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Title: Theia: an advanced optical neutrino detector

Abstract

New developments in liquid scintillators, high-efficiency, fast photon detectors, and chromatic photon sorting have opened up the possibility for building a large-scale detector that can discriminate between Cherenkov and scintillation signals. Such a detector could reconstruct particle direction and species using Cherenkov light while also having the excellent energy resolution and low threshold of a scintillator detector. Situated deep underground, and utilizing new techniques in computing and reconstruction, this detector could achieve unprecedented levels of background rejection, enabling a rich physics program spanning topics in nuclear, high-energy, and astrophysics, and across a dynamic range from hundreds of keV to many GeV. The scientific program would include observations of low- and high-energy solar neutrinos, determination of neutrino mass ordering and measurement of the neutrino CP-violating phase δ, observations of diffuse supernova neutrinos and neutrinos from a supernova burst, sensitive searches for nucleon decay and, ultimately, a search for neutrinoless double beta decay, with sensitivity reaching the normal ordering regime of neutrino mass phase space. This paper describes Theia, a detector design that incorporates these new technologies in a practical and affordable way to accomplish the science goals described above.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP)
OSTI Identifier:
1618342
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1633593; OSTI ID: 1650088
Report Number(s):
BNL-216059-2020-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044; 416; PII: 7977
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0009999; AC02-05CH11231; NA0003180; FG02-88ER40479; FG02-88ER40893; SC0012704
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields Journal Volume: 80 Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
Germany
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Askins, M., Bagdasarian, Z., Barros, N., Beier, E. W., Blucher, E., Bonventre, R., Bourret, E., Callaghan, E. J., Caravaca, J., Diwan, M., Dye, S. T., Eisch, J., Elagin, A., Enqvist, T., Fischer, V., Frankiewicz, K., Grant, C., Guffanti, D., Hagner, C., Hallin, A., Jackson, C. M., Jiang, R., Kaptanoglu, T., Klein, J. R., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Kraus, C., Krennrich, F., Kutter, T., Lachenmaier, T., Land, B., Lande, K., Learned, J. G., Lozza, V., Ludhova, L., Malek, M., Manecki, S., Maneira, J., Maricic, J., Martyn, J., Mastbaum, A., Mauger, C., Moretti, F., Napolitano, J., Naranjo, B., Nieslony, M., Oberauer, L., Orebi Gann, G. D., Ouellet, J., Pershing, T., Petcov, S. T., Pickard, L., Rosero, R., Sanchez, M. C., Sawatzki, J., Seo, S. H., Smiley, M., Smy, M., Stahl, A., Steiger, H., Stock, M. R., Sunej, H., Svoboda, R., Tiras, E., Trzaska, W. H., Tzanov, M., Vagins, M., Vilela, C., Wang, Z., Wang, J., Wetstein, M., Wilking, M. J., Winslow, L., Wittich, P., Wonsak, B., Worcester, E., Wurm, M., Yang, G., Yeh, M., Zimmerman, E. D., Zsoldos, S., and Zuber, K. Theia: an advanced optical neutrino detector. Germany: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7977-8.
Askins, M., Bagdasarian, Z., Barros, N., Beier, E. W., Blucher, E., Bonventre, R., Bourret, E., Callaghan, E. J., Caravaca, J., Diwan, M., Dye, S. T., Eisch, J., Elagin, A., Enqvist, T., Fischer, V., Frankiewicz, K., Grant, C., Guffanti, D., Hagner, C., Hallin, A., Jackson, C. M., Jiang, R., Kaptanoglu, T., Klein, J. R., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Kraus, C., Krennrich, F., Kutter, T., Lachenmaier, T., Land, B., Lande, K., Learned, J. G., Lozza, V., Ludhova, L., Malek, M., Manecki, S., Maneira, J., Maricic, J., Martyn, J., Mastbaum, A., Mauger, C., Moretti, F., Napolitano, J., Naranjo, B., Nieslony, M., Oberauer, L., Orebi Gann, G. D., Ouellet, J., Pershing, T., Petcov, S. T., Pickard, L., Rosero, R., Sanchez, M. C., Sawatzki, J., Seo, S. H., Smiley, M., Smy, M., Stahl, A., Steiger, H., Stock, M. R., Sunej, H., Svoboda, R., Tiras, E., Trzaska, W. H., Tzanov, M., Vagins, M., Vilela, C., Wang, Z., Wang, J., Wetstein, M., Wilking, M. J., Winslow, L., Wittich, P., Wonsak, B., Worcester, E., Wurm, M., Yang, G., Yeh, M., Zimmerman, E. D., Zsoldos, S., & Zuber, K. Theia: an advanced optical neutrino detector. Germany. doi:https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7977-8
