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Title: Resonant Soft X-Ray Scattering from Stripe-Ordered La 2 - x Ba x Cu O 4 Detected by a Transition-Edge Sensor Array Detector

Abstract

Resonant soft x-ray scattering (RSXS) is a leading probe of valence-band order in materials best known for detecting charge-density-wave order in copper-oxide superconductors. One of the biggest limitations on the RSXS technique is the presence of a severe fluorescence background, which, like the RSXS cross section itself, is enhanced under resonant conditions. This background prevents the study of weak signals such as diffuse scattering from glassy or fluctuating order that is spread widely over momentum space. Recent advances in superconducting transition-edge-sensor (TES) detectors have led to major improvements in energy resolution and detection efficiency in the soft x-ray range. Here, we perform a RSXS study of stripe-ordered La 2 - x Ba x Cu O 4 at the Cu L 3 / 2 edge (932.2 eV) using a TES detector with 1.5-eV resolution, to evaluate its utility for mitigating the fluorescence-background problem. We find that, for suitable degree of detuning from the resonance, the TES rejects the fluorescence background, leading to a five to ten times improvement in the statistical quality of the data compared to an equivalent, energy-integrated measurement. We conclude that a TES introduces a promising method to reducing background in RSXS studies and may lead to discoveries in materials exhibiting valence-band order that is fluctuating or glassy.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1];  [3];  [3];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. National Inst. of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder, CO (United States)
  2. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA); National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES); National Science Foundation (NSF); Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
OSTI Identifier:
1609140
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; FG02-06ER46285; DMR-0703406
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Applied
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2331-7019
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Joe, Young Il, Fang, Yizhi, Lee, Sangjun, Sun, Stella X. L., de la Peña, Gilberto A., Doriese, William B., Morgan, Kelsey M., Fowler, Joseph W., Vale, Leila R., Rodolakis, Fanny, McChesney, Jessica L., Ullom, Joel N., Swetz, Daniel S., and Abbamonte, Peter. Resonant Soft X-Ray Scattering from Stripe-Ordered La2-xBaxCuO4 Detected by a Transition-Edge Sensor Array Detector. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevApplied.13.034026.
Joe, Young Il, Fang, Yizhi, Lee, Sangjun, Sun, Stella X. L., de la Peña, Gilberto A., Doriese, William B., Morgan, Kelsey M., Fowler, Joseph W., Vale, Leila R., Rodolakis, Fanny, McChesney, Jessica L., Ullom, Joel N., Swetz, Daniel S., & Abbamonte, Peter. Resonant Soft X-Ray Scattering from Stripe-Ordered La2-xBaxCuO4 Detected by a Transition-Edge Sensor Array Detector. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.13.034026
Joe, Young Il, Fang, Yizhi, Lee, Sangjun, Sun, Stella X. L., de la Peña, Gilberto A., Doriese, William B., Morgan, Kelsey M., Fowler, Joseph W., Vale, Leila R., Rodolakis, Fanny, McChesney, Jessica L., Ullom, Joel N., Swetz, Daniel S., and Abbamonte, Peter. Tue . "Resonant Soft X-Ray Scattering from Stripe-Ordered La2-xBaxCuO4 Detected by a Transition-Edge Sensor Array Detector". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevApplied.13.034026. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1609140.
@article{osti_1609140,
title = {Resonant Soft X-Ray Scattering from Stripe-Ordered La2-xBaxCuO4 Detected by a Transition-Edge Sensor Array Detector},
author = {Joe, Young Il and Fang, Yizhi and Lee, Sangjun and Sun, Stella X. L. and de la Peña, Gilberto A. and Doriese, William B. and Morgan, Kelsey M. and Fowler, Joseph W. and Vale, Leila R. and Rodolakis, Fanny and McChesney, Jessica L. and Ullom, Joel N. and Swetz, Daniel S. and Abbamonte, Peter},
abstractNote = {Resonant soft x-ray scattering (RSXS) is a leading probe of valence-band order in materials best known for detecting charge-density-wave order in copper-oxide superconductors. One of the biggest limitations on the RSXS technique is the presence of a severe fluorescence background, which, like the RSXS cross section itself, is enhanced under resonant conditions. This background prevents the study of weak signals such as diffuse scattering from glassy or fluctuating order that is spread widely over momentum space. Recent advances in superconducting transition-edge-sensor (TES) detectors have led to major improvements in energy resolution and detection efficiency in the soft x-ray range. Here, we perform a RSXS study of stripe-ordered La2-xBaxCuO4 at the Cu L3/2 edge (932.2 eV) using a TES detector with 1.5-eV resolution, to evaluate its utility for mitigating the fluorescence-background problem. We find that, for suitable degree of detuning from the resonance, the TES rejects the fluorescence background, leading to a five to ten times improvement in the statistical quality of the data compared to an equivalent, energy-integrated measurement. We conclude that a TES introduces a promising method to reducing background in RSXS studies and may lead to discoveries in materials exhibiting valence-band order that is fluctuating or glassy.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevApplied.13.034026},
journal = {Physical Review Applied},
number = 3,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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