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Title: Evaluation of The Electrochemo-Mechanically Induced Stress in All-Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries

Abstract

The mechanical degradation of all-solid-state Li-ion batteries (ASSLBs) is expected to be more severe than that in traditional Li-ion batteries with liquid electrolytes due to the additional mechanical constraints imposed by the solid electrolyte on the deformation of electrodes. Cracks and fractures could occur both inside the solid electrolyte (SE) and at the SE/electrode interfconce. A coupled electrochemical-mechanical model was developed and solved by the Finite Element Method (FEM) to evaluate the stress development in ASSLBs. Two sources of volume change were considered, namely the expansion/shrinkage of electrodes due to lithium concentration change and the interphase formation at the SE/electrode interface due to the decomposition of SEs. The most plausible solid electrolyte decomposition reactions and their associated volume change were predicted by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. It was found that the stress associated with a volume change due to solid electrolyte decomposition can be much more significant than that of electrode volumetric changes associated with Li insertion/extraction. This model can be used to design 3D ASSLB architectures to minimize their internal stress generation.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ORCiD logo
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-CA), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1618972
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1630282
Report Number(s):
SAND-2020-4971J
Journal ID: ISSN 1945-7111
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society (Online) Journal Volume: 167 Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1945-7111
Publisher:
IOP Publishing
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Tian, Hong-Kang, Chakraborty, Aritra, Talin, A. Alec, Eisenlohr, Philip, and Qi, Yue. Evaluation of The Electrochemo-Mechanically Induced Stress in All-Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1149/1945-7111/ab8f5b.
Tian, Hong-Kang, Chakraborty, Aritra, Talin, A. Alec, Eisenlohr, Philip, & Qi, Yue. Evaluation of The Electrochemo-Mechanically Induced Stress in All-Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab8f5b
Tian, Hong-Kang, Chakraborty, Aritra, Talin, A. Alec, Eisenlohr, Philip, and Qi, Yue. Fri . "Evaluation of The Electrochemo-Mechanically Induced Stress in All-Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab8f5b.
@article{osti_1618972,
title = {Evaluation of The Electrochemo-Mechanically Induced Stress in All-Solid-State Li-Ion Batteries},
author = {Tian, Hong-Kang and Chakraborty, Aritra and Talin, A. Alec and Eisenlohr, Philip and Qi, Yue},
abstractNote = {The mechanical degradation of all-solid-state Li-ion batteries (ASSLBs) is expected to be more severe than that in traditional Li-ion batteries with liquid electrolytes due to the additional mechanical constraints imposed by the solid electrolyte on the deformation of electrodes. Cracks and fractures could occur both inside the solid electrolyte (SE) and at the SE/electrode interfconce. A coupled electrochemical-mechanical model was developed and solved by the Finite Element Method (FEM) to evaluate the stress development in ASSLBs. Two sources of volume change were considered, namely the expansion/shrinkage of electrodes due to lithium concentration change and the interphase formation at the SE/electrode interface due to the decomposition of SEs. The most plausible solid electrolyte decomposition reactions and their associated volume change were predicted by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. It was found that the stress associated with a volume change due to solid electrolyte decomposition can be much more significant than that of electrode volumetric changes associated with Li insertion/extraction. This model can be used to design 3D ASSLB architectures to minimize their internal stress generation.},
doi = {10.1149/1945-7111/ab8f5b},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society (Online)},
number = 9,
volume = 167,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1149/1945-7111/ab8f5b

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