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Title: Robust natural nanocomposites realizing unprecedented ultrafast precise molecular separations

Abstract

Synthetic polymer membranes can potentially reduce the large energy and carbon footprints that are typically associated with traditional chemical separation technologies. Unfortunately, current production protocols negate the green benefits of membrane separation. To address this bottleneck, here we report the use of natural materials monosaccharide – glucose and polydopamine and Zr-based metal organic frameworks (MOFs) to fabricate ultrathin nanocomposite membranes via interfacial polymerization reaction. The synergistic effect of these three materials on angstrom-scale molecular transport both in organic solvent and aqueous environment was elucidated using a series of complementary techniques. We demonstrate such nature-inspired nanocomposite membranes enable structural stability even in polar aprotic solvents, and unparalleled ultra-fast, low-pressure, precise separations in both nanofiltration modes, which easily surpass state-of-the-art membranes relying on unsustainable materials. Finally, the multi-functionality of saccharide nanocomposites was elegantly harnessed to impact separation applications that contribute towards a better living environment.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1]
  1. Harbin Inst. of Technology (China)
  2. Harbin Inst. of Technology, Weihai (China)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). Molecular Foundry
  4. Univ. of Edinburgh (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES). Scientific User Facilities Division; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1619147
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1632749
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; 21878062
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Materials Today
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 36; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1369-7021
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; nanoporous membrane; sustainable natural materials; nanofiltration; desalination; metal organic frameworks

Citation Formats

Zhang, Yanqiu, Cheng, Xiquan, Jiang, Xu, Urban, Jeffrey J., Lau, Cher Hon, Liu, Shaoqin, and Shao, Lu. Robust natural nanocomposites realizing unprecedented ultrafast precise molecular separations. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mattod.2020.02.002.
Zhang, Yanqiu, Cheng, Xiquan, Jiang, Xu, Urban, Jeffrey J., Lau, Cher Hon, Liu, Shaoqin, & Shao, Lu. Robust natural nanocomposites realizing unprecedented ultrafast precise molecular separations. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mattod.2020.02.002
Zhang, Yanqiu, Cheng, Xiquan, Jiang, Xu, Urban, Jeffrey J., Lau, Cher Hon, Liu, Shaoqin, and Shao, Lu. Sat . "Robust natural nanocomposites realizing unprecedented ultrafast precise molecular separations". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mattod.2020.02.002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1619147.
@article{osti_1619147,
title = {Robust natural nanocomposites realizing unprecedented ultrafast precise molecular separations},
author = {Zhang, Yanqiu and Cheng, Xiquan and Jiang, Xu and Urban, Jeffrey J. and Lau, Cher Hon and Liu, Shaoqin and Shao, Lu},
abstractNote = {Synthetic polymer membranes can potentially reduce the large energy and carbon footprints that are typically associated with traditional chemical separation technologies. Unfortunately, current production protocols negate the green benefits of membrane separation. To address this bottleneck, here we report the use of natural materials monosaccharide – glucose and polydopamine and Zr-based metal organic frameworks (MOFs) to fabricate ultrathin nanocomposite membranes via interfacial polymerization reaction. The synergistic effect of these three materials on angstrom-scale molecular transport both in organic solvent and aqueous environment was elucidated using a series of complementary techniques. We demonstrate such nature-inspired nanocomposite membranes enable structural stability even in polar aprotic solvents, and unparalleled ultra-fast, low-pressure, precise separations in both nanofiltration modes, which easily surpass state-of-the-art membranes relying on unsustainable materials. Finally, the multi-functionality of saccharide nanocomposites was elegantly harnessed to impact separation applications that contribute towards a better living environment.},
doi = {10.1016/j.mattod.2020.02.002},
journal = {Materials Today},
number = C,
volume = 36,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:

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Cited by: 11 works
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