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Title: Open Science principles for accelerating trait-based science across the Tree of Life

Abstract

Synthesizing trait observations and knowledge across the Tree of Life remains a grand challenge for biodiversity science. Species traits are widely used in ecological and evolutionary science, and new data and methods have proliferated rapidly. Yet accessing and integrating disparate data sources remains a considerable challenge, slowing progress toward a global synthesis to integrate trait data across organisms. Trait science needs a vision for achieving global integration across all organisms. In this perspective, we outline how the adoption of key Open Science principles—open data, open source and open methods—is transforming trait science, increasing transparency, democratizing access and accelerating global synthesis. To enhance widespread adoption of these principles, we introduce the Open Traits Network (OTN), a global, decentralized community welcoming all researchers and institutions pursuing the collaborative goal of standardizing and integrating trait data across organisms. We demonstrate how adherence to Open Science principles is key to the OTN community and outline five activities that can accelerate the synthesis of trait data across the Tree of Life, thereby facilitating rapid advances to address scientific inquiries and environmental issues. Lessons learned along the path to a global synthesis of trait data will provide a framework for addressing similarly complex data science andmore » informatics challenges.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER); Australian Research Council (ARC); Natural Environment Research Council (NERC); National Science Foundation (NSF); USDA Forest Service; German Research Foundation (DFG); Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF); National Museum of Natural History; Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP); Leverhulme Trust; Oxford Martin School Fellowship
Contributing Org.:
Open Traits Network (OTN)
OSTI Identifier:
1615823
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; DEB0133974; HDR1934790; EF1065844
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Ecology and Evolution
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2397-334X
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Biodiversity; Evolutionary ecology

