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Title: High Rate of Non-Human Feeding by Aedes aegypti Reduces Zika Virus Transmission in South Texas

Abstract

Mosquito-borne viruses are emerging or re-emerging globally, afflicting millions of people around the world. Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, is the principal vector of dengue, Zika, and chikungunya viruses, and has well-established populations across tropical and subtropical urban areas of the Americas, including the southern United States. While intense arboviral epidemics have occurred in Mexico and further south in the Americas, local transmission in the United States has been minimal. Here, we study Ae. aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus host feeding patterns and vertebrate host communities in residential environments of South Texas to identify host-utilization relative to availability. Only 31% of Ae. aegypti blood meals were derived from humans, while 50% were from dogs and 19% from other wild and domestic animals. In Cx. quinquefasciatus, 67% of blood meals were derived from chicken, 22% came from dogs, 9% from various wild avian species, and 2% from other mammals including one human, one cat, and one pig. We developed a model for the reproductive number, R0, for Zika virus (ZIKV) in South Texas relative to northern Mexico using human disease data from Tamaulipas, Mexico. We show that ZIKV R0 in South Texas communities could be greater than one if the riskmore » of human exposure to Ae. aegypti bites in these communities is at least 60% that of Northern Mexico communities. The high utilization of non-human vertebrates and low risk of human exposure in South Texas diminishes the outbreak potential for human-amplified urban arboviruses transmitted by Ae. aegypti.« less

Authors:
; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ORCiD logo more »; ; ORCiD logo « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); National Institutes of Health (NIH); Texas A & M Univ.; CONACyT-MEXBOL; IPN; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
OSTI Identifier:
1615681
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1769084
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-809064
Journal ID: ISSN 1999-4915; PII: v12040453
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344; R21AI128953; K01AI128005; 295569; SIP-20181120; SIP-20195706; U01CK000512; 200-2017-93141
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Viruses
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Viruses Journal Volume: 12 Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1999-4915
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
Switzerland
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; Zika virus; Aedes aegypti; Culex quinquefasciatus; host selection; reproductive number

Citation Formats

Olson, Mark F., Ndeffo-Mbah, Martial L., Juarez, Jose G., Garcia-Luna, Selene, Martin, Estelle, Borucki, Monica K., Frank, Matthias, Estrada-Franco, José Guillermo, Rodríguez-Pérez, Mario A., Fernández-Santos, Nadia A., Molina-Gamboa, Gloria Jesús, Carmona Aguirre, Santos Daniel, Reyes-Berrones, Bernardita Lourdes, Cortés-De la cruz, Luis Javier, García-Barrientos, Alejandro, Huidobro-Guevara, Raúl E., Brussolo-Ceballos, Regina M., Ramirez, Josue, Salazar, Aaron, Chaves, Luis F., Badillo-Vargas, Ismael E., and Hamer, Gabriel L. High Rate of Non-Human Feeding by Aedes aegypti Reduces Zika Virus Transmission in South Texas. Switzerland: N. p., 2020. Web. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12040453.
Olson, Mark F., Ndeffo-Mbah, Martial L., Juarez, Jose G., Garcia-Luna, Selene, Martin, Estelle, Borucki, Monica K., Frank, Matthias, Estrada-Franco, José Guillermo, Rodríguez-Pérez, Mario A., Fernández-Santos, Nadia A., Molina-Gamboa, Gloria Jesús, Carmona Aguirre, Santos Daniel, Reyes-Berrones, Bernardita Lourdes, Cortés-De la cruz, Luis Javier, García-Barrientos, Alejandro, Huidobro-Guevara, Raúl E., Brussolo-Ceballos, Regina M., Ramirez, Josue, Salazar, Aaron, Chaves, Luis F., Badillo-Vargas, Ismael E., & Hamer, Gabriel L. High Rate of Non-Human Feeding by Aedes aegypti Reduces Zika Virus Transmission in South Texas. Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12040453
Olson, Mark F., Ndeffo-Mbah, Martial L., Juarez, Jose G., Garcia-Luna, Selene, Martin, Estelle, Borucki, Monica K., Frank, Matthias, Estrada-Franco, José Guillermo, Rodríguez-Pérez, Mario A., Fernández-Santos, Nadia A., Molina-Gamboa, Gloria Jesús, Carmona Aguirre, Santos Daniel, Reyes-Berrones, Bernardita Lourdes, Cortés-De la cruz, Luis Javier, García-Barrientos, Alejandro, Huidobro-Guevara, Raúl E., Brussolo-Ceballos, Regina M., Ramirez, Josue, Salazar, Aaron, Chaves, Luis F., Badillo-Vargas, Ismael E., and Hamer, Gabriel L. Fri . "High Rate of Non-Human Feeding by Aedes aegypti Reduces Zika Virus Transmission in South Texas". Switzerland. https://doi.org/10.3390/v12040453.
@article{osti_1615681,
title = {High Rate of Non-Human Feeding by Aedes aegypti Reduces Zika Virus Transmission in South Texas},
author = {Olson, Mark F. and Ndeffo-Mbah, Martial L. and Juarez, Jose G. and Garcia-Luna, Selene and Martin, Estelle and Borucki, Monica K. and Frank, Matthias and Estrada-Franco, José Guillermo and Rodríguez-Pérez, Mario A. and Fernández-Santos, Nadia A. and Molina-Gamboa, Gloria Jesús and Carmona Aguirre, Santos Daniel and Reyes-Berrones, Bernardita Lourdes and Cortés-De la cruz, Luis Javier and García-Barrientos, Alejandro and Huidobro-Guevara, Raúl E. and Brussolo-Ceballos, Regina M. and Ramirez, Josue and Salazar, Aaron and Chaves, Luis F. and Badillo-Vargas, Ismael E. and Hamer, Gabriel L.},
abstractNote = {Mosquito-borne viruses are emerging or re-emerging globally, afflicting millions of people around the world. Aedes aegypti, the yellow fever mosquito, is the principal vector of dengue, Zika, and chikungunya viruses, and has well-established populations across tropical and subtropical urban areas of the Americas, including the southern United States. While intense arboviral epidemics have occurred in Mexico and further south in the Americas, local transmission in the United States has been minimal. Here, we study Ae. aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus host feeding patterns and vertebrate host communities in residential environments of South Texas to identify host-utilization relative to availability. Only 31% of Ae. aegypti blood meals were derived from humans, while 50% were from dogs and 19% from other wild and domestic animals. In Cx. quinquefasciatus, 67% of blood meals were derived from chicken, 22% came from dogs, 9% from various wild avian species, and 2% from other mammals including one human, one cat, and one pig. We developed a model for the reproductive number, R0, for Zika virus (ZIKV) in South Texas relative to northern Mexico using human disease data from Tamaulipas, Mexico. We show that ZIKV R0 in South Texas communities could be greater than one if the risk of human exposure to Ae. aegypti bites in these communities is at least 60% that of Northern Mexico communities. The high utilization of non-human vertebrates and low risk of human exposure in South Texas diminishes the outbreak potential for human-amplified urban arboviruses transmitted by Ae. aegypti.},
doi = {10.3390/v12040453},
journal = {Viruses},
number = 4,
volume = 12,
place = {Switzerland},
year = {2020},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
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https://doi.org/10.3390/v12040453

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