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Title: Nucleon binding energy and transverse momentum imbalance in neutrino-nucleus reactions

Abstract

We have measured new observables based on the final state kinematic imbalances in the mesonless production of $$\nu_\mu+A\rightarrow\mu^-+p+X$$ in the $$\text{MINER}\nu\text{A}$$ tracker. Components of the muon-proton momentum imbalances parallel ($$\delta p_\mathrm{Ty}$$) and perpendicular($$\delta p_\mathrm{Tx}$$) to the momentum transfer in the transverse plane are found to be sensitive to the nuclear effects such as Fermi motion, binding energy and non-QE contributions. The QE peak location in $$\delta p_\mathrm{Ty}$$ is particularly sensitive to the binding energy. Differential cross sections are compared to predictions from different neutrino interaction models. The Fermi gas models presented in this study cannot simultaneously describe features such as QE peak location, width and the non-QE events contributing to the signal process. Correcting the GENIE's binding energy implementation according to theory causes better agreement with data. Hints of proton left-right asymmetry are observed in $$\delta p_\mathrm{Tx}$$. Better modeling of the binding energy can reduce bias in neutrino energy reconstruction and these observables can be applied in current and future experiments to better constrain nuclear effects.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Contributing Org.:
The MINERνA Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1616786
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1574967; OSTI ID: 1617019
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1910.08658; FERMILAB-PUB-19-539-ND
Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010; PRVDAQ; 092001
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0008475; AC02-07CH11359; PHY-0619727
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review D
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review D Journal Volume: 101 Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2470-0010
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; neutrino interactions

