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Title: Dark matter filtering-out effect during a first-order phase transition

Abstract

If the mass of dark matter is generated from a cosmological phase transition involving the nucleation of bubbles, the corresponding bubble walls can filter out dark matter particles during the phase transition. Only particles with sufficient momentum to overcome their mass inside the bubbles can pass through the walls. As a result, the dark matter number density after the phase transition has a suppression factor exp ($$–M_χ/2\tilde{γ}T$$), where $$M_χ$$ is the dark matter mass, and $$\tilde{γ}$$ and $$\textit{T}$$ are the Lorentz factor and temperature of the incoming fluid in the bubble wall rest frame, respectively. Under certain assumptions, we show that the filtering-out process can naturally provide a large suppression consistent with the observed dark matter density for a wide range of dark matter masses up to the Planck scale. Since the first-order phase transition is the decisive ingredient in our mechanism, a new connection is made between heavy dark matter scenarios and gravitational wave observations.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1619872
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1802039
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010102
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 101 Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Astronomy & Astrophysics; Physics

Citation Formats

Chway, Dongjin, Jung, Tae Hyun, and Shin, Chang Sub. Dark matter filtering-out effect during a first-order phase transition. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.101.095019.
Chway, Dongjin, Jung, Tae Hyun, & Shin, Chang Sub. Dark matter filtering-out effect during a first-order phase transition. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.095019
Chway, Dongjin, Jung, Tae Hyun, and Shin, Chang Sub. Thu . "Dark matter filtering-out effect during a first-order phase transition". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.095019.
@article{osti_1619872,
title = {Dark matter filtering-out effect during a first-order phase transition},
author = {Chway, Dongjin and Jung, Tae Hyun and Shin, Chang Sub},
abstractNote = {If the mass of dark matter is generated from a cosmological phase transition involving the nucleation of bubbles, the corresponding bubble walls can filter out dark matter particles during the phase transition. Only particles with sufficient momentum to overcome their mass inside the bubbles can pass through the walls. As a result, the dark matter number density after the phase transition has a suppression factor exp ($–M_χ/2\tilde{γ}T$), where $M_χ$ is the dark matter mass, and $\tilde{γ}$ and $\textit{T}$ are the Lorentz factor and temperature of the incoming fluid in the bubble wall rest frame, respectively. Under certain assumptions, we show that the filtering-out process can naturally provide a large suppression consistent with the observed dark matter density for a wide range of dark matter masses up to the Planck scale. Since the first-order phase transition is the decisive ingredient in our mechanism, a new connection is made between heavy dark matter scenarios and gravitational wave observations.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.101.095019},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 9,
volume = 101,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.095019

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