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Title: Stabilizing Effect of High Pore Fluid Pressure on Slip Behaviors of Gouge-bearing Faults

Abstract

We conducted experiments to investigate the influence of pore fluid pressure on the frictional strength and slip behavior of gouge bearing faults. Saw cut porous sandstone samples with a layer of gouge powders placed between the precut surfaces were deformed in the conventional triaxial loading configuration. A series of velocity-step tests were performed to measure the response of the friction coefficient to variations in sliding velocity. Pore volume changes were monitored during shearing of the gouge. Our results demonstrate that under constant effective pressure, increasing pore pressure stabilizes the frictional slip of faults with all four gouge materials including antigorite, olivine, quartz, and chrysotile. The stabilizing effect is the strongest in antigorite gouge, which shows an evolution of friction parameters from velocity-weakening toward velocity-strengthening behavior with increasing pore pressure. Experiments with controlled pore volume show that the pore volume reduction diminishes under high pore fluid pressures, implying an increasing dilation component at these conditions. The dilatant hardening mechanism can explain the observed strengthening. These results provide a possible explanation to the observed spatial correlation between slow slip events and high pore pressure in many subduction zones.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  2. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States); Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)
  3. Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States); Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1609825
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1560789
Grant/Contract Number:  
FG02-07ER15916
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 124; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-9313
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; Geochemistry & Geophysics; rock deformation; gouge friction; dilatant hardening; pore pressure; rate and state friction; slow slips

Citation Formats

Xing, Tiange, Zhu, Wenlu, French, Melodie, and Belzer, Ben. Stabilizing Effect of High Pore Fluid Pressure on Slip Behaviors of Gouge-bearing Faults. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019jb018002.
Xing, Tiange, Zhu, Wenlu, French, Melodie, & Belzer, Ben. Stabilizing Effect of High Pore Fluid Pressure on Slip Behaviors of Gouge-bearing Faults. United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019jb018002
Xing, Tiange, Zhu, Wenlu, French, Melodie, and Belzer, Ben. Thu . "Stabilizing Effect of High Pore Fluid Pressure on Slip Behaviors of Gouge-bearing Faults". United States. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019jb018002. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1609825.
@article{osti_1609825,
title = {Stabilizing Effect of High Pore Fluid Pressure on Slip Behaviors of Gouge-bearing Faults},
author = {Xing, Tiange and Zhu, Wenlu and French, Melodie and Belzer, Ben},
abstractNote = {We conducted experiments to investigate the influence of pore fluid pressure on the frictional strength and slip behavior of gouge bearing faults. Saw cut porous sandstone samples with a layer of gouge powders placed between the precut surfaces were deformed in the conventional triaxial loading configuration. A series of velocity-step tests were performed to measure the response of the friction coefficient to variations in sliding velocity. Pore volume changes were monitored during shearing of the gouge. Our results demonstrate that under constant effective pressure, increasing pore pressure stabilizes the frictional slip of faults with all four gouge materials including antigorite, olivine, quartz, and chrysotile. The stabilizing effect is the strongest in antigorite gouge, which shows an evolution of friction parameters from velocity-weakening toward velocity-strengthening behavior with increasing pore pressure. Experiments with controlled pore volume show that the pore volume reduction diminishes under high pore fluid pressures, implying an increasing dilation component at these conditions. The dilatant hardening mechanism can explain the observed strengthening. These results provide a possible explanation to the observed spatial correlation between slow slip events and high pore pressure in many subduction zones.},
doi = {10.1029/2019jb018002},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth},
number = 9,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Laboratory Study on Fluid‐Induced Fault Slip Behavior: The Role of Fluid Pressurization Rate
    journal, March 2020

    • Wang, Lei; Kwiatek, Grzegorz; Rybacki, Erik
    • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 47, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1029/2019gl086627