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Title: A novel battery scheme: Coupling nanostructured phosphorus anodes with lithium sulfide cathodes

Abstract

Lithium-ion batteries are approaching their theoretical limit and can no longer keep up with the increasing demands of human society. Lithium-sulfur batteries, with a high theoretical specific energy, are promising candidates for next generation energy storage. However, the use of Li metal in Li-S batteries compromises both safety and performance, enabling dendrite formation and causing fast capacity degradation. Previous studies have probed alternative battery systems to replace the metallic Li in Li-S system, such as a Si/Li2S couple, with limited success in performance. Recently, there is a focus on red P as a favorable anode material to host Li. In this work, we establish a novel battery scheme by utilizing a P/C nanocomposite anode and pairing it with a Li2S coated carbon nanofiber cathode. We find that red P anode can be compatible in ether-based electrolyte systems and can be successfully coupled to a Li2S cathode. Our proof of concept full-cell displays remarkable specific capacity, rate and cycling performances. We expect our work will provide a useful alternative system and valuable insight in the quest for next generation energy storage devices.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [1];  [1];  [4]
  1. Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
  2. Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China)
  3. Tsinghua Univ., Beijing (China)
  4. Stanford Univ., CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States). Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Science (SIMES)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
OSTI Identifier:
1608485
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 1998-0124
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; lithium sulfur batteries; red phosphorus; lithium sulfide

Citation Formats

Wu, David Sichen, Zhou, Guangmin, Mao, Eryang, Sun, Yongming, Liu, Bofei, Wang, Li, Wang, Jiangyan, Shi, Feifei, and Cui, Yi. A novel battery scheme: Coupling nanostructured phosphorus anodes with lithium sulfide cathodes. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1007/s12274-020-2645-8.
Wu, David Sichen, Zhou, Guangmin, Mao, Eryang, Sun, Yongming, Liu, Bofei, Wang, Li, Wang, Jiangyan, Shi, Feifei, & Cui, Yi. A novel battery scheme: Coupling nanostructured phosphorus anodes with lithium sulfide cathodes. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-020-2645-8
Wu, David Sichen, Zhou, Guangmin, Mao, Eryang, Sun, Yongming, Liu, Bofei, Wang, Li, Wang, Jiangyan, Shi, Feifei, and Cui, Yi. Mon . "A novel battery scheme: Coupling nanostructured phosphorus anodes with lithium sulfide cathodes". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s12274-020-2645-8. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1608485.
@article{osti_1608485,
title = {A novel battery scheme: Coupling nanostructured phosphorus anodes with lithium sulfide cathodes},
author = {Wu, David Sichen and Zhou, Guangmin and Mao, Eryang and Sun, Yongming and Liu, Bofei and Wang, Li and Wang, Jiangyan and Shi, Feifei and Cui, Yi},
abstractNote = {Lithium-ion batteries are approaching their theoretical limit and can no longer keep up with the increasing demands of human society. Lithium-sulfur batteries, with a high theoretical specific energy, are promising candidates for next generation energy storage. However, the use of Li metal in Li-S batteries compromises both safety and performance, enabling dendrite formation and causing fast capacity degradation. Previous studies have probed alternative battery systems to replace the metallic Li in Li-S system, such as a Si/Li2S couple, with limited success in performance. Recently, there is a focus on red P as a favorable anode material to host Li. In this work, we establish a novel battery scheme by utilizing a P/C nanocomposite anode and pairing it with a Li2S coated carbon nanofiber cathode. We find that red P anode can be compatible in ether-based electrolyte systems and can be successfully coupled to a Li2S cathode. Our proof of concept full-cell displays remarkable specific capacity, rate and cycling performances. We expect our work will provide a useful alternative system and valuable insight in the quest for next generation energy storage devices.},
doi = {10.1007/s12274-020-2645-8},
journal = {Nano Research},
number = ,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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