skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Efficient Electrocatalytic Synthesis of Ammonia from Water and Air in a Membrane‐Free Cell: Confining the Iron Oxide Catalyst to the Cathode

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Department of Chemistry The George Washington University Washington DC 20052 USA
Publication Date:
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1615143
Resource Type:
Publisher's Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry Journal Volume: 2020 Journal Issue: 15-16; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-1948
Publisher:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Country of Publication:
Germany
Language:
English

Citation Formats

Liu, Xinye, Li, Fang‐Fang, Peng, Ping, Licht, Gad, and Licht, Stuart. Efficient Electrocatalytic Synthesis of Ammonia from Water and Air in a Membrane‐Free Cell: Confining the Iron Oxide Catalyst to the Cathode. Germany: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201900667.
Liu, Xinye, Li, Fang‐Fang, Peng, Ping, Licht, Gad, & Licht, Stuart. Efficient Electrocatalytic Synthesis of Ammonia from Water and Air in a Membrane‐Free Cell: Confining the Iron Oxide Catalyst to the Cathode. Germany. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201900667
Liu, Xinye, Li, Fang‐Fang, Peng, Ping, Licht, Gad, and Licht, Stuart. Wed . "Efficient Electrocatalytic Synthesis of Ammonia from Water and Air in a Membrane‐Free Cell: Confining the Iron Oxide Catalyst to the Cathode". Germany. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201900667.
@article{osti_1615143,
title = {Efficient Electrocatalytic Synthesis of Ammonia from Water and Air in a Membrane‐Free Cell: Confining the Iron Oxide Catalyst to the Cathode},
author = {Liu, Xinye and Li, Fang‐Fang and Peng, Ping and Licht, Gad and Licht, Stuart},
abstractNote = {},
doi = {10.1002/ejic.201900667},
journal = {European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry},
number = 15-16,
volume = 2020,
place = {Germany},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1002/ejic.201900667

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Chemical mechanism of the high solubility pathway for the carbon dioxide free production of iron
journal, January 2011

  • Licht, Stuart; Wu, Hongjun; Zhang, Zhonghai
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 47, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0cc05581f

Elementarschritte bei der heterogenen Katalyse
journal, November 1990


Carbon Nanotubes Produced from Ambient Carbon Dioxide for Environmentally Sustainable Lithium-Ion and Sodium-Ion Battery Anodes
journal, March 2016


Electrocatalytic Nitrogen Reduction to Ammonia by Fe 2 O 3 Nanorod Array on Carbon Cloth
journal, May 2019


Electrochemical synthesis of ammonia directly from N 2 and water over iron-based catalysts supported on activated carbon
journal, January 2017

  • Cui, Baochen; Zhang, Jianhua; Liu, Shuzhi
  • Green Chemistry, Vol. 19, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6GC02386J

The Minimum Electrolytic Energy Needed To Convert Carbon Dioxide to Carbon by Electrolysis in Carbonate Melts
journal, October 2015

  • Ren, Jiawen; Lau, Jason; Lefler, Matthew
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 119, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b07026

Au Sub-Nanoclusters on TiO 2 toward Highly Efficient and Selective Electrocatalyst for N 2 Conversion to NH 3 at Ambient Conditions
journal, February 2017


Non-catalyzed one-step synthesis of ammonia from atmospheric air and water
journal, January 2016

  • Haruyama, Tetsuya; Namise, Takamitsu; Shimoshimizu, Naoya
  • Green Chemistry, Vol. 18, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6GC01560C

Elementary Steps in Heterogeneous Catalysis
journal, November 1990

  • Ertl, Gerhard
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition in English, Vol. 29, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.199012191

STEP Iron, a Chemistry of Iron Formation without CO 2 Emission: Molten Carbonate Solubility and Electrochemistry of Iron Ore Impurities
journal, November 2011

  • Licht, Stuart; Wu, Hongjun
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 115, Issue 50
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp2078715

One-Pot Synthesis of Carbon Nanofibers from CO 2
journal, August 2015


Galvanic deposition of Rh and Ru on randomly structured Ti felts for the electrochemical NH 3 synthesis
journal, January 2015

  • Kugler, Kurt; Luhn, Mareike; Schramm, Jean André
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CP05501B

Electrolytic Synthesis of Ammonia in Molten Salts under Atmospheric Pressure
journal, January 2003

  • Murakami, Tsuyoshi; Nishikiori, Tokujiro; Nohira, Toshiyuki
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 125, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja028891t

Ammonia synthesis at low temperatures
journal, March 2000

  • Rod, T. H.; Logadottir, A.; Nørskov, J. K.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 112, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.481103

Electrochemical synthesis of ammonia from wet nitrogen using La 0.6 Sr 0.4 FeO 3−δ –Ce 0.8 Gd 0.18 Ca 0.02 O 2−δ composite cathode
journal, January 2014

  • Amar, Ibrahim A.; Petit, Christophe T. G.; Lan, Rong
  • RSC Adv., Vol. 4, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4RA02090A

