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Title: AEDGE: Atomic Experiment for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration in Space

Abstract

We propose in this White Paper a concept for a space experiment using cold atoms to search for ultra-light dark matter, and to detect gravitational waves in the frequency range between the most sensitive ranges of LISA and the terrestrial LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA/INDIGO experiments. This interdisciplinary experiment, called Atomic Experiment for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration (AEDGE), will also complement other planned searches for dark matter, and exploit synergies with other gravitational wave detectors. We give examples of the extended range of sensitivity to ultra-light dark matter offered by AEDGE, and how its gravitational-wave measurements could explore the assembly of super-massive black holes, first-order phase transitions in the early universe and cosmic strings. AEDGE will be based upon technologies now being developed for terrestrial experiments using cold atoms, and will benefit from the space experience obtained with, e.g., LISA and cold atom experiments in microgravity. This paper is based on a submission (v1) in response to the Call for White Papers for the Voyage 2050 long-term plan in the ESA Science Programme. ESA limited the number of White Paper authors to 30. However, in this version (v2) we have welcomed as supporting authors participants in the Workshop on Atomic Experiments for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration held at CERN: ($${\tt https://indico.cern.ch/event/830432/}$$), as well as other interested scientists, and have incorporated additional material.

Authors:
;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP)
Contributing Org.:
AEDGE Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1616022
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; FERMILAB-PUB-19-698-V; arXiv:1908.00802; KCL-PH-TH/2019-65; CERN-TH-2019-126
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
EPJ quantum technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2196-0763
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

El-Neaj, Yousef Abou, and et al. AEDGE: Atomic Experiment for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration in Space. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1140/epjqt/s40507-020-0080-0.
El-Neaj, Yousef Abou, & et al. AEDGE: Atomic Experiment for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration in Space. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1140/epjqt/s40507-020-0080-0
El-Neaj, Yousef Abou, and et al. Wed . "AEDGE: Atomic Experiment for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration in Space". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1140/epjqt/s40507-020-0080-0. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1616022.
@article{osti_1616022,
title = {AEDGE: Atomic Experiment for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration in Space},
author = {El-Neaj, Yousef Abou and et al.},
abstractNote = {We propose in this White Paper a concept for a space experiment using cold atoms to search for ultra-light dark matter, and to detect gravitational waves in the frequency range between the most sensitive ranges of LISA and the terrestrial LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA/INDIGO experiments. This interdisciplinary experiment, called Atomic Experiment for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration (AEDGE), will also complement other planned searches for dark matter, and exploit synergies with other gravitational wave detectors. We give examples of the extended range of sensitivity to ultra-light dark matter offered by AEDGE, and how its gravitational-wave measurements could explore the assembly of super-massive black holes, first-order phase transitions in the early universe and cosmic strings. AEDGE will be based upon technologies now being developed for terrestrial experiments using cold atoms, and will benefit from the space experience obtained with, e.g., LISA and cold atom experiments in microgravity. This paper is based on a submission (v1) in response to the Call for White Papers for the Voyage 2050 long-term plan in the ESA Science Programme. ESA limited the number of White Paper authors to 30. However, in this version (v2) we have welcomed as supporting authors participants in the Workshop on Atomic Experiments for Dark Matter and Gravity Exploration held at CERN: (${\tt https://indico.cern.ch/event/830432/}$), as well as other interested scientists, and have incorporated additional material.},
doi = {10.1140/epjqt/s40507-020-0080-0},
journal = {EPJ quantum technology},
number = 6,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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