Askins, M., Bagdasarian, Z., Barros, N., Beier, E. W., Blucher, E., Bonventre, R., Bourret, E., Callaghan, E. J., Caravaca, J., Diwan, M., Dye, S. T., Eisch, J., Elagin, A., Enqvist, T., Fischer, V., Frankiewicz, K., Grant, C., Guffanti, D., Hagner, C., Hallin, A., Jackson, C. M., Jiang, R., Kaptanoglu, T., Klein, J. R., Kolomensky, Yu. G., Kraus, C., Krennrich, F., Kutter, T., Lachenmaier, T., Land, B., Lande, K., Learned, J. G., Lozza, V., Ludhova, L., Malek, M., Manecki, S., Maneira, J., Maricic, J., Martyn, J., Mastbaum, A., Mauger, C., Moretti, F., Napolitano, J., Naranjo, B., Nieslony, M., Oberauer, L., Orebi Gann, G. D., Ouellet, J., Pershing, T., Petcov, S. T., Pickard, L., Rosero, R., Sanchez, M. C., Sawatzki, J., Seo, S. H., Smiley, M., Smy, M., Stahl, A., Steiger, H., Stock, M. R., Sunej, H., Svoboda, R., Tiras, E., Trzaska, W. H., Tzanov, M., Vagins, M., Vilela, C., Wang, Z., Wang, J., Wetstein, M., Wilking, M. J., Winslow, L., Wittich, P., Wonsak, B., Worcester, E., Wurm, M., Yang, G., Yeh, M., Zimmerman, E. D., Zsoldos, S., and Zuber, K. Wed . "Theia: an advanced optical neutrino detector". Germany. doi:https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7977-8.
@article{osti_1618342,
title = {Theia: an advanced optical neutrino detector},
author = {Askins, M. and Bagdasarian, Z. and Barros, N. and Beier, E. W. and Blucher, E. and Bonventre, R. and Bourret, E. and Callaghan, E. J. and Caravaca, J. and Diwan, M. and Dye, S. T. and Eisch, J. and Elagin, A. and Enqvist, T. and Fischer, V. and Frankiewicz, K. and Grant, C. and Guffanti, D. and Hagner, C. and Hallin, A. and Jackson, C. M. and Jiang, R. and Kaptanoglu, T. and Klein, J. R. and Kolomensky, Yu. G. and Kraus, C. and Krennrich, F. and Kutter, T. and Lachenmaier, T. and Land, B. and Lande, K. and Learned, J. G. and Lozza, V. and Ludhova, L. and Malek, M. and Manecki, S. and Maneira, J. and Maricic, J. and Martyn, J. and Mastbaum, A. and Mauger, C. and Moretti, F. and Napolitano, J. and Naranjo, B. and Nieslony, M. and Oberauer, L. and Orebi Gann, G. D. and Ouellet, J. and Pershing, T. and Petcov, S. T. and Pickard, L. and Rosero, R. and Sanchez, M. C. and Sawatzki, J. and Seo, S. H. and Smiley, M. and Smy, M. and Stahl, A. and Steiger, H. and Stock, M. R. and Sunej, H. and Svoboda, R. and Tiras, E. and Trzaska, W. H. and Tzanov, M. and Vagins, M. and Vilela, C. and Wang, Z. and Wang, J. and Wetstein, M. and Wilking, M. J. and Winslow, L. and Wittich, P. and Wonsak, B. and Worcester, E. and Wurm, M. and Yang, G. and Yeh, M. and Zimmerman, E. D. and Zsoldos, S. and Zuber, K.},
abstractNote = {New developments in liquid scintillators, high-efficiency, fast photon detectors, and chromatic photon sorting have opened up the possibility for building a large-scale detector that can discriminate between Cherenkov and scintillation signals. Such a detector could reconstruct particle direction and species using Cherenkov light while also having the excellent energy resolution and low threshold of a scintillator detector. Situated deep underground, and utilizing new techniques in computing and reconstruction, this detector could achieve unprecedented levels of background rejection, enabling a rich physics program spanning topics in nuclear, high-energy, and astrophysics, and across a dynamic range from hundreds of keV to many GeV. The scientific program would include observations of low- and high-energy solar neutrinos, determination of neutrino mass ordering and measurement of the neutrino CP-violating phase δ, observations of diffuse supernova neutrinos and neutrinos from a supernova burst, sensitive searches for nucleon decay and, ultimately, a search for neutrinoless double beta decay, with sensitivity reaching the normal ordering regime of neutrino mass phase space. This paper describes Theia, a detector design that incorporates these new technologies in a practical and affordable way to accomplish the science goals described above.},
doi = {10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7977-8},
journal = {European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields},
number = 5,
volume = 80,
place = {Germany},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-020-7977-8

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