skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Analysis of Water Vapor Absorption in the Far-Infrared and Submillimeter Regions Using Surface Radiometric Measurements From Extremely Dry Locations

Abstract

The second Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign (RHUBC-II) was conducted in 2009 by the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program to improve water vapor spectroscopy in the far-infrared spectral region. RHUBC-II was located in an extremely dry region of Chile to ensure very low opacities in this spectral region. Spectrally resolved measurements by a far-infrared spectrometer and a submillimeter interferometer from RHUBC-II are compared with line-by-line radiative transfer model calculations. Water vapor amounts and temperatures used in the calculations come from collocated radiosondes, with extensive adjustments to correct for issues due to the campaign's dry conditions and mountainous terrain. A reanalysis is also performed of far-infrared measurements taken at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement North Slope of Alaska site before and during the first RHUBC campaign. These analyses determine that differences between the measurements and model calculations using existing spectroscopic parameters are significant in the far-infrared and submillimeter regions, leading to the derivation of improved water vapor continuum absorption coefficients and air-broadened widths of 74 water vapor lines. The foreign continuum is increased by more than 50% in part of the far-infrared and the widths of more than 20 lines are changed by more than 10%. The uncertaintymore » in the foreign continuum coefficients is estimated as greater than 20% in some spectral regions, primarily a consequence of the uncertainty in the specification of water vapor. The improved far-infrared spectroscopic parameters have a notable impact on calculated spectral radiances and a modest impact on broadband radiative fluxes and heating rates.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]
  1. Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc., Lexington, MA (United States)
  2. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Boulder, CO (United States)
  3. Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA (United States)
  4. Istituto Nazionale di Ottica (Italy)
  5. California Institute of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Jet Propulsion Lab. (JPL)
  6. Atmospheric and Environmental Research Lexington MA USA; Now at Alpenglow Scientific Fairbanks AK USA
  7. NASA Langley Research Center Hampton VA USA
  8. Science Systems and Applications Inc. Hampton VA USA; Now at Department of Atmospheric SciencesTexas A&,M University College Station TX USA
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc., Lexington, MA (United States); Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1610147
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1543353
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-90ER61064; SC0008618; SC0008830; FG02‐90ER61064
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences; water vapor continuum; far‐infrared; submillimeter; radiative fluxes; heating rates; spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Mlawer, E. J., Turner, D. D., Paine, S. N., Palchetti, L., Bianchini, G., Payne, V. H., Cady‐Pereira, K. E., Pernak, R. L., Alvarado, M. J., Gombos, D., Delamere, J. S., Mlynczak, M. G., and Mast, J. C. Analysis of Water Vapor Absorption in the Far-Infrared and Submillimeter Regions Using Surface Radiometric Measurements From Extremely Dry Locations. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018jd029508.
Mlawer, E. J., Turner, D. D., Paine, S. N., Palchetti, L., Bianchini, G., Payne, V. H., Cady‐Pereira, K. E., Pernak, R. L., Alvarado, M. J., Gombos, D., Delamere, J. S., Mlynczak, M. G., & Mast, J. C. Analysis of Water Vapor Absorption in the Far-Infrared and Submillimeter Regions Using Surface Radiometric Measurements From Extremely Dry Locations. United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018jd029508
Mlawer, E. J., Turner, D. D., Paine, S. N., Palchetti, L., Bianchini, G., Payne, V. H., Cady‐Pereira, K. E., Pernak, R. L., Alvarado, M. J., Gombos, D., Delamere, J. S., Mlynczak, M. G., and Mast, J. C. Mon . "Analysis of Water Vapor Absorption in the Far-Infrared and Submillimeter Regions Using Surface Radiometric Measurements From Extremely Dry Locations". United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018jd029508. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1610147.
@article{osti_1610147,
title = {Analysis of Water Vapor Absorption in the Far-Infrared and Submillimeter Regions Using Surface Radiometric Measurements From Extremely Dry Locations},
author = {Mlawer, E. J. and Turner, D. D. and Paine, S. N. and Palchetti, L. and Bianchini, G. and Payne, V. H. and Cady‐Pereira, K. E. and Pernak, R. L. and Alvarado, M. J. and Gombos, D. and Delamere, J. S. and Mlynczak, M. G. and Mast, J. C.},
abstractNote = {The second Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaign (RHUBC-II) was conducted in 2009 by the U.S. Department of Energy Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program to improve water vapor spectroscopy in the far-infrared spectral region. RHUBC-II was located in an extremely dry region of Chile to ensure very low opacities in this spectral region. Spectrally resolved measurements by a far-infrared spectrometer and a submillimeter interferometer from RHUBC-II are compared with line-by-line radiative transfer model calculations. Water vapor amounts and temperatures used in the calculations come from collocated radiosondes, with extensive adjustments to correct for issues due to the campaign's dry conditions and mountainous terrain. A reanalysis is also performed of far-infrared measurements taken at the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement North Slope of Alaska site before and during the first RHUBC campaign. These analyses determine that differences between the measurements and model calculations using existing spectroscopic parameters are significant in the far-infrared and submillimeter regions, leading to the derivation of improved water vapor continuum absorption coefficients and air-broadened widths of 74 water vapor lines. The foreign continuum is increased by more than 50% in part of the far-infrared and the widths of more than 20 lines are changed by more than 10%. The uncertainty in the foreign continuum coefficients is estimated as greater than 20% in some spectral regions, primarily a consequence of the uncertainty in the specification of water vapor. The improved far-infrared spectroscopic parameters have a notable impact on calculated spectral radiances and a modest impact on broadband radiative fluxes and heating rates.},
doi = {10.1029/2018jd029508},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = 14,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {7}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

