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Title: Applying the Aboveground-Belowground Interaction Concept in Agriculture: Spatio-Temporal Scales Matter

Abstract

Interactions between aboveground and belowground organisms are important drivers of plant growth and performance in natural ecosystems. Making practical use of such above-belowground biotic interactions offers important opportunities for enhancing the sustainability of agriculture, as it could favor crop growth, nutrient supply, and defense against biotic and abiotic stresses. However, the operation of above- and belowground organisms at different spatial and temporal scales provides important challenges for application in agriculture. Aboveground organisms, such as herbivores and pollinators, operate at spatial scales that exceed individual fields and are highly variable in abundance within growing seasons. In contrast, pathogenic, symbiotic, and decomposer soil biota operate at more localized spatial scales from individual plants to patches of square meters, however, they generate legacy effects on plant performance that may last from single to multiple years. The challenge is to promote pollinators and suppress pests at the landscape and field scale, while creating positive legacy effects of local plant-soil interactions for next generations of plants. Here, we explore the possibilities to improve utilization of above-belowground interactions in agro-ecosystems by considering spatio-temporal scales at which aboveground and belowground organisms operate. We identified that successful integration of above-belowground biotic interactions initially requires developing crop rotations andmore » intercropping systems that create positive local soil legacy effects for neighboring as well subsequent crops. These configurations may then be used as building blocks to design landscapes that accommodate beneficial aboveground communities with respect to their required resources. For successful adoption of above-belowground interactions in agriculture there is a need for context-specific solutions, as well as sound socio-economic embedding.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [1];  [6];  [7];  [6];  [6];  [8];  [6];  [9];  [10];  [6];  [1];  [6];  [11];  [11]
  1. Netherlands Inst. of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen (Netherlands)
  2. Netherlands Inst. of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen (Netherlands); ETH Zurch (Switzerland)
  3. Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom)
  4. World Agroforestry Center (ICRAF), Nairobi (Kenya)
  5. Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (United States)
  6. Wageningen Univ. (Netherlands)
  7. Univ. of Manchester (United Kingdom); Univ. of Amsterdam (Netherlands)
  8. Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States). Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center
  9. Leiden Univ. (Netherlands)
  10. ETH Zurich (Switzerland)
  11. Netherlands Inst. of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW), Wageningen (Netherlands); Wageningen Univ. (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1609270
Grant/Contract Number:  
FC02-07ER64494; SC0018409; FG02-07ER54917; FC02-04ER54698; AC05-00OR22725; AC52-07NA27344; FG02-04ER54744; AC05-06OR23100
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 2296-701X
Publisher:
Frontiers Research Foundation
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; above-belowground biotic interactions; sustainable agriculture; spatio-temporal scales; agroecology; steering communities

