre, V. G., & Trelles, Juan P. Investigation of flow regimes in arc plasma–gas interactions using a two-temperature arc in crossflow model. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5113772
Bhigamudre, V. G., and Trelles, Juan P. Fri . "Investigation of flow regimes in arc plasma–gas interactions using a two-temperature arc in crossflow model". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5113772. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1623376.
@article{osti_1623376,
title = {Investigation of flow regimes in arc plasma–gas interactions using a two-temperature arc in crossflow model},
author = {Bhigamudre, V. G. and Trelles, Juan P.},
abstractNote = {The perpendicular impingement of a gas stream on an electric arc, a configuration known as the arc in crossflow, is of primary relevance in the study of plasma-gas interactions, as well as in industrial applications such as circuit breakers and wire-arc spraying. The flow dynamics in the arc in crossflow are the result of coupled fluid-thermal-electromagnetic phenomena accompanied by large property gradients, which can produce significant deviations from Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium (LTE) among electrons and gas species. These characteristics can lead to the establishment of distinct flow regimes depending on the relative values of the controlling parameters of the system, such as inflow velocity, arc current, and inter-electrode spacing. A two-temperature non-LTE (NLTE) model is used to investigate the arc dynamics and the establishment of flow regimes in the arc in crossflow. The plasma flow model is implemented within a nonlinear Variational Multiscale (VMS) numerical discretization approach that is less dissipative, and hence better suited to capture unstable behavior, than traditional VMS methods commonly used in computational fluid dynamics simulations. The Reynolds and the Enthalpy dimensionless numbers, characterizing the relative flow strength and arc strength, respectively, are chosen as the controlling parameters of the system. Simulation results reveal the onset of dynamic behavior and the establishment of steady, periodic, quasi-periodic, and chaotic or potentially turbulent, regimes, as identified by distinct spatiotemporal fluctuations. The computational findings reveal the role of increasing the relative arc strength on enhancing flow stability by delaying the growth of fluctuating and unstable flow behavior.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5113772},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 2,
volume = 27,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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