A Fourier transform spectroradiometer for ground-based remote sensing of the atmospheric downwelling long-wave radiance
journal, January 2019

  • Bianchini, Giovanni; Castagnoli, Francesco; Di Natale, Gianluca
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 12, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-12-619-2019

Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer. Part II: Instrument Performance
journal, December 2004

  • Knuteson, R. O.; Revercomb, H. E.; Best, F. A.
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 21, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-1663.1

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program
journal, January 2003

  • Ackerman, Thomas P.; Stokes, Gerald M.
  • Physics Today, Vol. 56, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1554135

Recent advances in measurement of the water vapour continuum in the far-infrared spectral region
journal, June 2012

  • Green, Paul D.; Newman, Stuart M.; Beeby, Ralph J.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 370, Issue 1968
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2011.0263

First light from the Far-Infrared Spectroscopy of the Troposphere (FIRST) instrument
journal, January 2006

  • Mlynczak, Martin G.; Johnson, David G.; Latvakoski, Harri
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005GL025114

Absorption, emission, and linebreadths: A semihistorical perspective
journal, October 1977


Measurements and Retrievals From a New 183-GHz Water-Vapor Radiometer in the Arctic
journal, July 2007

  • Cadeddu, Maria P.; Liljegren, James C.; Pazmany, Andrew L.
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 45, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2006.888970

Dry Bias and Variability in Vaisala RS80-H Radiosondes: The ARM Experience
journal, January 2003


Air-Broadened Half-Widths of the 22- and 183-GHz Water-Vapor Lines
journal, November 2008

  • Payne, Vivienne H.; Delamere, Jennifer S.; Cady-Pereira, Karen E.
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 46, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2008.2002435

The H216O molecule: Line position and line intensity analyses up to the second triad
journal, September 2008


Absolute solar transmittance interferometer for ground-based measurements
journal, January 2002

  • Hawat, Toufic; Stephen, Thomas; Murcray, Frank
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 41, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.41.003582

Accuracy assessment and correction of Vaisala RS92 radiosonde water vapor measurements
journal, January 2009

  • Miloshevich, Larry M.; Vömel, Holger; Whiteman, David N.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, Issue D11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD011565

The HITRAN 2008 molecular spectroscopic database
journal, June 2009

  • Rothman, L. S.; Gordon, I. E.; Barbe, A.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 110, Issue 9-10, p. 533-572
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2009.02.013

Spectra calculations in central and wing regions of IR bands. IV: software and database for the computation of atmospheric spectra
journal, November 2005

  • Niro, F.; Jucks, K.; Hartmann, J. -M.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 95, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.11.011

Impact of an improved longwave radiation model, RRTM, on the energy budget and thermodynamic properties of the NCAR community climate model, CCM3
journal, June 2000

  • Iacono, Michael J.; Mlawer, Eli J.; Clough, Shepard A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 105, Issue D11
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900091

Radiative flux and forcing parameterization error in aerosol-free clear skies: RADIATION PARAMETERIZATION ERRORS
journal, July 2015

  • Pincus, Robert; Mlawer, Eli J.; Oreopoulos, Lazaros
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL064291

Technical note: First spectral measurement of the Earth's upwelling emission using an uncooled wideband Fourier transform spectrometer
journal, January 2006

  • Palchetti, L.; Belotti, C.; Bianchini, G.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-6-5025-2006

Radiative transfer for inhomogeneous atmospheres: RRTM, a validated correlated-k model for the longwave
journal, July 1997

  • Mlawer, Eli J.; Taubman, Steven J.; Brown, Patrick D.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 102, Issue D14
  • DOI: 10.1029/97JD00237

Temperature-dependent air broadening of water in the 1250–1750cm−1 range
journal, July 2012

  • Birk, Manfred; Wagner, Georg
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 113, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2011.12.013

Forward model and Jacobians for Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer retrievals
journal, May 2006

