skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Metasurface-based ultra-lightweight high-gain off-axis flat parabolic reflectarray for microwave beam collimation/focusing

Abstract

Abstract Ultra-lightweight deployable antennas with high-gain are pivotal communication components for small satellites, which are intrinsically constrained in size, weight, and power. In this work, we design and demonstrate metasurface-based ultra-lightweight flat off-axis reflectarrays for microwave beam collimation and focusing, similar to a parabolic dish-antenna. Our ultra-thin reflectarrays employ resonators of variable sizes to cover the full 2 π phase range, and are arranged on the metasurface to realize a two-dimensional parabolic focusing phase distribution. We demonstrate a 30° off-axis focusing reflector that exhibits a measured gain of 27.5 dB at the central operating frequency of 11.8 GHz and a 3 dB directionality < $$\pm $$ ± 1.6°. Furthermore, we carry out full-wave simulations of the reflectarray, showing high gain of the beam focusing/collimation functionality, in good agreement with measurements. The demonstrated reflectarrays will enable low-cost, lightweight, and high-gain deployable transceivers for small-satellite platforms.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program; USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1619613
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1601398
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-19-22629
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322; 18984; PII: 55221
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396; 89233218CNA000001
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Scientific Reports Journal Volume: 9 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; reflectarray, metasurfaces; engineering; materials science; physics

Citation Formats

Silva, Sinhara R., Rahman, Abdur, de Melo Kort-Kamp, Wilton, Rushton, Jeremiah J., Singleton, John, Taylor, Antoinette J., Dalvit, Diego A. R., Chen, Hou-Tong, and Azad, Abul K. Metasurface-based ultra-lightweight high-gain off-axis flat parabolic reflectarray for microwave beam collimation/focusing. United Kingdom: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-55221-8.
Silva, Sinhara R., Rahman, Abdur, de Melo Kort-Kamp, Wilton, Rushton, Jeremiah J., Singleton, John, Taylor, Antoinette J., Dalvit, Diego A. R., Chen, Hou-Tong, & Azad, Abul K. Metasurface-based ultra-lightweight high-gain off-axis flat parabolic reflectarray for microwave beam collimation/focusing. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-55221-8
Silva, Sinhara R., Rahman, Abdur, de Melo Kort-Kamp, Wilton, Rushton, Jeremiah J., Singleton, John, Taylor, Antoinette J., Dalvit, Diego A. R., Chen, Hou-Tong, and Azad, Abul K. Thu . "Metasurface-based ultra-lightweight high-gain off-axis flat parabolic reflectarray for microwave beam collimation/focusing". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-55221-8.
@article{osti_1619613,
title = {Metasurface-based ultra-lightweight high-gain off-axis flat parabolic reflectarray for microwave beam collimation/focusing},
author = {Silva, Sinhara R. and Rahman, Abdur and de Melo Kort-Kamp, Wilton and Rushton, Jeremiah J. and Singleton, John and Taylor, Antoinette J. and Dalvit, Diego A. R. and Chen, Hou-Tong and Azad, Abul K.},
abstractNote = {Abstract Ultra-lightweight deployable antennas with high-gain are pivotal communication components for small satellites, which are intrinsically constrained in size, weight, and power. In this work, we design and demonstrate metasurface-based ultra-lightweight flat off-axis reflectarrays for microwave beam collimation and focusing, similar to a parabolic dish-antenna. Our ultra-thin reflectarrays employ resonators of variable sizes to cover the full 2 π phase range, and are arranged on the metasurface to realize a two-dimensional parabolic focusing phase distribution. We demonstrate a 30° off-axis focusing reflector that exhibits a measured gain of 27.5 dB at the central operating frequency of 11.8 GHz and a 3 dB directionality < $$\pm $$ ± 1.6°. Furthermore, we carry out full-wave simulations of the reflectarray, showing high gain of the beam focusing/collimation functionality, in good agreement with measurements. The demonstrated reflectarrays will enable low-cost, lightweight, and high-gain deployable transceivers for small-satellite platforms.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-019-55221-8},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 9,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-55221-8

