skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Growth and characterization of HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ and HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ crystals

Abstract

We report the successful growth of sizable crystals of the cuprate superconductors HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ and HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ. These compounds are well known for their high optimal superconducting critical temperatures of Tc = 128 K and 134 K at ambient pressure, respectively, and for their challenging synthesis. Using a conventional quartz-tube encapsulation method and a two-layer encapsulation method that utilizes custom-built high-pressure furnaces, we are able to grow single crystals with linear dimensions up to several millimeters parallel to the CuO2 planes. Extended postgrowth annealing is shown to lead to sharp superconducting transitions, indicative of high macroscopic homogeneity. X-ray diffraction and polarized Raman spectroscopy are identified as viable nondestructive methods to help separate the two compounds from synthesis products, as the latter often contain intergrowths of the former. Furthermore, our work helps to remove obstacles toward the study of these model cuprate systems with experimental probes that require sizable high-quality crystals.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [4];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [5];  [6]
  1. Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
  2. Peking Univ., Beijing (China); Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  3. Peking Univ., Beijing (China); Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  4. Peking Univ., Beijing (China); Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States)
  5. Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
  6. Peking Univ., Beijing (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter, Beijing (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1612519
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1484966
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0016371; SC-0016371
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 12; Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY; Materials Science; Superconductivity; High-temperature superconductors; Single crystal materials; Unconventional superconductors; Annealing; Crystal growth; Inelastic light scattering; X-ray diffraction

Citation Formats

Wang, Lichen, Luo, Xiangpeng, Li, Jiarui, Zeng, Junbang, Cheng, Minghao, Freyermuth, Jacob, Tang, Yang, Yu, Biqiong, Yu, Guichuan, Greven, Martin, and Li, Yuan. Growth and characterization of HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ and HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ crystals. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevmaterials.2.123401.
Wang, Lichen, Luo, Xiangpeng, Li, Jiarui, Zeng, Junbang, Cheng, Minghao, Freyermuth, Jacob, Tang, Yang, Yu, Biqiong, Yu, Guichuan, Greven, Martin, & Li, Yuan. Growth and characterization of HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ and HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ crystals. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevmaterials.2.123401
Wang, Lichen, Luo, Xiangpeng, Li, Jiarui, Zeng, Junbang, Cheng, Minghao, Freyermuth, Jacob, Tang, Yang, Yu, Biqiong, Yu, Guichuan, Greven, Martin, and Li, Yuan. Fri . "Growth and characterization of HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ and HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ crystals". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevmaterials.2.123401. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1612519.
@article{osti_1612519,
title = {Growth and characterization of HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ and HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ crystals},
author = {Wang, Lichen and Luo, Xiangpeng and Li, Jiarui and Zeng, Junbang and Cheng, Minghao and Freyermuth, Jacob and Tang, Yang and Yu, Biqiong and Yu, Guichuan and Greven, Martin and Li, Yuan},
abstractNote = {We report the successful growth of sizable crystals of the cuprate superconductors HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ and HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ. These compounds are well known for their high optimal superconducting critical temperatures of Tc = 128 K and 134 K at ambient pressure, respectively, and for their challenging synthesis. Using a conventional quartz-tube encapsulation method and a two-layer encapsulation method that utilizes custom-built high-pressure furnaces, we are able to grow single crystals with linear dimensions up to several millimeters parallel to the CuO2 planes. Extended postgrowth annealing is shown to lead to sharp superconducting transitions, indicative of high macroscopic homogeneity. X-ray diffraction and polarized Raman spectroscopy are identified as viable nondestructive methods to help separate the two compounds from synthesis products, as the latter often contain intergrowths of the former. Furthermore, our work helps to remove obstacles toward the study of these model cuprate systems with experimental probes that require sizable high-quality crystals.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevmaterials.2.123401},
journal = {Physical Review Materials},
number = 12,
volume = 2,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A universal scaling relation in high-temperature superconductors
journal, July 2004

  • Homes, C. C.; Dordevic, S. V.; Strongin, M.
  • Nature, Vol. 430, Issue 6999
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02673