  • Clough, S. A.; Shephard, M. W.; Worden, J.
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 44, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2005.860986

Retrieval of foreign-broadened water vapor continuum coefficients from emitted spectral radiance in the H_2O rotational band from 240 to 590 cm^-1
journal, January 2008

  • Serio, Carmine; Masiello, Guido; Esposito, Francesco
  • Optics Express, Vol. 16, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.16.015816

The Arm Program's Water Vapor Intensive Observation Periods: Overview, Initial Accomplishments, and Future Challenges
journal, February 2003

  • Revercomb, H. E.; Turner, D. D.; Tobin, D. C.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 84, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-84-2-217

Evaluation of two Vaisala RS92 radiosonde solar radiative dry bias correction algorithms
journal, January 2016

  • Dzambo, Andrew M.; Turner, David D.; Mlawer, Eli J.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 9, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-9-1613-2016

Uncertainties associated with theoretically calculated N 2 -broadened half-widths of H 2 O lines
journal, July 2010


A wide-band nadir-sounding spectroradiometer for the characterization of the Earth's outgoing long-wave radiation
conference, September 2006

  • Bianchini, Giovanni; Palchetti, Luca; Carli, Bruno
  • Remote Sensing, SPIE Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1117/12.689260

Analysis of far-infrared spectral radiance observations of the water vapor continuum in the Arctic
journal, April 2015

  • Fox, Cathryn; Green, Paul D.; Pickering, Juliet C.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 155
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2015.01.001

Full-Time, Eye-Safe Cloud and Aerosol Lidar Observation at Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program Sites: Instruments and Data Processing
journal, April 2002


Introduction
journal, April 2016


The ARM North Slope of Alaska (NSA) Sites
journal, April 2016


Processing and Calibration of Submillimeter Fourier Transform Radiometer Spectra From the RHUBC-II Campaign
journal, December 2013

  • Paine, Scott N.; Turner, David D.
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 51, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2012.2231869

Impact of modifying the longwave water vapor continuum absorption model on community Earth system model simulations: IMPACT OF A WATER VAPOR CONTINUUM CHANGE
journal, February 2012

  • Turner, D. D.; Merrelli, A.; Vimont, D.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016440

Current updates of the water-vapor line list in HITRAN: A new “Diet” for air-broadened half-widths
journal, December 2007

  • Gordon, Iouli E.; Rothman, Laurence S.; Gamache, Robert R.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 108, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2007.06.009

Water Vapor Continuum Absorption in the Microwave
journal, June 2011

  • Payne, Vivienne H.; Mlawer, Eli J.; Cady-Pereira, Karen E.
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 49, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2010.2091416

Water Vapor Observations in the ARM Program
journal, April 2016


Dynamics of Local Circulations in Mountainous Terrain during the RHUBC-II Project
journal, October 2013


Spectral Radiation Measurements and Analysis in the ARM Program
journal, April 2016


Radiometric calibration of IR Fourier transform spectrometers: solution to a problem with the High-Resolution Interferometer Sounder
journal, January 1988

  • Revercomb, Henry E.; Buijs, H.; Howell, Hugh B.
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 27, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.27.003210

Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer. Part I: Instrument Design
journal, December 2004

  • Knuteson, R. O.; Revercomb, H. E.; Best, F. A.
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 21, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-1662.1

The IASI/MetOp1 Mission: First observations and highlights of its potential contribution to GMES2
journal, April 2007


Optimized computation of the voigt and complex probability functions
journal, April 1982


Atmospheric radiative transfer modeling: a summary of the AER codes
journal, March 2005

  • Clough, S. A.; Shephard, M. W.; Mlawer, E. J.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 91, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2004.05.058

Terahertz and far-infrared windows opened at Dome A in Antarctica
journal, December 2016


Technical Note: REFIR-PAD level 1 data analysis and performance characterization
journal, January 2008


The Atmospheric radiation measurement (ARM) program network of microwave radiometers: instrumentation, data, and retrievals
journal, January 2013

  • Cadeddu, M. P.; Liljegren, J. C.; Turner, D. D.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 6, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-6-2359-2013

The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program: Programmatic Background and Design of the Cloud and Radiation Test Bed
journal, July 1994


Water vapor sounding with the far infrared REFIR-PAD spectroradiometer from a high-altitude ground-based station during the ECOWAR campaign
journal, January 2011

  • Bianchini, G.; Palchetti, L.; Muscari, G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014530

Measurements of downwelling far-infrared radiance during the RHUBC-II campaign at Cerro Toco, Chile and comparisons with line-by-line radiative transfer calculations
journal, September 2017

  • Mast, Jeffrey C.; Mlynczak, Martin G.; Cageao, Richard P.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 198
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2017.04.028