Citation Formats

Veen, G. F., Wubs, E. R. Jasper, Bardgett, Richard D., Barrios, Edmundo, Bradford, Mark A., Carvalho, Sabrina, De Deyn, Gerlinde B., de Vries, Franciska T., Giller, Ken E., Kleijn, David, Landis, Douglas A., Rossing, Walter A. H., Schrama, Maarten, Six, Johan, Struik, Paul C., van Gils, Stijn, Wiskerke, Johannes S. C., van der Putten, Wim H., and Vet, Louise E. M.. Applying the Aboveground-Belowground Interaction Concept in Agriculture: Spatio-Temporal Scales Matter. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00300.
Veen, G. F., Wubs, E. R. Jasper, Bardgett, Richard D., Barrios, Edmundo, Bradford, Mark A., Carvalho, Sabrina, De Deyn, Gerlinde B., de Vries, Franciska T., Giller, Ken E., Kleijn, David, Landis, Douglas A., Rossing, Walter A. H., Schrama, Maarten, Six, Johan, Struik, Paul C., van Gils, Stijn, Wiskerke, Johannes S. C., van der Putten, Wim H., & Vet, Louise E. M.. Applying the Aboveground-Belowground Interaction Concept in Agriculture: Spatio-Temporal Scales Matter. United States. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00300
Veen, G. F., Wubs, E. R. Jasper, Bardgett, Richard D., Barrios, Edmundo, Bradford, Mark A., Carvalho, Sabrina, De Deyn, Gerlinde B., de Vries, Franciska T., Giller, Ken E., Kleijn, David, Landis, Douglas A., Rossing, Walter A. H., Schrama, Maarten, Six, Johan, Struik, Paul C., van Gils, Stijn, Wiskerke, Johannes S. C., van der Putten, Wim H., and Vet, Louise E. M.. Wed . "Applying the Aboveground-Belowground Interaction Concept in Agriculture: Spatio-Temporal Scales Matter". United States. https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00300. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1609270.
@article{osti_1609270,
title = {Applying the Aboveground-Belowground Interaction Concept in Agriculture: Spatio-Temporal Scales Matter},
author = {Veen, G. F. and Wubs, E. R. Jasper and Bardgett, Richard D. and Barrios, Edmundo and Bradford, Mark A. and Carvalho, Sabrina and De Deyn, Gerlinde B. and de Vries, Franciska T. and Giller, Ken E. and Kleijn, David and Landis, Douglas A. and Rossing, Walter A. H. and Schrama, Maarten and Six, Johan and Struik, Paul C. and van Gils, Stijn and Wiskerke, Johannes S. C. and van der Putten, Wim H. and Vet, Louise E. M.},
abstractNote = {Interactions between aboveground and belowground organisms are important drivers of plant growth and performance in natural ecosystems. Making practical use of such above-belowground biotic interactions offers important opportunities for enhancing the sustainability of agriculture, as it could favor crop growth, nutrient supply, and defense against biotic and abiotic stresses. However, the operation of above- and belowground organisms at different spatial and temporal scales provides important challenges for application in agriculture. Aboveground organisms, such as herbivores and pollinators, operate at spatial scales that exceed individual fields and are highly variable in abundance within growing seasons. In contrast, pathogenic, symbiotic, and decomposer soil biota operate at more localized spatial scales from individual plants to patches of square meters, however, they generate legacy effects on plant performance that may last from single to multiple years. The challenge is to promote pollinators and suppress pests at the landscape and field scale, while creating positive legacy effects of local plant-soil interactions for next generations of plants. Here, we explore the possibilities to improve utilization of above-belowground interactions in agro-ecosystems by considering spatio-temporal scales at which aboveground and belowground organisms operate. We identified that successful integration of above-belowground biotic interactions initially requires developing crop rotations and intercropping systems that create positive local soil legacy effects for neighboring as well subsequent crops. These configurations may then be used as building blocks to design landscapes that accommodate beneficial aboveground communities with respect to their required resources. For successful adoption of above-belowground interactions in agriculture there is a need for context-specific solutions, as well as sound socio-economic embedding.},
doi = {10.3389/fevo.2019.00300},
journal = {Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution},
number = ,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {8}
}

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  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13808

Designing agricultural landscapes for biodiversity-based ecosystem services
journal, February 2017


Identifying the characteristics of organic soil amendments that suppress soilborne plant diseases
journal, February 2010

  • Bonanomi, Giuliano; Antignani, Vincenzo; Capodilupo, Manuela
  • Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 42, Issue 2
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Rooting theories of plant community ecology in microbial interactions
journal, August 2010

  • Bever, James D.; Dickie, Ian A.; Facelli, Evelina
  • Trends in Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 25, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.tree.2010.05.004

Landscape configurational heterogeneity by small-scale agriculture, not crop diversity, maintains pollinators and plant reproduction in western Europe
journal, February 2018

  • Hass, Annika L.; Kormann, Urs G.; Tscharntke, Teja
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 285, Issue 1872
  • DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2242

Wild Pollinators Enhance Fruit Set of Crops Regardless of Honey Bee Abundance
journal, February 2013


Sustainable pest regulation in agricultural landscapes: a review on landscape composition, biodiversity and natural pest control
journal, April 2006

  • Bianchi, F. J. J. A.; Booij, C. J. H.; Tscharntke, T.
  • Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 273, Issue 1595
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Improving intercropping: a synthesis of research in agronomy, plant physiology and ecology
journal, November 2014

  • Brooker, Rob W.; Bennett, Alison E.; Cong, Wen-Feng
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 206, Issue 1
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Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People
journal, January 2010


Home field advantage of cattle manure decomposition affects the apparent nitrogen recovery in production grasslands
journal, February 2013


Controlling the Microbiome: Microhabitat Adjustments for Successful Biocontrol Strategies in Soil and Human Gut
journal, July 2016


Bringing ISFM to scale through an integrated farm planning approach: a case study from Burundi
journal, June 2015

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  • Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, Vol. 105, Issue 3
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Accounting for soil biotic effects on soil health and crop productivity in the design of crop rotations
journal, February 2014

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  • Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 95, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.6565