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Title: Colloquium : Neutrino detectors as tools for nuclear security

Abstract

For over 40 years, physicists have discussed possible uses for neutrino detectors in nuclear nonproliferation, arms control, and fissile materials security. Neutrinos are an attractive fission signature because they readily pass through matter. The same property makes neutrinos challenging to detect in systems that would be practical for nuclear security applications. This Colloquium presents a broad overview of several potential neutrino applications, including the near-field monitoring of known reactors, far-field monitoring of known or discovery of undeclared reactors, detection of reactor waste streams, and detection of nuclear explosions. Recent detector advances have made near-field monitoring feasible, whereas farther-field reactor detection and waste stream detection monitoring may be possible in some cases with further research and development. Very long-range reactor monitoring and nuclear explosion detection do not seem feasible for the foreseeable future due to considerable physical and/or practical constraints.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Nuclear and Chemical Sciences Division
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering
  3. Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States). Center for Neutrino Physics
  4. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences
  5. North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Univ. (Virginia Tech), Blacksburg, VA (United States); North Carolina State Univ., Raleigh, NC (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Nonproliferation and Verification Research and Development (NA-22); Nuclear Science and Security Consortium; Consortium for Verification Technology; Consortium for Nonproliferation Enabling Capabilities; Consortium for Monitoring, Technology and Verification; USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1616453
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1604500; OSTI ID: 1623341
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-784940
Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6861; RMPHAT; 7347633668
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003920; AC52-07NA27344; NA0003180; NA0002534; SC0018327; NA0002576
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Reviews of Modern Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 92; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6861
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 98 NUCLEAR DISARMAMENT, SAFEGUARDS, AND PHYSICAL PROTECTION; 42 ENGINEERING

Citation Formats

Bernstein, Adam, Bowden, Nathaniel, Goldblum, Bethany L., Huber, Patrick, Jovanovic, Igor, and Mattingly, John. Colloquium : Neutrino detectors as tools for nuclear security. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/RevModPhys.92.011003.
Bernstein, Adam, Bowden, Nathaniel, Goldblum, Bethany L., Huber, Patrick, Jovanovic, Igor, & Mattingly, John. Colloquium : Neutrino detectors as tools for nuclear security. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.92.011003
Bernstein, Adam, Bowden, Nathaniel, Goldblum, Bethany L., Huber, Patrick, Jovanovic, Igor, and Mattingly, John. Thu . "Colloquium : Neutrino detectors as tools for nuclear security". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.92.011003. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1616453.
@article{osti_1616453,
title = {Colloquium : Neutrino detectors as tools for nuclear security},
author = {Bernstein, Adam and Bowden, Nathaniel and Goldblum, Bethany L. and Huber, Patrick and Jovanovic, Igor and Mattingly, John},
abstractNote = {For over 40 years, physicists have discussed possible uses for neutrino detectors in nuclear nonproliferation, arms control, and fissile materials security. Neutrinos are an attractive fission signature because they readily pass through matter. The same property makes neutrinos challenging to detect in systems that would be practical for nuclear security applications. This Colloquium presents a broad overview of several potential neutrino applications, including the near-field monitoring of known reactors, far-field monitoring of known or discovery of undeclared reactors, detection of reactor waste streams, and detection of nuclear explosions. Recent detector advances have made near-field monitoring feasible, whereas farther-field reactor detection and waste stream detection monitoring may be possible in some cases with further research and development. Very long-range reactor monitoring and nuclear explosion detection do not seem feasible for the foreseeable future due to considerable physical and/or practical constraints.},
doi = {10.1103/RevModPhys.92.011003},
journal = {Reviews of Modern Physics},
number = 1,
volume = 92,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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