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Title: Searching for dark photon dark matter in LIGO O1 data

Abstract

Dark matter exists in our Universe, but its nature remains mysterious. The remarkable sensitivity of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) may be able to solve this mystery. A good dark matter candidate is the ultralight dark photon. Because of its interaction with ordinary matter, it induces displacements on LIGO mirrors that can lead to an observable signal. In a study that bridges gravitational wave science and particle physics, we perform a direct dark matter search using data from LIGO’s first (O1) data run, as opposed to an indirect search for dark matter via its production of gravitational waves. We demonstrate an achieved sensitivity on squared coupling as 4 × 1 0 45 , in a U ( 1 ) B dark photon dark matter mass band around m A 4 × 1 0 13 eV. Substantially improved search sensitivity is expected during the coming years of continued data taking by LIGO and other gravitational wave detectors in a growing global network.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States); Univ. of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
OSTI Identifier:
1619763
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1801959
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0009956; SC0009959
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Communications Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Communications Physics Journal Volume: 2 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2399-3650
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
dark energy and dark matter; general relativity and gravity; phenomenology

Citation Formats

Guo, Huai-Ke, Riles, Keith, Yang, Feng-Wei, and Zhao, Yue. Searching for dark photon dark matter in LIGO O1 data. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42005-019-0255-0.
Guo, Huai-Ke, Riles, Keith, Yang, Feng-Wei, & Zhao, Yue. Searching for dark photon dark matter in LIGO O1 data. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42005-019-0255-0
Guo, Huai-Ke, Riles, Keith, Yang, Feng-Wei, and Zhao, Yue. Tue . "Searching for dark photon dark matter in LIGO O1 data". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42005-019-0255-0.
@article{osti_1619763,
title = {Searching for dark photon dark matter in LIGO O1 data},
author = {Guo, Huai-Ke and Riles, Keith and Yang, Feng-Wei and Zhao, Yue},
abstractNote = {Dark matter exists in our Universe, but its nature remains mysterious. The remarkable sensitivity of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) may be able to solve this mystery. A good dark matter candidate is the ultralight dark photon. Because of its interaction with ordinary matter, it induces displacements on LIGO mirrors that can lead to an observable signal. In a study that bridges gravitational wave science and particle physics, we perform a direct dark matter search using data from LIGO’s first (O1) data run, as opposed to an indirect search for dark matter via its production of gravitational waves. We demonstrate an achieved sensitivity on squared coupling as ∼ 4 × 1 0 − 45 , in a U ( 1 ) B dark photon dark matter mass band around m A ∼ 4 × 1 0 − 13 eV. Substantially improved search sensitivity is expected during the coming years of continued data taking by LIGO and other gravitational wave detectors in a growing global network.},
doi = {10.1038/s42005-019-0255-0},
journal = {Communications Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 2,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1038/s42005-019-0255-0

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
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