Citation Formats

Gallagher, Rachael V., Falster, Daniel S., Maitner, Brian S., Salguero-Gómez, Roberto, Vandvik, Vigdis, Pearse, William D., Schneider, Florian D., Kattge, Jens, Poelen, Jorrit H., Madin, Joshua S., Ankenbrand, Markus J., Penone, Caterina, Feng, Xiao, Adams, Vanessa M., Alroy, John, Andrew, Samuel C., Balk, Meghan A., Bland, Lucie M., Boyle, Brad L., Bravo-Avila, Catherine H., Brennan, Ian, Carthey, Alexandra J. R., Catullo, Renee, Cavazos, Brittany R., Conde, Dalia A., Chown, Steven L., Fadrique, Belen, Gibb, Heloise, Halbritter, Aud H., Hammock, Jennifer, Hogan, J. Aaron, Holewa, Hamish, Hope, Michael, Iversen, Colleen M., Jochum, Malte, Kearney, Michael, Keller, Alexander, Mabee, Paula, Manning, Peter, McCormack, Luke, Michaletz, Sean T., Park, Daniel S., Perez, Timothy M., Pineda-Munoz, Silvia, Ray, Courtenay A., Rossetto, Maurizio, Sauquet, Hervé, Sparrow, Benjamin, Spasojevic, Marko J., Telford, Richard J., Tobias, Joseph A., Violle, Cyrille, Walls, Ramona, Weiss, Katherine C. B., Westoby, Mark, Wright, Ian J., and Enquist, Brian J. Open Science principles for accelerating trait-based science across the Tree of Life. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1038/s41559-020-1109-6.
Gallagher, Rachael V., Falster, Daniel S., Maitner, Brian S., Salguero-Gómez, Roberto, Vandvik, Vigdis, Pearse, William D., Schneider, Florian D., Kattge, Jens, Poelen, Jorrit H., Madin, Joshua S., Ankenbrand, Markus J., Penone, Caterina, Feng, Xiao, Adams, Vanessa M., Alroy, John, Andrew, Samuel C., Balk, Meghan A., Bland, Lucie M., Boyle, Brad L., Bravo-Avila, Catherine H., Brennan, Ian, Carthey, Alexandra J. R., Catullo, Renee, Cavazos, Brittany R., Conde, Dalia A., Chown, Steven L., Fadrique, Belen, Gibb, Heloise, Halbritter, Aud H., Hammock, Jennifer, Hogan, J. Aaron, Holewa, Hamish, Hope, Michael, Iversen, Colleen M., Jochum, Malte, Kearney, Michael, Keller, Alexander, Mabee, Paula, Manning, Peter, McCormack, Luke, Michaletz, Sean T., Park, Daniel S., Perez, Timothy M., Pineda-Munoz, Silvia, Ray, Courtenay A., Rossetto, Maurizio, Sauquet, Hervé, Sparrow, Benjamin, Spasojevic, Marko J., Telford, Richard J., Tobias, Joseph A., Violle, Cyrille, Walls, Ramona, Weiss, Katherine C. B., Westoby, Mark, Wright, Ian J., & Enquist, Brian J. Open Science principles for accelerating trait-based science across the Tree of Life. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-020-1109-6
Gallagher, Rachael V., Falster, Daniel S., Maitner, Brian S., Salguero-Gómez, Roberto, Vandvik, Vigdis, Pearse, William D., Schneider, Florian D., Kattge, Jens, Poelen, Jorrit H., Madin, Joshua S., Ankenbrand, Markus J., Penone, Caterina, Feng, Xiao, Adams, Vanessa M., Alroy, John, Andrew, Samuel C., Balk, Meghan A., Bland, Lucie M., Boyle, Brad L., Bravo-Avila, Catherine H., Brennan, Ian, Carthey, Alexandra J. R., Catullo, Renee, Cavazos, Brittany R., Conde, Dalia A., Chown, Steven L., Fadrique, Belen, Gibb, Heloise, Halbritter, Aud H., Hammock, Jennifer, Hogan, J. Aaron, Holewa, Hamish, Hope, Michael, Iversen, Colleen M., Jochum, Malte, Kearney, Michael, Keller, Alexander, Mabee, Paula, Manning, Peter, McCormack, Luke, Michaletz, Sean T., Park, Daniel S., Perez, Timothy M., Pineda-Munoz, Silvia, Ray, Courtenay A., Rossetto, Maurizio, Sauquet, Hervé, Sparrow, Benjamin, Spasojevic, Marko J., Telford, Richard J., Tobias, Joseph A., Violle, Cyrille, Walls, Ramona, Weiss, Katherine C. B., Westoby, Mark, Wright, Ian J., and Enquist, Brian J. Mon . "Open Science principles for accelerating trait-based science across the Tree of Life". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-020-1109-6. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1615823.
@article{osti_1615823,
title = {Open Science principles for accelerating trait-based science across the Tree of Life},
author = {Gallagher, Rachael V. and Falster, Daniel S. and Maitner, Brian S. and Salguero-Gómez, Roberto and Vandvik, Vigdis and Pearse, William D. and Schneider, Florian D. and Kattge, Jens and Poelen, Jorrit H. and Madin, Joshua S. and Ankenbrand, Markus J. and Penone, Caterina and Feng, Xiao and Adams, Vanessa M. and Alroy, John and Andrew, Samuel C. and Balk, Meghan A. and Bland, Lucie M. and Boyle, Brad L. and Bravo-Avila, Catherine H. and Brennan, Ian and Carthey, Alexandra J. R. and Catullo, Renee and Cavazos, Brittany R. and Conde, Dalia A. and Chown, Steven L. and Fadrique, Belen and Gibb, Heloise and Halbritter, Aud H. and Hammock, Jennifer and Hogan, J. Aaron and Holewa, Hamish and Hope, Michael and Iversen, Colleen M. and Jochum, Malte and Kearney, Michael and Keller, Alexander and Mabee, Paula and Manning, Peter and McCormack, Luke and Michaletz, Sean T. and Park, Daniel S. and Perez, Timothy M. and Pineda-Munoz, Silvia and Ray, Courtenay A. and Rossetto, Maurizio and Sauquet, Hervé and Sparrow, Benjamin and Spasojevic, Marko J. and Telford, Richard J. and Tobias, Joseph A. and Violle, Cyrille and Walls, Ramona and Weiss, Katherine C. B. and Westoby, Mark and Wright, Ian J. and Enquist, Brian J.},
abstractNote = {Synthesizing trait observations and knowledge across the Tree of Life remains a grand challenge for biodiversity science. Species traits are widely used in ecological and evolutionary science, and new data and methods have proliferated rapidly. Yet accessing and integrating disparate data sources remains a considerable challenge, slowing progress toward a global synthesis to integrate trait data across organisms. Trait science needs a vision for achieving global integration across all organisms. In this perspective, we outline how the adoption of key Open Science principles—open data, open source and open methods—is transforming trait science, increasing transparency, democratizing access and accelerating global synthesis. To enhance widespread adoption of these principles, we introduce the Open Traits Network (OTN), a global, decentralized community welcoming all researchers and institutions pursuing the collaborative goal of standardizing and integrating trait data across organisms. We demonstrate how adherence to Open Science principles is key to the OTN community and outline five activities that can accelerate the synthesis of trait data across the Tree of Life, thereby facilitating rapid advances to address scientific inquiries and environmental issues. Lessons learned along the path to a global synthesis of trait data will provide a framework for addressing similarly complex data science and informatics challenges.},
doi = {10.1038/s41559-020-1109-6},
journal = {Nature Ecology and Evolution},
number = 3,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {2}
}

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Maximizing the Value of Ecological Data with Structured Metadata: An Introduction to Ecological Metadata Language (EML) and Principles for Metadata Creation
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