Citation Formats

Cai, T., Lu, X. -G., Harewood, L. A., Wret, C., Akbar, F., Andrade, D. A., Ascencio, M. V., Bellantoni, L., Bercellie, A., Betancourt, M., Bodek, A., Bonilla, J. L., Bravar, A., Budd, H., Caceres, G., Carneiro, M. F., Coplowe, D., da Motta, H., Dar, Zubair Ahmad, Díaz, G. A., Felix, J., Fields, L., Filkins, A., Fine, R., Gago, A. M., Gallagher, H., Ghosh, A., Gran, R., Harris, D. A., Henry, S., Jena, S., Jena, D., Kleykamp, J., Kordosky, M., Last, D., Le, T., Lozano, A., Maher, E., Manly, S., Mann, W. A., Mauger, C., McFarland, K. S., Messerly, B., Miller, J., Morfín, J. G., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Nguyen, C., Norrick, A., Nuruzzaman,, Olivier, A., Paolone, V., Perdue, G. N., Ramírez, M. A., Ransome, R. D., Ruterbories, D., Schellman, H., Salinas, C. J. Solano, Su, H., Sultana, M., Syrotenko, V. S., Valencia, E., Wark, D., Weber, A., Wospakrik, M., Yaeggy, B., and Zazueta, L. Nucleon binding energy and transverse momentum imbalance in neutrino-nucleus reactions. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.092001.
Cai, T., Lu, X. -G., Harewood, L. A., Wret, C., Akbar, F., Andrade, D. A., Ascencio, M. V., Bellantoni, L., Bercellie, A., Betancourt, M., Bodek, A., Bonilla, J. L., Bravar, A., Budd, H., Caceres, G., Carneiro, M. F., Coplowe, D., da Motta, H., Dar, Zubair Ahmad, Díaz, G. A., Felix, J., Fields, L., Filkins, A., Fine, R., Gago, A. M., Gallagher, H., Ghosh, A., Gran, R., Harris, D. A., Henry, S., Jena, S., Jena, D., Kleykamp, J., Kordosky, M., Last, D., Le, T., Lozano, A., Maher, E., Manly, S., Mann, W. A., Mauger, C., McFarland, K. S., Messerly, B., Miller, J., Morfín, J. G., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Nguyen, C., Norrick, A., Nuruzzaman,, Olivier, A., Paolone, V., Perdue, G. N., Ramírez, M. A., Ransome, R. D., Ruterbories, D., Schellman, H., Salinas, C. J. Solano, Su, H., Sultana, M., Syrotenko, V. S., Valencia, E., Wark, D., Weber, A., Wospakrik, M., Yaeggy, B., & Zazueta, L. Nucleon binding energy and transverse momentum imbalance in neutrino-nucleus reactions. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.092001
Cai, T., Lu, X. -G., Harewood, L. A., Wret, C., Akbar, F., Andrade, D. A., Ascencio, M. V., Bellantoni, L., Bercellie, A., Betancourt, M., Bodek, A., Bonilla, J. L., Bravar, A., Budd, H., Caceres, G., Carneiro, M. F., Coplowe, D., da Motta, H., Dar, Zubair Ahmad, Díaz, G. A., Felix, J., Fields, L., Filkins, A., Fine, R., Gago, A. M., Gallagher, H., Ghosh, A., Gran, R., Harris, D. A., Henry, S., Jena, S., Jena, D., Kleykamp, J., Kordosky, M., Last, D., Le, T., Lozano, A., Maher, E., Manly, S., Mann, W. A., Mauger, C., McFarland, K. S., Messerly, B., Miller, J., Morfín, J. G., Naples, D., Nelson, J. K., Nguyen, C., Norrick, A., Nuruzzaman,, Olivier, A., Paolone, V., Perdue, G. N., Ramírez, M. A., Ransome, R. D., Ruterbories, D., Schellman, H., Salinas, C. J. Solano, Su, H., Sultana, M., Syrotenko, V. S., Valencia, E., Wark, D., Weber, A., Wospakrik, M., Yaeggy, B., and Zazueta, L. Fri . "Nucleon binding energy and transverse momentum imbalance in neutrino-nucleus reactions". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.092001.
@article{osti_1616786,
title = {Nucleon binding energy and transverse momentum imbalance in neutrino-nucleus reactions},
author = {Cai, T. and Lu, X. -G. and Harewood, L. A. and Wret, C. and Akbar, F. and Andrade, D. A. and Ascencio, M. V. and Bellantoni, L. and Bercellie, A. and Betancourt, M. and Bodek, A. and Bonilla, J. L. and Bravar, A. and Budd, H. and Caceres, G. and Carneiro, M. F. and Coplowe, D. and da Motta, H. and Dar, Zubair Ahmad and Díaz, G. A. and Felix, J. and Fields, L. and Filkins, A. and Fine, R. and Gago, A. M. and Gallagher, H. and Ghosh, A. and Gran, R. and Harris, D. A. and Henry, S. and Jena, S. and Jena, D. and Kleykamp, J. and Kordosky, M. and Last, D. and Le, T. and Lozano, A. and Maher, E. and Manly, S. and Mann, W. A. and Mauger, C. and McFarland, K. S. and Messerly, B. and Miller, J. and Morfín, J. G. and Naples, D. and Nelson, J. K. and Nguyen, C. and Norrick, A. and Nuruzzaman, and Olivier, A. and Paolone, V. and Perdue, G. N. and Ramírez, M. A. and Ransome, R. D. and Ruterbories, D. and Schellman, H. and Salinas, C. J. Solano and Su, H. and Sultana, M. and Syrotenko, V. S. and Valencia, E. and Wark, D. and Weber, A. and Wospakrik, M. and Yaeggy, B. and Zazueta, L.},
abstractNote = {We have measured new observables based on the final state kinematic imbalances in the mesonless production of $\nu_\mu+A\rightarrow\mu^-+p+X$ in the $\text{MINER}\nu\text{A}$ tracker. Components of the muon-proton momentum imbalances parallel ($\delta p_\mathrm{Ty}$) and perpendicular($\delta p_\mathrm{Tx}$) to the momentum transfer in the transverse plane are found to be sensitive to the nuclear effects such as Fermi motion, binding energy and non-QE contributions. The QE peak location in $\delta p_\mathrm{Ty}$ is particularly sensitive to the binding energy. Differential cross sections are compared to predictions from different neutrino interaction models. The Fermi gas models presented in this study cannot simultaneously describe features such as QE peak location, width and the non-QE events contributing to the signal process. Correcting the GENIE's binding energy implementation according to theory causes better agreement with data. Hints of proton left-right asymmetry are observed in $\delta p_\mathrm{Tx}$. Better modeling of the binding energy can reduce bias in neutrino energy reconstruction and these observables can be applied in current and future experiments to better constrain nuclear effects.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevD.101.092001},
journal = {Physical Review D},
number = 9,
volume = 101,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
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https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.101.092001

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