The synthesis and characterization of the HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ and HgBa2Ca3Cu4O10+δ phases
journal, September 1993


The rate of quasiparticle recombination probes the onset of coherence in cuprate superconductors
journal, April 2016

  • Hinton, J. P.; Thewalt, E.; Alpichshev, Z.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep23610

Spectroscopic evidence for Fermi liquid-like energy and temperature dependence of the relaxation rate in the pseudogap phase of the cuprates
journal, March 2013

  • Mirzaei, S. I.; Stricker, D.; Hancock, J. N.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1218846110

Chemistry and structure of Hg-based superconducting Cu mixed oxides
journal, May 2002

  • Antipov, E. V.; Abakumov, A. M.; Putilin, S. N.
  • Superconductor Science and Technology, Vol. 15, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-2048/15/7/201

Hall, Seebeck, and Nernst Coefficients of Underdoped HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ : Fermi-Surface Reconstruction in an Archetypal Cuprate Superconductor
journal, June 2013


Demonstrating the model nature of the high-temperature superconductor HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ
journal, August 2008


Unusual magnetic order in the pseudogap region of the superconductor HgBa2CuO4+δ
journal, September 2008


Hidden magnetic excitation in the pseudogap phase of a high-Tc superconductor
journal, November 2010


Commensurate antiferromagnetic excitations as a signature of the pseudogap in the tetragonal high-Tc cuprate HgBa2CuO4+δ
journal, March 2016

  • Chan, M. K.; Dorow, C. J.; Mangin-Thro, L.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10819

Charge-Transfer Excitations in the Model Superconductor HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ
journal, November 2005


Synchrotron x-ray scattering study of charge-density-wave order in HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ
journal, October 2017


NMR study of carrier distribution and superconductivity in multilayered high-Tc cuprates
journal, January 2001


Characterization of the phase relations and solid solution range of the Bi2Sr2Ca1Cu2Oy superconductor
journal, November 1992


Magnetic vortex lattice in HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ observed by small-angle neutron scattering
journal, February 2011


Angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy study of Hg Ba 2 Cu O 4 + δ
journal, May 2014


Strain derivatives of T c in HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ : The CuO 2 plane alone is not enough
journal, January 2014


Nodes of the superconducting gap probed by electronic Raman scattering in HgBa 2 CaCu 2 O 6 + δ single crystals
journal, July 1997


Hg vapor pressure, phase stability, and synthesis of Hg1−xBa2Can−1CunO2n+2+δ with n ≤ 3
journal, July 1997


Spin Gap in HgBa 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 8 + δ Single Crystals from 63 Cu NMR
journal, May 1996


Mercury pressure during synthesis of the HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ superconductor
journal, June 2002


Superconductivity at 94 K in HgBa2Cu04+δ
journal, March 1993

  • Putilin, S. N.; Antipov, E. V.; Chmaissem, O.
  • Nature, Vol. 362, Issue 6417
  • DOI: 10.1038/362226a0

Universal sheet resistance and revised phase diagram of the cuprate high-temperature superconductors
journal, July 2013

  • Barisic, N.; Chan, M. K.; Li, Y.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 110, Issue 30
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1301989110

Progress and perspectives on electron-doped cuprates
journal, September 2010


Optical and thermodynamic properties of the high-temperature superconductor Hg Ba 2 Cu O 4 + δ
journal, February 2007


Percolative nature of the direct-current paraconductivity in cuprate superconductors
journal, September 2018


Exploring intertwined orders in cuprate superconductors
journal, March 2015


In-Plane Magnetoresistance Obeys Kohler’s Rule in the Pseudogap Phase of Cuprate Superconductors
journal, October 2014


Single-phase region of the 2212-BiSrCaCuO superconductor
journal, October 1993


Normal-modes study of HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ single crystals by a micro-Raman analysis
journal, March 1996


Synthesis and characterization of superconducting single crystals of HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ
journal, November 1994


Possible highT c superconductivity in the Ba?La?Cu?O system
journal, June 1986

  • Bednorz, J. G.; M�ller, K. A.
  • Zeitschrift f�r Physik B Condensed Matter, Vol. 64, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01303701

