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Title: Multi-functional anodes boost the transient power and durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Abstract

Abstract Proton exchange membrane fuel cells have been regarded as the most promising candidate for fuel cell vehicles and tools. Their broader adaption, however, has been impeded by cost and lifetime. By integrating a thin layer of tungsten oxide within the anode, which serves as a rapid-response hydrogen reservoir, oxygen scavenger, sensor for power demand, and regulator for hydrogen-disassociation reaction, we herein report proton exchange membrane fuel cells with significantly enhanced power performance for transient operation and low humidified conditions, as well as improved durability against adverse operating conditions. Meanwhile, the enhanced power performance minimizes the use of auxiliary energy-storage systems and reduces costs. Scale fabrication of such devices can be readily achieved based on the current fabrication techniques with negligible extra expense. This work provides proton exchange membrane fuel cells with enhanced power performance, improved durability, prolonged lifetime, and reduced cost for automotive and other applications.

Authors:
; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), Washington, DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1619556
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1629657
Grant/Contract Number:  
AR0001256
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Nature Communications
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Nature Communications Journal Volume: 11 Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2041-1723
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United Kingdom
Language:
English
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; 25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Shen, Gurong, Liu, Jing, Wu, Hao Bin, Xu, Pengcheng, Liu, Fang, Tongsh, Chasen, Jiao, Kui, Li, Jinlai, Liu, Meilin, Cai, Mei, Lemmon, John P., Soloveichik, Grigorii, Li, Hexing, Zhu, Jian, and Lu, Yunfeng. Multi-functional anodes boost the transient power and durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. United Kingdom: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14822-y.
Shen, Gurong, Liu, Jing, Wu, Hao Bin, Xu, Pengcheng, Liu, Fang, Tongsh, Chasen, Jiao, Kui, Li, Jinlai, Liu, Meilin, Cai, Mei, Lemmon, John P., Soloveichik, Grigorii, Li, Hexing, Zhu, Jian, & Lu, Yunfeng. Multi-functional anodes boost the transient power and durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14822-y
Shen, Gurong, Liu, Jing, Wu, Hao Bin, Xu, Pengcheng, Liu, Fang, Tongsh, Chasen, Jiao, Kui, Li, Jinlai, Liu, Meilin, Cai, Mei, Lemmon, John P., Soloveichik, Grigorii, Li, Hexing, Zhu, Jian, and Lu, Yunfeng. Wed . "Multi-functional anodes boost the transient power and durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells". United Kingdom. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14822-y.
@article{osti_1619556,
title = {Multi-functional anodes boost the transient power and durability of proton exchange membrane fuel cells},
author = {Shen, Gurong and Liu, Jing and Wu, Hao Bin and Xu, Pengcheng and Liu, Fang and Tongsh, Chasen and Jiao, Kui and Li, Jinlai and Liu, Meilin and Cai, Mei and Lemmon, John P. and Soloveichik, Grigorii and Li, Hexing and Zhu, Jian and Lu, Yunfeng},
abstractNote = {Abstract Proton exchange membrane fuel cells have been regarded as the most promising candidate for fuel cell vehicles and tools. Their broader adaption, however, has been impeded by cost and lifetime. By integrating a thin layer of tungsten oxide within the anode, which serves as a rapid-response hydrogen reservoir, oxygen scavenger, sensor for power demand, and regulator for hydrogen-disassociation reaction, we herein report proton exchange membrane fuel cells with significantly enhanced power performance for transient operation and low humidified conditions, as well as improved durability against adverse operating conditions. Meanwhile, the enhanced power performance minimizes the use of auxiliary energy-storage systems and reduces costs. Scale fabrication of such devices can be readily achieved based on the current fabrication techniques with negligible extra expense. This work provides proton exchange membrane fuel cells with enhanced power performance, improved durability, prolonged lifetime, and reduced cost for automotive and other applications.},
doi = {10.1038/s41467-020-14822-y},
journal = {Nature Communications},
number = 1,
volume = 11,
place = {United Kingdom},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-14822-y

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
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