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Title: The Magnitude and Waveform of Shock Waves Induced by X-ray Lasers in Water

Abstract

The high energy densities deposited in materials by focused X-ray laser pulses generate shock waves which travel away from the irradiated region, and can generate complex wave patterns or induce phase changes. We determined the time-pressure histories of shocks induced by X-ray laser pulses in liquid water microdrops, by measuring the surface velocity of the microdrops from images recorded during the reflection of the shock at the surface. Measurements were made with ~30 µm diameter droplets using 10 keV X-rays, for X-ray pulse energies that deposited linear energy densities from 3.5 to 120 mJ/m; measurements were also made with ~60 µm diameter drops for a narrower energy range. At a distance of 15 µm from the X-ray beam, the peak shock pressures ranged from 44 to 472 MPa, and the corresponding time-pressure histories of the shocks had a fast quasi-exponential decay with positive pressure durations estimated to range from 2 to 5 ns. Knowledge of the amplitude and waveform of the shock waves enables accurate modeling of shock propagation and experiment designs that either maximize or minimize the effect of shocks.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6];  [5];  [7]
  1. Rutgers Univ., Newark, NJ (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Photon Ultrafast Laser Science and Engineering Inst. (PULSE)
  2. Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  4. Rutgers Univ., Newark, NJ (United States)
  5. Japan Synchrotron Radiation Research Institute (JASRI), Hyogo (Japan)
  6. RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo (Japan)
  7. Tohoku Univ., Sendai (Japan); RIKEN SPring-8 Center, Hyogo (Japan)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences Division
OSTI Identifier:
1617141
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; Ultrafast Chemical Sciences Field Work Proposal; IMRAM
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 10; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2076-3417
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; X-ray lasers; shock waves; laser ablation

Citation Formats

Stan, Claudiu Andrei, Motomura, Koji, Blaj, Gabriel, Kumagai, Yoshiaki, Li, Yiwen, You, Daehyun, Ono, Taishi, Kalita, Armin, Togashi, Tadashi, Owada, Shigeki, Tono, Kensuke, Yabashi, Makina, Katayama, Tetsuo, and Ueda, Kiyoshi. The Magnitude and Waveform of Shock Waves Induced by X-ray Lasers in Water. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.3390/app10041497.
Stan, Claudiu Andrei, Motomura, Koji, Blaj, Gabriel, Kumagai, Yoshiaki, Li, Yiwen, You, Daehyun, Ono, Taishi, Kalita, Armin, Togashi, Tadashi, Owada, Shigeki, Tono, Kensuke, Yabashi, Makina, Katayama, Tetsuo, & Ueda, Kiyoshi. The Magnitude and Waveform of Shock Waves Induced by X-ray Lasers in Water. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/app10041497
Stan, Claudiu Andrei, Motomura, Koji, Blaj, Gabriel, Kumagai, Yoshiaki, Li, Yiwen, You, Daehyun, Ono, Taishi, Kalita, Armin, Togashi, Tadashi, Owada, Shigeki, Tono, Kensuke, Yabashi, Makina, Katayama, Tetsuo, and Ueda, Kiyoshi. Sat . "The Magnitude and Waveform of Shock Waves Induced by X-ray Lasers in Water". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/app10041497. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1617141.
@article{osti_1617141,
title = {The Magnitude and Waveform of Shock Waves Induced by X-ray Lasers in Water},
author = {Stan, Claudiu Andrei and Motomura, Koji and Blaj, Gabriel and Kumagai, Yoshiaki and Li, Yiwen and You, Daehyun and Ono, Taishi and Kalita, Armin and Togashi, Tadashi and Owada, Shigeki and Tono, Kensuke and Yabashi, Makina and Katayama, Tetsuo and Ueda, Kiyoshi},
abstractNote = {The high energy densities deposited in materials by focused X-ray laser pulses generate shock waves which travel away from the irradiated region, and can generate complex wave patterns or induce phase changes. We determined the time-pressure histories of shocks induced by X-ray laser pulses in liquid water microdrops, by measuring the surface velocity of the microdrops from images recorded during the reflection of the shock at the surface. Measurements were made with ~30 µm diameter droplets using 10 keV X-rays, for X-ray pulse energies that deposited linear energy densities from 3.5 to 120 mJ/m; measurements were also made with ~60 µm diameter drops for a narrower energy range. At a distance of 15 µm from the X-ray beam, the peak shock pressures ranged from 44 to 472 MPa, and the corresponding time-pressure histories of the shocks had a fast quasi-exponential decay with positive pressure durations estimated to range from 2 to 5 ns. Knowledge of the amplitude and waveform of the shock waves enables accurate modeling of shock propagation and experiment designs that either maximize or minimize the effect of shocks.},
doi = {10.3390/app10041497},
journal = {Applied Sciences},
number = 4,
volume = 10,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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