skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Efficient, stable silicon tandem cells enabled by anion-engineered wide-bandgap perovskites

Abstract

Maximizing the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells that can exceed the Shockley-Queisser single-cell limit requires a high-performing, stable perovskite top cell with a wide bandgap. We developed a stable perovskite solar cell with a bandgap of ~1.7 electron volts that retained more than 80% of its initial PCE of 20.7% after 1000 hours of continuous illumination. Anion engineering of phenethylammonium-based two-dimensional (2D) additives was critical for controlling the structural and electrical properties of the 2D passivation layers based on a lead iodide framework. The high PCE of 26.7% of a monolithic two-terminal wide-bandgap perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell was made possible by the ideal combination of spectral responses of the top and bottom cells.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5];  [4]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [6]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon 34141, Republic of Korea.
  2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
  3. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Seoul National University, Seoul 08826, Republic of Korea.
  4. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA.
  5. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA., Materials Science and Engineering Program, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.
  6. Department of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea.
  7. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA., Department of Physics, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA., Renewable and Sustainable Energy Institute, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA.
  8. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Golden, CO 80401, USA., Department of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Renewable Power Office. Solar Energy Technologies Office; National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF); Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP); Ministry of Trade Industry & Energy (MOTIE) (Korea); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1615092
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1659925
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-76076
Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075; /sci/368/6487/155.atom
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; NRF-2018R1A5A1025594; 2020R1A2C3008111; 20183010014470; 20193091010310; 2018M3A7B4065662; 2019M3D1A2104109; ECCS-1542205; DMR-1720139
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Science Journal Volume: 368 Journal Issue: 6487; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; silicon solar cells; tandem cells; perovskites

Citation Formats

Kim, Daehan, Jung, Hee Joon, Park, Ik Jae, Larson, Bryon W., Dunfield, Sean P., Xiao, Chuanxiao, Kim, Jekyung, Tong, Jinhui, Boonmongkolras, Passarut, Ji, Su Geun, Zhang, Fei, Pae, Seong Ryul, Kim, Minkyu, Kang, Seok Beom, Dravid, Vinayak, Berry, Joseph J., Kim, Jin Young, Zhu, Kai, Kim, Dong Hoe, and Shin, Byungha. Efficient, stable silicon tandem cells enabled by anion-engineered wide-bandgap perovskites. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aba3433.
Kim, Daehan, Jung, Hee Joon, Park, Ik Jae, Larson, Bryon W., Dunfield, Sean P., Xiao, Chuanxiao, Kim, Jekyung, Tong, Jinhui, Boonmongkolras, Passarut, Ji, Su Geun, Zhang, Fei, Pae, Seong Ryul, Kim, Minkyu, Kang, Seok Beom, Dravid, Vinayak, Berry, Joseph J., Kim, Jin Young, Zhu, Kai, Kim, Dong Hoe, & Shin, Byungha. Efficient, stable silicon tandem cells enabled by anion-engineered wide-bandgap perovskites. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aba3433
Kim, Daehan, Jung, Hee Joon, Park, Ik Jae, Larson, Bryon W., Dunfield, Sean P., Xiao, Chuanxiao, Kim, Jekyung, Tong, Jinhui, Boonmongkolras, Passarut, Ji, Su Geun, Zhang, Fei, Pae, Seong Ryul, Kim, Minkyu, Kang, Seok Beom, Dravid, Vinayak, Berry, Joseph J., Kim, Jin Young, Zhu, Kai, Kim, Dong Hoe, and Shin, Byungha. Thu . "Efficient, stable silicon tandem cells enabled by anion-engineered wide-bandgap perovskites". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aba3433.
@article{osti_1615092,
title = {Efficient, stable silicon tandem cells enabled by anion-engineered wide-bandgap perovskites},
author = {Kim, Daehan and Jung, Hee Joon and Park, Ik Jae and Larson, Bryon W. and Dunfield, Sean P. and Xiao, Chuanxiao and Kim, Jekyung and Tong, Jinhui and Boonmongkolras, Passarut and Ji, Su Geun and Zhang, Fei and Pae, Seong Ryul and Kim, Minkyu and Kang, Seok Beom and Dravid, Vinayak and Berry, Joseph J. and Kim, Jin Young and Zhu, Kai and Kim, Dong Hoe and Shin, Byungha},
abstractNote = {Maximizing the power conversion efficiency (PCE) of perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells that can exceed the Shockley-Queisser single-cell limit requires a high-performing, stable perovskite top cell with a wide bandgap. We developed a stable perovskite solar cell with a bandgap of ~1.7 electron volts that retained more than 80% of its initial PCE of 20.7% after 1000 hours of continuous illumination. Anion engineering of phenethylammonium-based two-dimensional (2D) additives was critical for controlling the structural and electrical properties of the 2D passivation layers based on a lead iodide framework. The high PCE of 26.7% of a monolithic two-terminal wide-bandgap perovskite/silicon tandem solar cell was made possible by the ideal combination of spectral responses of the top and bottom cells.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aba3433},
journal = {Science},
number = 6487,
volume = 368,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aba3433

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 13 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

2D perovskite stabilized phase-pure formamidinium perovskite solar cells
journal, August 2018


Surface passivation of perovskite film for efficient solar cells
journal, April 2019


Carrier-resolved photo-Hall effect
journal, October 2019


Fractional deviations in precursor stoichiometry dictate the properties, performance and stability of perovskite photovoltaic devices
journal, January 2018

  • Fassl, Paul; Lami, Vincent; Bausch, Alexandra
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 11, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8EE01136B

300% Enhancement of Carrier Mobility in Uniaxial-Oriented Perovskite Films Formed by Topotactic-Oriented Attachment
journal, April 2017


Tailored interfaces of unencapsulated perovskite solar cells for >1,000 hour operational stability
journal, January 2018


Effects of Postsynthesis Thermal Conditions on Methylammonium Lead Halide Perovskite: Band Bending at Grain Boundaries and Its Impacts on Solar Cell Performance
journal, September 2016

  • Kim, Daehan; Kim, Gee Yeong; Ko, Changhyun
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 120, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b08744

Opportunities and challenges for tandem solar cells using metal halide perovskite semiconductors
journal, July 2018


23.6%-efficient monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells with improved stability
journal, February 2017

  • Bush, Kevin A.; Palmstrom, Axel F.; Yu, Zhengshan J.
  • Nature Energy, Vol. 2, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nenergy.2017.9

Infrared Light Management Using a Nanocrystalline Silicon Oxide Interlayer in Monolithic Perovskite/Silicon Heterojunction Tandem Solar Cells with Efficiency above 25%
journal, February 2019

  • Mazzarella, Luana; Lin, Yen‐Hung; Kirner, Simon
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201803241

Reversible photo-induced trap formation in mixed-halide hybrid perovskites for photovoltaics
journal, January 2015

  • Hoke, Eric T.; Slotcavage, Daniel J.; Dohner, Emma R.
  • Chemical Science, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4SC03141E

Improved Optics in Monolithic Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Solar Cells with a Nanocrystalline Silicon Recombination Junction
journal, October 2017

  • Sahli, Florent; Kamino, Brett A.; Werner, Jérémie
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201701609

Grain Engineering for Perovskite/Silicon Monolithic Tandem Solar Cells with Efficiency of 25.4%
journal, January 2019


Ultrahydrophobic 3D/2D fluoroarene bilayer-based water-resistant perovskite solar cells with efficiencies exceeding 22%
journal, June 2019


Bimolecular Additives Improve Wide-Band-Gap Perovskites for Efficient Tandem Solar Cells with CIGS
journal, July 2019


Efficient ambient-air-stable solar cells with 2D–3D heterostructured butylammonium-caesium-formamidinium lead halide perovskites
journal, August 2017


Stability of Halide Perovskite Solar Cell Devices: In Situ Observation of Oxygen Diffusion under Biasing
journal, August 2018


Challenges for commercializing perovskite solar cells
journal, September 2018


Improving Uniformity and Reproducibility of Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells via a Low-Temperature Vacuum Deposition Process for NiO x Hole Transport Layers
journal, December 2017

  • Pae, Seong Ryul; Byun, Segi; Kim, Jekyung
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 10, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b14499

Quantitative analysis of time-resolved microwave conductivity data
journal, November 2017

  • Reid, Obadiah G.; Moore, David T.; Li, Zhen
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 50, Issue 49
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aa9559

Large area efficient interface layer free monolithic perovskite/homo-junction-silicon tandem solar cell with over 20% efficiency
journal, January 2018

  • Zheng, Jianghui; Lau, Cho Fai Jonathan; Mehrvarz, Hamid
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 11, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8EE00689J

In situ recombination junction between p-Si and TiO 2 enables high-efficiency monolithic perovskite/Si tandem cells
journal, December 2018

  • Shen, Heping; Omelchenko, Stefan T.; Jacobs, Daniel A.
  • Science Advances, Vol. 4, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aau9711

Triple-halide wide–band gap perovskites with suppressed phase segregation for efficient tandems
journal, March 2020


Fully textured monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells with 25.2% power conversion efficiency
journal, June 2018


Carrier lifetimes of >1 μs in Sn-Pb perovskites enable efficient all-perovskite tandem solar cells
journal, April 2019


Anisotropic and temperature-dependent thermal conductivity of PbI 2
journal, May 2017


A Three-Terminal Monolithic Perovskite/Si Tandem Solar Cell Characterization Platform
journal, March 2019


Minimizing Current and Voltage Losses to Reach 25% Efficient Monolithic Two-Terminal Perovskite–Silicon Tandem Solar Cells
journal, August 2018


A 2-terminal perovskite/silicon multijunction solar cell enabled by a silicon tunnel junction
journal, March 2015

  • Mailoa, Jonathan P.; Bailie, Colin D.; Johlin, Eric C.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 106, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4914179

Direct imaging of hydrogen-atom columns in a crystal by annular bright-field electron microscopy
journal, February 2011

  • Ishikawa, Ryo; Okunishi, Eiji; Sawada, Hidetaka
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 10, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2957

Dr. Probe: A software for high-resolution STEM image simulation
journal, October 2018


Textured interfaces in monolithic perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells: advanced light management for improved efficiency and energy yield
journal, January 2018

  • Jošt, Marko; Köhnen, Eike; Morales-Vilches, Anna Belen
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 11, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8EE02469C

Structural features and their functions in surfactant-armoured methylammonium lead iodide perovskites for highly efficient and stable solar cells
journal, January 2018

  • Jung, Minsu; Shin, Tae Joo; Seo, Jangwon
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 11, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1039/C8EE00995C

Orientation Regulation of Phenylethylammonium Cation Based 2D Perovskite Solar Cell with Efficiency Higher Than 11%
journal, January 2018

  • Zhang, Xinqian; Wu, Gang; Fu, Weifei
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 8, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201702498

Efficient Monolithic Perovskite/Silicon Tandem Solar Cell with Cell Area >1 cm 2
journal, December 2015

  • Werner, Jérémie; Weng, Ching-Hsun; Walter, Arnaud
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.5b02686

Beneficial Effects of PbI 2 Incorporated in Organo-Lead Halide Perovskite Solar Cells
journal, December 2015

  • Kim, Young Chan; Jeon, Nam Joong; Noh, Jun Hong
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201502104

Probing oxygen vacancy concentration and homogeneity in solid-oxide fuel-cell cathode materials on the subunit-cell level
journal, August 2012

  • Kim, Young-Min; He, Jun; Biegalski, Michael D.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3393