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Title: Megahertz-rate shock-wave distortion cancellation via phase conjugate digital in-line holography

Abstract

Abstract Holography is a powerful tool for three-dimensional imaging. However, in explosive, supersonic, hypersonic, cavitating, or ionizing environments, shock-waves and density gradients impart phase distortions that obscure objects in the field-of-view. Capturing time-resolved information in these environments also requires ultra-high-speed acquisition. To reduce phase distortions and increase imaging rates, we introduce an ultra-high-speed phase conjugate digital in-line holography (PCDIH) technique. In this concept, a coherent beam passes through the shock-wave distortion, reflects off a phase conjugate mirror, and propagates back through the shock-wave, thereby minimizing imaging distortions from phase delays. By implementing the method using a pulse-burst laser setup at up to 5 million-frames-per-second, time-resolved holograms of ultra-fast events are now possible. This technique is applied for holographic imaging through laser-spark plasma-generated shock-waves and to enable three-dimensional tracking of explosively generated hypersonic fragments. Simulations further advance our understanding of physical processes and experiments demonstrate ultra-high-speed PCDIH techniques for capturing dynamics.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1619579
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1624254
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003525
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature Communications Journal Volume: 11 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
Science & Technology - Other Topics

Citation Formats

Mazumdar, Yi Chen, Smyser, Michael E., Heyborne, Jeffery D., Slipchenko, Mikhail N., and Guildenbecher, Daniel R.. Megahertz-rate shock-wave distortion cancellation via phase conjugate digital in-line holography. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14868-y.
Mazumdar, Yi Chen, Smyser, Michael E., Heyborne, Jeffery D., Slipchenko, Mikhail N., & Guildenbecher, Daniel R.. Megahertz-rate shock-wave distortion cancellation via phase conjugate digital in-line holography. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14868-y
Mazumdar, Yi Chen, Smyser, Michael E., Heyborne, Jeffery D., Slipchenko, Mikhail N., and Guildenbecher, Daniel R.. Fri . "Megahertz-rate shock-wave distortion cancellation via phase conjugate digital in-line holography". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14868-y.
@article{osti_1619579,
title = {Megahertz-rate shock-wave distortion cancellation via phase conjugate digital in-line holography},
author = {Mazumdar, Yi Chen and Smyser, Michael E. and Heyborne, Jeffery D. and Slipchenko, Mikhail N. and Guildenbecher, Daniel R.},
abstractNote = {Abstract Holography is a powerful tool for three-dimensional imaging. However, in explosive, supersonic, hypersonic, cavitating, or ionizing environments, shock-waves and density gradients impart phase distortions that obscure objects in the field-of-view. Capturing time-resolved information in these environments also requires ultra-high-speed acquisition. To reduce phase distortions and increase imaging rates, we introduce an ultra-high-speed phase conjugate digital in-line holography (PCDIH) technique. In this concept, a coherent beam passes through the shock-wave distortion, reflects off a phase conjugate mirror, and propagates back through the shock-wave, thereby minimizing imaging distortions from phase delays. By implementing the method using a pulse-burst laser setup at up to 5 million-frames-per-second, time-resolved holograms of ultra-fast events are now possible. This technique is applied for holographic imaging through laser-spark plasma-generated shock-waves and to enable three-dimensional tracking of explosively generated hypersonic fragments. Simulations further advance our understanding of physical processes and experiments demonstrate ultra-high-speed PCDIH techniques for capturing dynamics.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-020-14868-y},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14868-y

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