Electrochemical Synthesis of NH 3 at Low Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure Using a γ-Fe 2 O 3 Catalyst
journal, October 2017


STEP cement: Solar Thermal Electrochemical Production of CaO without CO2 emission
journal, January 2012

  • Licht, Stuart; Wu, Hongjun; Hettige, Chaminda
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 48, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1039/c2cc31341c

Boosting electrocatalytic N 2 reduction to NH 3 on β-FeOOH by fluorine doping
journal, January 2019

  • Zhu, Xiaojuan; Liu, Zaichun; Wang, Huanbo
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 55, Issue 27
  • DOI: 10.1039/C9CC00647H

Electrocatalytic synthesis of ammonia from steam and nitrogen at atmospheric pressure
journal, October 2009


Co-production of cement and carbon nanotubes with a carbon negative footprint
journal, March 2017


Electro-synthesis of ammonia from nitrogen at ambient temperature and pressure in ionic liquids
journal, January 2017

  • Zhou, Fengling; Azofra, Luis Miguel; Ali, Muataz
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 10, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7EE02716H

Ammonia Synthesis from Electrocatalytic N 2 Reduction under Ambient Conditions by Fe 2 O 3 Nanorods
journal, September 2018


Developing more sustainable processes for ammonia synthesis
journal, September 2013

  • Tanabe, Yoshiaki; Nishibayashi, Yoshiaki
  • Coordination Chemistry Reviews, Vol. 257, Issue 17-18
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.ccr.2013.02.010

Electroreduction of nitrogen to ammonia on gas-diffusion electrodes modified by metal phthalocyanines
journal, November 1989

  • Furuya, Nagakazu; Yoshiba, Hiroshi
  • Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry and Interfacial Electrochemistry, Vol. 272, Issue 1-2
  • DOI: 10.1016/0022-0728(89)87086-X

Solid-state electrochemical synthesis of ammonia: a review
journal, April 2011

  • Amar, Ibrahim A.; Lan, Rong; Petit, Christophe T. G.
  • Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, Vol. 15, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10008-011-1376-x

Electrochemical nitrogen reduction to ammonia under mild conditions enabled by a polymer gel electrolyte
journal, January 2018

  • Sheets, Benjamin L.; Botte, Gerardine G.
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 54, Issue 34
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8CC00657A

A New Solar Carbon Capture Process: Solar Thermal Electrochemical Photo (STEP) Carbon Capture
journal, July 2010

  • Licht, Stuart; Wang, Baohui; Ghosh, Susanta
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 1, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1021/jz100829s

Electrochemical reduction of aqueous nitrogen (N 2 ) at a low overpotential on (110)-oriented Mo nanofilm
journal, January 2017

  • Yang, Dashuai; Chen, Ting; Wang, Zhijiang
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TA06139K

STEP carbon capture – The barium advantage
journal, September 2013


Catalytic performance of Ru, Os, and Rh nanoparticles for ammonia synthesis: A density functional theory analysis
journal, January 2018


Nafion 117 stability under conditions of PEM water electrolysis at elevated temperature and pressure
journal, January 2016


Review of electrochemical ammonia production technologies and materials
journal, November 2013


Electrochemical potential tuned solar water splitting
journal, January 2003

  • Licht, Stuart; Halperin, Leonid; Kalina, Michael
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1039/b309397b

Ammonia synthesis catalyst 100 years: Practice, enlightenment and challenge
journal, October 2014


Electrochemical hydrogenation of dinitrogen to ammonia on a polyaniline electrode
journal, February 2006


Sungas Instead of Syngas: Efficient Coproduction of CO and H 2 with a Single Beam of Sunlight
journal, October 2015


The Synthesis of Ammonia in the low Voltage arc
journal, August 1931

  • Brewer, A. Keith.; Miller, R. R.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 53, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja01359a018

Sustainable Electrochemical Synthesis of Large Grain- or Catalyst-Sized Iron
journal, June 2016

  • Li, Fang-Fang; Wang, Baohui; Licht, Stuart
  • Journal of Sustainable Metallurgy, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s40831-016-0062-8

Surfactant-free atomically ultrathin rhodium nanosheet nanoassemblies for efficient nitrogen electroreduction
journal, January 2018

  • Liu, Hui-Min; Han, Shu-He; Zhao, Yue
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TA10866D

Dissolution Behavior of Ammonia Electrosynthesized in Molten LiCl–KCl–CsCl System
journal, January 2012

  • Serizawa, Nobuyuki; Miyashiro, Hajime; Takei, Katsuhito
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 159, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.099204jes

Transformation of the greenhouse gas CO2 by molten electrolysis into a wide controlled selection of carbon nanotubes
journal, March 2017


Cathodic chemistry of high performance Zr coated alkaline materials
journal, January 2006

  • Licht, Stuart; Yu, Xingwen; Zheng, Dong
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 41
  • DOI: 10.1039/b608716g

Photolysis of Water and Photoreduction of Nitrogen on Titanium Dioxide
journal, October 1977

  • Schrauzer, G. N.; Guth, T. D.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 99, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00464a015

How does an amalgamated Ni cathode affect carbon nanotube growth? A density functional theory study
journal, January 2016

  • Dey, Gangotri; Ren, Jiawen; El-Ghazawi, Tarek
  • RSC Advances, Vol. 6, Issue 32
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6RA03460H

Electrolytic Synthesis of Ammonia from Water and Nitrogen under Atmospheric Pressure Using a Boron-Doped Diamond Electrode as a Nonconsumable Anode
journal, January 2007

  • Murakami, Tsuyoshi; Nohira, Toshiyuki; Araki, Yasuhiro
  • Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2437674

A New Technology for Efficient, High Yield Carbon Dioxide and Water Transformation to Methane by Electrolysis in Molten Salts
journal, July 2016

  • Wu, Hongjun; Ji, Deqiang; Li, Lili
  • Advanced Materials Technologies, Vol. 1, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/admt.201600092

High solubility pathway for the carbon dioxide free production of iron
journal, January 2010

  • Licht, Stuart; Wang, Baohui
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 46, Issue 37
  • DOI: 10.1039/c0cc01594f

Solar Water Splitting To Generate Hydrogen Fuel:  Photothermal Electrochemical Analysis
journal, May 2003

  • Licht, Stuart
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, Vol. 107, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp026964p

Efficient and durable N 2 reduction electrocatalysis under ambient conditions: β-FeOOH nanorods as a non-noble-metal catalyst
journal, January 2018

  • Zhu, Xiaojuan; Liu, Zaichun; Liu, Qin
  • Chemical Communications, Vol. 54, Issue 80
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8CC06366D

Electrochemical Synthesis of Ammonia: A Low Pressure, Low Temperature Approach
journal, January 2015

  • Renner, J. N.; Greenlee, L. F.; Ayres, K. E.
  • Interface magazine, Vol. 24, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.F04152if

Carbon nanotube wools made directly from CO2 by molten electrolysis: Value driven pathways to carbon dioxide greenhouse gas mitigation
journal, September 2017


Electrochemical synthesis of ammonia at atmospheric pressure and low temperature in a solid polymer electrolyte cell
journal, January 2000

  • Kordali, V.; Kyriacou, G.; Lambrou, Ch.
  • Chemical Communications, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1039/b004885m

Tracking airborne CO2 mitigation and low cost transformation into valuable carbon nanotubes
journal, June 2016

  • Ren, Jiawen; Licht, Stuart
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep27760

Thermodynamic assessment of CO2 to carbon nanofiber transformation for carbon sequestration in a combined cycle gas or a coal power plant
journal, August 2016


Development of novel low temperature and low pressure ammonia synthesis catalyst
journal, August 1996


Comparison of Alternative Molten Electrolytes for Water Splitting to Generate Hydrogen Fuel
journal, January 2016

  • Licht, Stuart; Liu, Shuzhi; Cui, Baochen
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0561610jes

Electrocatalytic Hydrogenation of N 2 to NH 3 by MnO: Experimental and Theoretical Investigations
journal, November 2018


Electronic and structural promotion of barium hexaaluminate as a ruthenium catalyst support for ammonia synthesis
journal, October 2007


Ti 3 C 2 T x (T = F, OH) MXene nanosheets: conductive 2D catalysts for ambient electrohydrogenation of N 2 to NH 3
journal, January 2018

  • Zhao, Jinxiu; Zhang, Lei; Xie, Xiao-Ying
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, Issue 47
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8TA09840A

Critical STEP advances for sustainable iron production
journal, January 2013


Insights into defective TiO 2 in electrocatalytic N 2 reduction: combining theoretical and experimental studies
journal, January 2019


Room-Temperature Electrocatalytic Synthesis of NH 3 from H 2 O and N 2 in a Gas–Liquid–Solid Three-Phase Reactor
journal, July 2017

  • Chen, Shiming; Perathoner, Siglinda; Ampelli, Claudio
  • ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, Vol. 5, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b01742

Ammonia synthesis by N2 and steam electrolysis in molten hydroxide suspensions of nanoscale Fe2O3
journal, August 2014


Communication—Electrochemical Reduction of Nitrogen to Ammonia in 2-Propanol under Ambient Temperature and Pressure
journal, January 2016

  • Kim, Kwiyong; Lee, Nara; Yoo, Chung-Yul
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0231607jes

Ammonia synthesis over ruthenium catalyst supported on perovskite type BaTiO3
journal, February 2013


Synthesis of ammonia directly from air and water at ambient temperature and pressure
journal, January 2013

  • Lan, Rong; Irvine, John T. S.; Tao, Shanwen
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 3, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep01145

Electrochemical Synthesis of Ammonia from Water and Nitrogen in Ethylenediamine under Ambient Temperature and Pressure
journal, January 2016

  • Kim, Kwiyong; Yoo, Chung-Yul; Kim, Jong-Nam
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0741614jes

Solar thermoelectric field plus photocatalysis for efficient organic synthesis exemplified by toluene to benzoic acid
journal, September 2016