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Title: What Influences the Cross-Border Air Pollutant Transfer in China–United States Trade: A Comparative Analysis Using the Extended IO-SDA Method

Abstract

This paper extends the IO-SDA (input–output and structural decomposition analysis) method to decompose the CBAPT (cross-border air pollutant transfer) into different effects, and reveals the status of CBAPT and analyzes influencing factors affecting the CBAPT in China–US trade by comparing China with the US in these factors. This study found that China was a net air pollutant exporter, and this indicates the air pollutants were transferred from the US into China through China–US trade. On the whole, the China energy intensity, China emission coefficient, and import scale effects decreased the CBAPT, whereas the export scale and US emission coefficient effects increased the CBAPT; the influences of export structure, US energy intensity, and import structure on CBAPT were uncertain. The sectoral distribution of effects on the CBAPT in China–US trade was unbalanced, which was mainly concentrated in heavy industry and transportation. The China energy intensity, China emission coefficient, and import scale effects inhibited sectoral CBAPT, and the export scale effect promoted this sectoral transfer. Other effects on the sectoral transfer were negligible. This paper provides some policy suggestions based on empirical results.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. China Univ. of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou (China)
  2. Jiangsu Normal Univ., Xuzhou (China)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  4. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC); Jiangsu Provincial Department of Education; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation; Jiangsu Social Science Fund Project
OSTI Identifier:
1615015
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-150280
Journal ID: ISSN 2071-1050; SUSTDE
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; 71974083; 71573253; 2018SJZDI109; 2015T80594; 2014M551682; 18EYB014
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Sustainability (Basel)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Sustainability (Basel); Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 2071-1050
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; cross-border air pollutant transfer; embodied air pollutants; China–US trade; extended IO-SDA method; export; import

Citation Formats

Xu, Shichun, Gao, Chang, Li, Yunfan, Ma, Xiaoxue, Zhou, Yifeng, He, Zhengxia, Zhao, Bin, and Wang, Shuxiao. What Influences the Cross-Border Air Pollutant Transfer in China–United States Trade: A Comparative Analysis Using the Extended IO-SDA Method. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/su11226252.
Xu, Shichun, Gao, Chang, Li, Yunfan, Ma, Xiaoxue, Zhou, Yifeng, He, Zhengxia, Zhao, Bin, & Wang, Shuxiao. What Influences the Cross-Border Air Pollutant Transfer in China–United States Trade: A Comparative Analysis Using the Extended IO-SDA Method. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226252
Xu, Shichun, Gao, Chang, Li, Yunfan, Ma, Xiaoxue, Zhou, Yifeng, He, Zhengxia, Zhao, Bin, and Wang, Shuxiao. Thu . "What Influences the Cross-Border Air Pollutant Transfer in China–United States Trade: A Comparative Analysis Using the Extended IO-SDA Method". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/su11226252. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1615015.
@article{osti_1615015,
title = {What Influences the Cross-Border Air Pollutant Transfer in China–United States Trade: A Comparative Analysis Using the Extended IO-SDA Method},
author = {Xu, Shichun and Gao, Chang and Li, Yunfan and Ma, Xiaoxue and Zhou, Yifeng and He, Zhengxia and Zhao, Bin and Wang, Shuxiao},
abstractNote = {This paper extends the IO-SDA (input–output and structural decomposition analysis) method to decompose the CBAPT (cross-border air pollutant transfer) into different effects, and reveals the status of CBAPT and analyzes influencing factors affecting the CBAPT in China–US trade by comparing China with the US in these factors. This study found that China was a net air pollutant exporter, and this indicates the air pollutants were transferred from the US into China through China–US trade. On the whole, the China energy intensity, China emission coefficient, and import scale effects decreased the CBAPT, whereas the export scale and US emission coefficient effects increased the CBAPT; the influences of export structure, US energy intensity, and import structure on CBAPT were uncertain. The sectoral distribution of effects on the CBAPT in China–US trade was unbalanced, which was mainly concentrated in heavy industry and transportation. The China energy intensity, China emission coefficient, and import scale effects inhibited sectoral CBAPT, and the export scale effect promoted this sectoral transfer. Other effects on the sectoral transfer were negligible. This paper provides some policy suggestions based on empirical results.},
doi = {10.3390/su11226252},
journal = {Sustainability (Basel)},
number = 22,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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