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Title: A physically cryptographic warhead verification system using neutron induced nuclear resonances

Abstract

Arms control treaties are necessary to reduce the large stockpiles of the nuclear weapons that constitute one of the biggest dangers to the world. However, an impactful treaty hinges on effective inspection exercises to verify the participants’ compliance to the treaty terms. Such procedures would require verification of the authenticity of a warhead undergoing dismantlement. Previously proposed solutions lacked the combination of isotopic sensitivity and information security. Here we present the experimental feasibility proof of a technique that uses neutron induced nuclear resonances and is sensitive to the combination of isotopics and geometry. The information is physically encrypted to prevent the leakage of sensitive information. Our approach can significantly increase the trustworthiness of future arms control treaties while expanding their scope to include the verified dismantlement of nuclear warheads themselves.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1619721
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1614532; OSTI ID: 1798658
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002534
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature Communications Journal Volume: 10 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; Science & technology - other topics; Characterization and analytical techniques; Experimental nuclear physics

Citation Formats

Engel, Ezra M., and Danagoulian, Areg. A physically cryptographic warhead verification system using neutron induced nuclear resonances. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12386-0.
Engel, Ezra M., & Danagoulian, Areg. A physically cryptographic warhead verification system using neutron induced nuclear resonances. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12386-0
Engel, Ezra M., and Danagoulian, Areg. Mon . "A physically cryptographic warhead verification system using neutron induced nuclear resonances". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12386-0.
@article{osti_1619721,
title = {A physically cryptographic warhead verification system using neutron induced nuclear resonances},
author = {Engel, Ezra M. and Danagoulian, Areg},
abstractNote = {Arms control treaties are necessary to reduce the large stockpiles of the nuclear weapons that constitute one of the biggest dangers to the world. However, an impactful treaty hinges on effective inspection exercises to verify the participants’ compliance to the treaty terms. Such procedures would require verification of the authenticity of a warhead undergoing dismantlement. Previously proposed solutions lacked the combination of isotopic sensitivity and information security. Here we present the experimental feasibility proof of a technique that uses neutron induced nuclear resonances and is sensitive to the combination of isotopics and geometry. The information is physically encrypted to prevent the leakage of sensitive information. Our approach can significantly increase the trustworthiness of future arms control treaties while expanding their scope to include the verified dismantlement of nuclear warheads themselves.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-12386-0},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-12386-0

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Feasibility study of a compact neutron resonance transmission analysis instrument
    journal, January 2020

    • Engel, Ezra M.; Klein, Ethan A.; Danagoulian, Areg
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