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A Review of Antennas for Picosatellite Applications
journal, January 2017

  • Lokman, Abdul Halim; Soh, Ping Jack; Azemi, Saidatul Norlyana
  • International Journal of Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 2017
  • DOI: 10.1155/2017/4940656

Ultrathin Terahertz Planar Elements
journal, February 2013

  • Hu, Dan; Wang, Xinke; Feng, Shengfei
  • Advanced Optical Materials, Vol. 1, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/adom.201200044

Advanced Antennas for Small Satellites
journal, March 2018


A Deployable High-Gain Antenna Bound for Mars: Developing a new folded-panel reflectarray for the first CubeSat mission to Mars.
journal, April 2017

  • Hodges, Richard E.; Chahat, Nacer; Hoppe, Daniel J.
  • IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 59, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/MAP.2017.2655561

New class of primary-feed antennas for use with offset parabolic-reflector antennas
journal, January 1975


Broadband design of three-layer printed reflectarrays
journal, July 2003

  • Encinar, J. A.; Zornoza, J. A.
  • IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 51, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2003.813611

Wideband Circularly Polarized Fabry-Perot Antenna [Antenna Applications Corner]
journal, October 2015

  • Qin, Fan; Gao, Steven; Wei, Gao
  • IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 57, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/MAP.2015.2470678

Ultra-Wideband, True-Time-Delay Reflectarray Antennas Using Ground-Plane-Backed, Miniaturized-Element Frequency Selective Surfaces
journal, February 2015

  • Momeni Hasan Abadi, Seyed Mohamad Amin; Ghaemi, Kasra; Behdad, Nader
  • IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 63, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2014.2381231

An investigation of millimeter wave reflectarrays for small satellite platforms
journal, October 2018


ANN Characterization of Multi-Layer Reflectarray Elements for Contoured-Beam Space Antennas in the Ku-Band
journal, July 2012

  • Robustillo, Pedro; Zapata, Juan; Encinar, José A.
  • IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 60, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2012.2196941

Analysis of a reflectarray antenna using microstrip patches of variable size
journal, January 1993


Experimental demonstration of reflectarray antennas at terahertz frequencies
journal, January 2013

  • Niu, Tiaoming; Withayachumnankul, Withawat; Ung, Benjamin S. -Y.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 21, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.21.002875

The Deep-Space Network Telecommunication CubeSat Antenna: Using the deployable Ka-band mesh reflector antenna.
journal, April 2017

  • Chahat, Nacer; Hodges, Richard E.; Sauder, Jonathan
  • IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine, Vol. 59, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/MAP.2017.2655576

Inflatable antenna for CubeSats: Development of the X-band prototype
conference, March 2016


The reflectarray antenna
journal, November 1963

  • Berry, D.; Malech, R.; Kennedy, W.
  • IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 11, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1109/TAP.1963.1138112

A Compact High Gain Antenna for Small Satellite Applications
journal, February 2007

  • Arnieri, Emilio; Boccia, Luigi; Amendola, Giandomenico
  • IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Vol. 55, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2006.889831

Ultra-thin metasurface microwave flat lens for broadband applications
journal, May 2017

  • Azad, Abul K.; Efimov, Anatoly V.; Ghosh, Shuprio
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 110, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4984219

Demonstration of a highly efficient terahertz flat lens employing tri-layer metasurfaces
journal, January 2017

  • Chang, Chun-Chieh; Headland, Daniel; Abbott, Derek
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.42.001867

Novel deployable reflectarray antennas for CubeSat communications
conference, May 2015

  • Hodges, Richard E.; Hoppe, Daniel J.; Radway, Matthew J.
  • 2015 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium (IMS2015)
  • DOI: 10.1109/MWSYM.2015.7167153