Improved Daytime Column-Integrated Precipitable Water Vapor from Vaisala Radiosonde Humidity Sensors
journal, June 2008

  • Cady-Pereira, K. E.; Shephard, M. W.; Turner, D. D.
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 25, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1175/2007JTECHA1027.1

Measurement of the water vapour vertical profile and of the Earth's outgoing far infrared flux
journal, January 2008

  • Palchetti, L.; Bianchini, G.; Carli, B.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-8-2885-2008

Comparison of Ground-Based Millimeter-Wave Observations and Simulations in the Arctic Winter
journal, September 2009

  • Cimini, D.; Nasir, F.; Westwater, E. R.
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 47, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2009.2020743

Ground-based high spectral resolution observations of the entire terrestrial spectrum under extremely dry conditions: OBSERVATIONS OF THE ENTIRE IR SPECTRUM
journal, May 2012

  • Turner, D. D.; Mlawer, E. J.; Bianchini, G.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012GL051542

A Fourier Transform Spectrometer for Measurement of Atmospheric Transmission at Submillimeter Wavelengths
journal, January 2000

  • Paine, Scott; Blundell, Raymond; Papa, D. Cosmo
  • Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Vol. 112, Issue 767
  • DOI: 10.1086/316497

Downwelling spectral radiance observations at the SHEBA ice station: Water vapor continuum measurements from 17 to 26μm
journal, January 1999

  • Tobin, D. C.; Best, F. A.; Brown, P. D.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 104, Issue D2
  • DOI: 10.1029/1998JD200057

Breadboard of a Fourier-transform spectrometer for the Radiation Explorer in the Far Infrared atmospheric mission
journal, January 2005

  • Palchetti, Luca; Bianchini, Giovanni; Castagnoli, Francesco
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 44, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1364/AO.44.002870

Line shape and the water vapor continuum
journal, October 1989


Surface measurements of upper tropospheric water vapor isotopic composition on the Chajnantor Plateau, Chile: CHILE WATER VAPOR ISOTOPIC COMPOSITION
journal, September 2011

  • Galewsky, Joseph; Rella, Christopher; Sharp, Zachary
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011GL048557

The QME AERI LBLRTM: A Closure Experiment for Downwelling High Spectral Resolution Infrared Radiance
journal, November 2004

  • Turner, D. D.; Tobin, D. C.; Clough, S. A.
  • Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 61, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1175/JAS3300.1

Estimate of Radiosonde Dry Bias From Far-Infrared Measurements on the Antarctic Plateau
journal, March 2018

  • Rizzi, R.; Maestri, T.; Arosio, C.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 123, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/2017JD027874

CO 2 line-mixing database and software update and its tests in the 2.1 μm and 4.3 μm regions
journal, January 2015

  • Lamouroux, J.; Régalia, L.; Thomas, X.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 151
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2014.09.017

Development and recent evaluation of the MT_CKD model of continuum absorption
journal, June 2012

  • Mlawer, Eli J.; Payne, Vivienne H.; Moncet, Jean-Luc
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 370, Issue 1968
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.2011.0295

Uncertainty of atmospheric microwave absorption model: impact on ground-based radiometer simulations and retrievals
journal, January 2018

  • Cimini, Domenico; Rosenkranz, Philip W.; Tretyakov, Mikhail Y.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-18-15231-2018

The Continual Intercomparison of Radiation Codes: Results from Phase I: RESULTS FROM CIRC PHASE I
journal, March 2012

  • Oreopoulos, Lazaros; Mlawer, Eli; Delamere, Jennifer
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 117, Issue D6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2011JD016821

The HITRAN2012 molecular spectroscopic database
journal, November 2013

  • Rothman, L. S.; Gordon, I. E.; Babikov, Y.
  • Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, Vol. 130, p. 4-50
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2013.07.002

Contributions of the ARM Program to Radiative Transfer Modeling for Climate and Weather Applications
journal, April 2016


A far-infrared radiative closure study in the Arctic: Application to water vapor
journal, January 2010

  • Delamere, J. S.; Clough, S. A.; Payne, V. H.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue D17
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JD012968

The Radiative Heating in Underexplored Bands Campaigns
journal, July 2010

  • Turner, D. D.; Mlawer, E. J.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 91, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1175/2010BAMS2904.1

The Far-infrared Earth
journal, January 2008

  • Harries, J.; Carli, B.; Rizzi, R.
  • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 46, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007RG000233

Instrument line shape of Fourier transform spectrometers: analytic solutions for nonuniformly illuminated off-axis detectors
journal, January 1999


Measurement of the water vapour vertical profile and of the Earth's outgoing far infrared flux
journal, January 2007

  • Palchetti, L.; Bianchini, G.; Carli, B.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/acpd-7-17741-2007

    Works referencing / citing this record: