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Title: Nanoscale imaging of the full strain tensor of specific dislocations extracted from a bulk sample

Abstract

Lattice defects play a key role in determining the properties of crystalline materials. Probing the three-dimensional (3D) lattice strains that govern their interactions remains a challenge. Bragg coherent diffraction imaging (BCDI) allows strain to be measured with nanoscale 3D resolution. However, it is currently limited to materials that form microcrystals. In this work, we introduce a technique that allows the manufacture of BCDI samples from bulk materials. Using tungsten as an example, we show that focused ion-beam machining can be used to extract, from macroscopic crystals, micron-sized BCDI samples containing specific preselected defects. To interpret the experimental data, we develop a displacement-gradient-based analysis for multireflection BCDI. This provides accurate recovery of the full lattice strain tensor from samples containing multiple dislocations. These capabilities open the door to BCDI as a microscopy tool for studying complex real-world materials.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Engineering Science
  2. Univ. of Oxford (United Kingdom). Dept. of Materials
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Advanced Photon Source (APS)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
European Research Council (ERC); European Union - Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme; Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC); Leverhulme Trust; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1616753
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

Citation Formats

Hofmann, Felix, Phillips, Nicholas W., Das, Suchandrima, Karamched, Phani, Hughes, Gareth M., Douglas, James O., Cha, Wonsuk, and Liu, Wenjun. Nanoscale imaging of the full strain tensor of specific dislocations extracted from a bulk sample. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.013801.
Hofmann, Felix, Phillips, Nicholas W., Das, Suchandrima, Karamched, Phani, Hughes, Gareth M., Douglas, James O., Cha, Wonsuk, & Liu, Wenjun. Nanoscale imaging of the full strain tensor of specific dislocations extracted from a bulk sample. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.013801
Hofmann, Felix, Phillips, Nicholas W., Das, Suchandrima, Karamched, Phani, Hughes, Gareth M., Douglas, James O., Cha, Wonsuk, and Liu, Wenjun. Tue . "Nanoscale imaging of the full strain tensor of specific dislocations extracted from a bulk sample". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.013801. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1616753.
@article{osti_1616753,
title = {Nanoscale imaging of the full strain tensor of specific dislocations extracted from a bulk sample},
author = {Hofmann, Felix and Phillips, Nicholas W. and Das, Suchandrima and Karamched, Phani and Hughes, Gareth M. and Douglas, James O. and Cha, Wonsuk and Liu, Wenjun},
abstractNote = {Lattice defects play a key role in determining the properties of crystalline materials. Probing the three-dimensional (3D) lattice strains that govern their interactions remains a challenge. Bragg coherent diffraction imaging (BCDI) allows strain to be measured with nanoscale 3D resolution. However, it is currently limited to materials that form microcrystals. In this work, we introduce a technique that allows the manufacture of BCDI samples from bulk materials. Using tungsten as an example, we show that focused ion-beam machining can be used to extract, from macroscopic crystals, micron-sized BCDI samples containing specific preselected defects. To interpret the experimental data, we develop a displacement-gradient-based analysis for multireflection BCDI. This provides accurate recovery of the full lattice strain tensor from samples containing multiple dislocations. These capabilities open the door to BCDI as a microscopy tool for studying complex real-world materials.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.013801},
journal = {Physical Review Materials},
number = 1,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {1}
}

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