Thermoelectric power and resistivity of HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ over a wide doping range
journal, December 2000


From quantum matter to high-temperature superconductivity in copper oxides
journal, February 2015

  • Keimer, B.; Kivelson, S. A.; Norman, M. R.
  • Nature, Vol. 518, Issue 7538
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14165

Spatial Inhomogeneities in Single-Crystal HgBa2CuO4+δ from 63Cu NMR Spin and Quadrupole Shifts
journal, November 2008

  • Rybicki, D.; Haase, J.; Greven, M.
  • Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism, Vol. 22, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10948-008-0376-2

Optical determination of the relation between the electron-boson coupling function and the critical temperature in high- T c cuprates
journal, May 2009


Photo-enhanced antinodal conductivity in the pseudogap state of high-Tc cuprates
journal, July 2014

  • Cilento, F.; Dal Conte, S.; Coslovich, G.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5353

Lattice symmetry breaking in cuprate superconductors: stripes, nematics, and superconductivity
journal, November 2009


Effect of chemical inhomogeneity in bismuth-based copper oxide superconductors
journal, February 2004


Two-component uniform spin susceptibility of superconducting HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ single crystals measured using 63 Cu and 199 Hg nuclear magnetic resonance
journal, March 2012


Observation of magnetoelastic effects in a quasi-one-dimensional spiral magnet
journal, August 2017


Crystal Growth and Characterization of the Model High-Temperature Superconductor HgBa2CuO4+δ
journal, December 2006


Single reconstructed Fermi surface pocket in an underdoped single-layer cuprate superconductor
journal, July 2016

  • Chan, M. K.; Harrison, N.; McDonald, R. D.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12244

Influence of neutron-irradiation-induced defects on the flux pinning in HgBa 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 8 + x single crystals
journal, January 2000


Electronic spin susceptibilities and superconductivity in HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ from nuclear magnetic resonance
journal, August 2015


Magnetic resonance in the model high-temperature superconductor HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ
journal, February 2010


Single crystals of the 96 K superconductor (Hg,Cu)Ba2CuO4+δ: growth, structure and magnetism
journal, January 1997


Superconductivity above 130 K in the Hg–Ba–Ca–Cu–O system
journal, May 1993

  • Schilling, A.; Cantoni, M.; Guo, J. D.
  • Nature, Vol. 363, Issue 6424
  • DOI: 10.1038/363056a0

Emergence of superconductivity in the cuprates via a universal percolation process
journal, October 2018


Electronic Raman scattering in HgBa 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 8 + δ single crystals: Analysis of the superconducting state
journal, November 1998


Magnetic order in the pseudogap phase of HgBa 2 CuO 4 + δ studied by spin-polarized neutron diffraction
journal, December 2011


Charge order and its connection with Fermi-liquid charge transport in a pristine high-Tc cuprate
journal, December 2014

  • Tabis, W.; Li, Y.; Tacon, M. Le
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6875

Universal quantum oscillations in the underdoped cuprate superconductors
journal, November 2013

  • Barišić, Neven; Badoux, Sven; Chan, Mun K.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2792

Synthesis of HgBa2CuO4+δ under controlled mercury and oxygen pressures
journal, November 1996


Neutron spectroscopic evidence for cluster formation and percolative superconductivity in ErBa 2 Cu 3 O x
journal, February 1993


Two Ising-like magnetic excitations in a single-layer cuprate superconductor
journal, March 2012

  • Li, Yuan; Yu, G.; Chan, M. K.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys2271

Raman study of HgBa2Can−1CunO2n+2+δ (n=1,2,3,4 and 5) superconductors
journal, October 1996


Synthesis of the high-temperature superconductors HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ and HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+δ
journal, October 1993


Crystal Growth and Characterization of HgBa 2 Ca 2 Cu 3 O 8+δ Superconductors with the Highest Critical Temperature at Ambient Pressure
journal, July 2017


Superconductivity above 120 K in HgBa2CaCu2O6+δ
journal, July 1993