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Title: An All-Ceramic, Anisotropic, and Flexible Aerogel Insulation Material

Abstract

To exploit the high-temperature superinsulation potential of anisotropic thermal management materials, the incorporation of ceramic aerogel into the aligned structural networks is indispensable. However, the long-standing obstacle to exploring ultralight superinsulation ceramic aerogels is the inaccessibility of its mechanical elasticity, stability, and anisotropic thermal insulation. In this study, we report a recoverable, flexible ceramic fiber-aerogel composite with anisotropic lamellar structure, where the interfacial cross-linking between ceramic fiber and aerogel is important in its superinsulation performance. The resulting ultralight aerogel composite exhibits a density of 0.05 g/cm3, large strain recovery (over 50%), and low thermal conductivity (0.0224 W m–1 K–1), while its hydrophobicity is achieved by in situ trichlorosilane coating with the water contact angle of 135°. The hygroscopic tests of such aerogel composites demonstrate a reversible thermal insulation. The mechanical elasticity and stability of the anisotropic composites, with its soundproof performance, shed light on the low-cost superelastic aerogel manufacturing with scalability for energy saving building applications.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [1]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [1];  [4];  [1]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Buffalo, NY (United States)
  2. Unifrax Inc., Tonawanda, NY (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  4. State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Buffalo, NY (United States); Nanjing Univ. of Aeronautics and Astronautics (China)
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
State Univ. of New York (SUNY), Buffalo, NY (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Energy Efficiency Office. Building Technologies Office
OSTI Identifier:
1616276
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1649195
Grant/Contract Number:  
EE0008675; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 1530-6984
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; energy sustainability; anisotropic thermal insulation; flexibility manufacturing; thermal conductivity; nanofibers; fibers; silica; aerogels

Citation Formats

An, Lu, Wang, Jieyu, Petit, Donald, Armstrong, Jason N., Hanson, Karen, Hamilton, Jason, Souza, Mauricio, Zhao, Donghui, Li, Changning, Liu, Yuzi, Huang, Yulong, Hu, Yong, Li, Zheng, Shao, Zefan, Desjarlais, André Omer, and Ren, Shenqiang. An All-Ceramic, Anisotropic, and Flexible Aerogel Insulation Material. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c00917.
An, Lu, Wang, Jieyu, Petit, Donald, Armstrong, Jason N., Hanson, Karen, Hamilton, Jason, Souza, Mauricio, Zhao, Donghui, Li, Changning, Liu, Yuzi, Huang, Yulong, Hu, Yong, Li, Zheng, Shao, Zefan, Desjarlais, André Omer, & Ren, Shenqiang. An All-Ceramic, Anisotropic, and Flexible Aerogel Insulation Material. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c00917
An, Lu, Wang, Jieyu, Petit, Donald, Armstrong, Jason N., Hanson, Karen, Hamilton, Jason, Souza, Mauricio, Zhao, Donghui, Li, Changning, Liu, Yuzi, Huang, Yulong, Hu, Yong, Li, Zheng, Shao, Zefan, Desjarlais, André Omer, and Ren, Shenqiang. Wed . "An All-Ceramic, Anisotropic, and Flexible Aerogel Insulation Material". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c00917. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1616276.
@article{osti_1616276,
title = {An All-Ceramic, Anisotropic, and Flexible Aerogel Insulation Material},
author = {An, Lu and Wang, Jieyu and Petit, Donald and Armstrong, Jason N. and Hanson, Karen and Hamilton, Jason and Souza, Mauricio and Zhao, Donghui and Li, Changning and Liu, Yuzi and Huang, Yulong and Hu, Yong and Li, Zheng and Shao, Zefan and Desjarlais, André Omer and Ren, Shenqiang},
abstractNote = {To exploit the high-temperature superinsulation potential of anisotropic thermal management materials, the incorporation of ceramic aerogel into the aligned structural networks is indispensable. However, the long-standing obstacle to exploring ultralight superinsulation ceramic aerogels is the inaccessibility of its mechanical elasticity, stability, and anisotropic thermal insulation. In this study, we report a recoverable, flexible ceramic fiber-aerogel composite with anisotropic lamellar structure, where the interfacial cross-linking between ceramic fiber and aerogel is important in its superinsulation performance. The resulting ultralight aerogel composite exhibits a density of 0.05 g/cm3, large strain recovery (over 50%), and low thermal conductivity (0.0224 W m–1 K–1), while its hydrophobicity is achieved by in situ trichlorosilane coating with the water contact angle of 135°. The hygroscopic tests of such aerogel composites demonstrate a reversible thermal insulation. The mechanical elasticity and stability of the anisotropic composites, with its soundproof performance, shed light on the low-cost superelastic aerogel manufacturing with scalability for energy saving building applications.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c00917},
journal = {Nano Letters},
number = 5,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {4}
}

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