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Title: Correlating dynamic strain and photoluminescence of solid-state defects with stroboscopic x-ray diffraction microscopy

Abstract

Control of local lattice perturbations near optically-active defects in quantum materials is a key step to harnessing the potential of solid-state qubits for quantum information science and nanoscale sensing. We report the development of a stroboscopic Scanning X-ray Diffraction Microscopy (s-SXDM) approach for real-space imaging of dynamic strain used in correlation with microscopic photoluminescence measurements. We demonstrate this technique in the emergent quantum material 4H-SiC, which hosts long-lifetime room temperature vacancy spin defects. Using nano-focused X-ray photon pulses synchronized to a surface acoustic wave launcher, we achieve an effective time resolution of ~100 ps at a 25 nm spatial resolution to map micro-radian dynamic lattice curvatures. The acoustically induced lattice distortions near an engineered scattering structure are correlated with enhanced photoluminescence responses of optically-active SiC quantum defects driven by local piezoelectric effects. These results demonstrate a unique route for directly imaging local strain in nanomechanical structures and quantifying dynamic structure-function relationships in quantum materials under realistic operating conditions.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL); US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1619648
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1557252
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature Communications Journal Volume: 10 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Whiteley, S. J., Heremans, F. J., Wolfowicz, G., Awschalom, D. D., and Holt, M. V.. Correlating dynamic strain and photoluminescence of solid-state defects with stroboscopic x-ray diffraction microscopy. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11365-9.
Whiteley, S. J., Heremans, F. J., Wolfowicz, G., Awschalom, D. D., & Holt, M. V.. Correlating dynamic strain and photoluminescence of solid-state defects with stroboscopic x-ray diffraction microscopy. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11365-9
Whiteley, S. J., Heremans, F. J., Wolfowicz, G., Awschalom, D. D., and Holt, M. V.. Mon . "Correlating dynamic strain and photoluminescence of solid-state defects with stroboscopic x-ray diffraction microscopy". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11365-9.
@article{osti_1619648,
title = {Correlating dynamic strain and photoluminescence of solid-state defects with stroboscopic x-ray diffraction microscopy},
author = {Whiteley, S. J. and Heremans, F. J. and Wolfowicz, G. and Awschalom, D. D. and Holt, M. V.},
abstractNote = {Control of local lattice perturbations near optically-active defects in quantum materials is a key step to harnessing the potential of solid-state qubits for quantum information science and nanoscale sensing. We report the development of a stroboscopic Scanning X-ray Diffraction Microscopy (s-SXDM) approach for real-space imaging of dynamic strain used in correlation with microscopic photoluminescence measurements. We demonstrate this technique in the emergent quantum material 4H-SiC, which hosts long-lifetime room temperature vacancy spin defects. Using nano-focused X-ray photon pulses synchronized to a surface acoustic wave launcher, we achieve an effective time resolution of ~100 ps at a 25 nm spatial resolution to map micro-radian dynamic lattice curvatures. The acoustically induced lattice distortions near an engineered scattering structure are correlated with enhanced photoluminescence responses of optically-active SiC quantum defects driven by local piezoelectric effects. These results demonstrate a unique route for directly imaging local strain in nanomechanical structures and quantifying dynamic structure-function relationships in quantum materials under realistic operating conditions.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-019-11365-9},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 10,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-11365-9

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