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Title: A reflection on lithium-ion battery cathode chemistry

Abstract

Abstract Lithium-ion batteries have aided the portable electronics revolution for nearly three decades. They are now enabling vehicle electrification and beginning to enter the utility industry. The emergence and dominance of lithium-ion batteries are due to their higher energy density compared to other rechargeable battery systems, enabled by the design and development of high-energy density electrode materials. Basic science research, involving solid-state chemistry and physics, has been at the center of this endeavor, particularly during the 1970s and 1980s. With the award of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to the development of lithium-ion batteries, it is enlightening to look back at the evolution of the cathode chemistry that made the modern lithium-ion technology feasible. This review article provides a reflection on how fundamental studies have facilitated the discovery, optimization, and rational design of three major categories of oxide cathodes for lithium-ion batteries, and a personal perspective on the future of this important area.

Authors:
ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division
OSTI Identifier:
1619620
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1624263
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0005397; F-1254
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature Communications Journal Volume: 11 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
Science & Technology - Other Topics

Citation Formats

Manthiram, Arumugam. A reflection on lithium-ion battery cathode chemistry. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1038/s41467-020-15355-0.
Manthiram, Arumugam. A reflection on lithium-ion battery cathode chemistry. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-15355-0
Manthiram, Arumugam. Wed . "A reflection on lithium-ion battery cathode chemistry". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-15355-0.
@article{osti_1619620,
title = {A reflection on lithium-ion battery cathode chemistry},
author = {Manthiram, Arumugam},
abstractNote = {Abstract Lithium-ion batteries have aided the portable electronics revolution for nearly three decades. They are now enabling vehicle electrification and beginning to enter the utility industry. The emergence and dominance of lithium-ion batteries are due to their higher energy density compared to other rechargeable battery systems, enabled by the design and development of high-energy density electrode materials. Basic science research, involving solid-state chemistry and physics, has been at the center of this endeavor, particularly during the 1970s and 1980s. With the award of the 2019 Nobel Prize in Chemistry to the development of lithium-ion batteries, it is enlightening to look back at the evolution of the cathode chemistry that made the modern lithium-ion technology feasible. This review article provides a reflection on how fundamental studies have facilitated the discovery, optimization, and rational design of three major categories of oxide cathodes for lithium-ion batteries, and a personal perspective on the future of this important area.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-020-15355-0},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-15355-0

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 26 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Figures / Tables:

Fig. 1 Fig. 1: Positions of the redox energies relative to the top of the anion: p bands. The top of the S2−:3p band lying at a higher energy limits the cell voltage to <2.5 V with a sulfide cathode. In contrast, the top of the O2−:2p band lying at a lowermore » energy enables access to lower-lying energy bands with higher oxidation states and increases the cell voltage substantially to ~4 V.« less

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