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Title: Generation of kinetic Alfvén waves in dayside magnetopause reconnection: A 3-D global-scale hybrid simulation

Abstract

In this paper, we perform a three-dimensional (3-D) global-scale hybrid simulation to investigate the generation of kinetic Alfvén waves (KAWs) in reconnection at the dayside magnetopause. In the simulation, the magnetopause reconnection takes place due to a self-consistent interaction between the solar wind and Earth's magnetosphere, in which the solar wind is assumed to carry a southward interplanetary magnetic field. As multiple X-line reconnection occurs, shear Alfvénic perturbations are generated from reconnection, which propagate toward polar regions along the magnetic field lines. Our detailed analysis of the electromagnetic characteristics reveals the existence of kinetic Alfvén waves on the ion kinetic scales in these perturbations, in which the parallel electric field is generated. The 3-D structures and the Poynting fluxes in the shear Alfvén waves/KAWs in the global magnetopause are presented. It is shown that these KAWs carry electromagnetic energy into the cusp, which may lead to aurora brightening.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Univ. of Science and Technology of China, Hefei (China); Auburn Univ., AL (United States)
  2. Auburn Univ., AL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Auburn Univ., AL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1612828
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0018071; 41774169; 41527804; 41331067; 41804159
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
71 CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS; 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Physics; Plasma waves; Solar wind; Plasma heating; Magnetic reconnection; Magnetospheric dynamics; Auroral phenomena; Magnetopause

Citation Formats

Wang, Huanyu, Lin, Yu, Wang, Xueyi, and Guo, Zhifang. Generation of kinetic Alfvén waves in dayside magnetopause reconnection: A 3-D global-scale hybrid simulation. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5092561.
Wang, Huanyu, Lin, Yu, Wang, Xueyi, & Guo, Zhifang. Generation of kinetic Alfvén waves in dayside magnetopause reconnection: A 3-D global-scale hybrid simulation. United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5092561
Wang, Huanyu, Lin, Yu, Wang, Xueyi, and Guo, Zhifang. Thu . "Generation of kinetic Alfvén waves in dayside magnetopause reconnection: A 3-D global-scale hybrid simulation". United States. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5092561. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1612828.
@article{osti_1612828,
title = {Generation of kinetic Alfvén waves in dayside magnetopause reconnection: A 3-D global-scale hybrid simulation},
author = {Wang, Huanyu and Lin, Yu and Wang, Xueyi and Guo, Zhifang},
abstractNote = {In this paper, we perform a three-dimensional (3-D) global-scale hybrid simulation to investigate the generation of kinetic Alfvén waves (KAWs) in reconnection at the dayside magnetopause. In the simulation, the magnetopause reconnection takes place due to a self-consistent interaction between the solar wind and Earth's magnetosphere, in which the solar wind is assumed to carry a southward interplanetary magnetic field. As multiple X-line reconnection occurs, shear Alfvénic perturbations are generated from reconnection, which propagate toward polar regions along the magnetic field lines. Our detailed analysis of the electromagnetic characteristics reveals the existence of kinetic Alfvén waves on the ion kinetic scales in these perturbations, in which the parallel electric field is generated. The 3-D structures and the Poynting fluxes in the shear Alfvén waves/KAWs in the global magnetopause are presented. It is shown that these KAWs carry electromagnetic energy into the cusp, which may lead to aurora brightening.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5092561},
journal = {Physics of Plasmas},
number = 7,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

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