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Title: Rapid gas-assisted exfoliation promises V2O5 nanosheets for high performance lithium-sulfur batteries

Abstract

Scalable synthesis of ultra-thin two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials by exfoliation has emerged as an intriguing approach in the energy field. In this work, a rapid thermal expansion-triggered gas-assisted exfoliation method is applied to synthesize ultra-thin 2D V2O5 nanosheets. Unlike other methods, no impurities can be introduced during exfoliation, leading extremely clean 2D nanosheets that are crucial for the investigation of 2D materials in charge-storage fields. The obtained V2O5 nanosheets were used as effective host materials for polysulfides in lithium-sulfur batteries, as they can help to confine and alleviate the shuttle of polysulfides efficiently. The as-prepared V2O5–S composite electrode delivered an initial discharge capacity of 1638.5 mAh g-1 with a high Coulombic efficiency of 96.7% and maintained a specific capacity of 838.8 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles at 0.1 C current rate. This work supplies a facile approach to obtain transition metal oxides nanosheets, which have potential applications in energy storage and conversion fields.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Jiangsu Univ., Zhenjiang (China)
  2. Xi'an Jiaotong Univ. (China)
  3. Jiangsu Univ., Zhenjiang (China); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC); Natural Science Foundation of Shaanxi Province in China; USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1609041
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1580535
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; 21722604; 21808092; 21978231; 2017ZDJC-30
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 67; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; gas-assisted exfoliation; vanadium pentoxide; nanosheets; lithium-sulfur batteries

Citation Formats

Wang, Chao, Yi, Yikun, Li, Hongping, Wu, Peiwen, Li, Mingtao, Jiang, Wei, Chen, Zhigang, Li, Huaming, Zhu, Wenshuai, and Dai, Sheng. Rapid gas-assisted exfoliation promises V2O5 nanosheets for high performance lithium-sulfur batteries. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.104253.
Wang, Chao, Yi, Yikun, Li, Hongping, Wu, Peiwen, Li, Mingtao, Jiang, Wei, Chen, Zhigang, Li, Huaming, Zhu, Wenshuai, & Dai, Sheng. Rapid gas-assisted exfoliation promises V2O5 nanosheets for high performance lithium-sulfur batteries. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.104253
Wang, Chao, Yi, Yikun, Li, Hongping, Wu, Peiwen, Li, Mingtao, Jiang, Wei, Chen, Zhigang, Li, Huaming, Zhu, Wenshuai, and Dai, Sheng. Mon . "Rapid gas-assisted exfoliation promises V2O5 nanosheets for high performance lithium-sulfur batteries". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.104253. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1609041.
@article{osti_1609041,
title = {Rapid gas-assisted exfoliation promises V2O5 nanosheets for high performance lithium-sulfur batteries},
author = {Wang, Chao and Yi, Yikun and Li, Hongping and Wu, Peiwen and Li, Mingtao and Jiang, Wei and Chen, Zhigang and Li, Huaming and Zhu, Wenshuai and Dai, Sheng},
abstractNote = {Scalable synthesis of ultra-thin two-dimensional (2D) nanomaterials by exfoliation has emerged as an intriguing approach in the energy field. In this work, a rapid thermal expansion-triggered gas-assisted exfoliation method is applied to synthesize ultra-thin 2D V2O5 nanosheets. Unlike other methods, no impurities can be introduced during exfoliation, leading extremely clean 2D nanosheets that are crucial for the investigation of 2D materials in charge-storage fields. The obtained V2O5 nanosheets were used as effective host materials for polysulfides in lithium-sulfur batteries, as they can help to confine and alleviate the shuttle of polysulfides efficiently. The as-prepared V2O5–S composite electrode delivered an initial discharge capacity of 1638.5 mAh g-1 with a high Coulombic efficiency of 96.7% and maintained a specific capacity of 838.8 mAh g-1 after 200 cycles at 0.1 C current rate. This work supplies a facile approach to obtain transition metal oxides nanosheets, which have potential applications in energy storage and conversion fields.},
doi = {10.1016/j.nanoen.2019.104253},
journal = {Nano Energy},
number = C,
volume = 67,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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Cited by: 7 works
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