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Title: Magnetic field induced antiferromagnetic cone structure in multiferroic BiFeO 3

Abstract

Neutron diffraction measurements were performed under high magnetic fields up to 17 T in a multiferroic BiFeO3 single crystal, in which an intermediate magnetic (IM) phase has been found between the cycloid and canted antiferromagnetic phases [S. Kawachi et al., Phys. Rev. Mater. 1, 024408 (2017)]. We clearly found that the incommensurate magnetic peaks, which split perpendicular to the magnetic field in the cycloid phase, rotate by 90 deg to align parallel to the field in the IM phase. The magnetic structure in the IM phase can be best described by an antiferromagnetic cone (AF cone) structure. The transition from the cycloid to AF cone is of first order and the direction of the magnetic wave vector and the easy plane of the cycloidal component are rotated by 90 deg without changing the cycloidal modulation period, whereas the transition from the AF cone to canted antiferromagnetic phase is gradual and the cone angle becomes smaller gradually without changing the modulation period. Interestingly, the cycloidal component as well as the cone angle in the IM phase shows a large hysteresis between the field increasing and decreasing processes. Finally, this result, combined with the magnetostriction with a large hysteresis previously reported inmore » the IM phase, suggests a strong magnetoelastic coupling.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Duke Univ., Durham, NC (United States)
  3. National Inst. of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba (Japan)
  4. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
  5. Sun Yat-Sen Univ., Guangzhou (China)
  6. Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie, Berlin (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
OSTI Identifier:
1608205
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1607816
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 4; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2475-9953
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; antiferromagnetism; magnetic phase transitions; multiferroics; neutron diffraction

Citation Formats

Matsuda, Masaaki, Dissanayake, Sachith E., Hong, Tao, Ozaki, Y., Ito, T., Tokunaga, M., Liu, X. Z., Bartkowiak, M., and Prokhnenko, O. Magnetic field induced antiferromagnetic cone structure in multiferroic BiFeO3. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.034412.
Matsuda, Masaaki, Dissanayake, Sachith E., Hong, Tao, Ozaki, Y., Ito, T., Tokunaga, M., Liu, X. Z., Bartkowiak, M., & Prokhnenko, O. Magnetic field induced antiferromagnetic cone structure in multiferroic BiFeO3. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.034412
Matsuda, Masaaki, Dissanayake, Sachith E., Hong, Tao, Ozaki, Y., Ito, T., Tokunaga, M., Liu, X. Z., Bartkowiak, M., and Prokhnenko, O. Tue . "Magnetic field induced antiferromagnetic cone structure in multiferroic BiFeO3". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.034412. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1608205.
@article{osti_1608205,
title = {Magnetic field induced antiferromagnetic cone structure in multiferroic BiFeO3},
author = {Matsuda, Masaaki and Dissanayake, Sachith E. and Hong, Tao and Ozaki, Y. and Ito, T. and Tokunaga, M. and Liu, X. Z. and Bartkowiak, M. and Prokhnenko, O.},
abstractNote = {Neutron diffraction measurements were performed under high magnetic fields up to 17 T in a multiferroic BiFeO3 single crystal, in which an intermediate magnetic (IM) phase has been found between the cycloid and canted antiferromagnetic phases [S. Kawachi et al., Phys. Rev. Mater. 1, 024408 (2017)]. We clearly found that the incommensurate magnetic peaks, which split perpendicular to the magnetic field in the cycloid phase, rotate by 90 deg to align parallel to the field in the IM phase. The magnetic structure in the IM phase can be best described by an antiferromagnetic cone (AF cone) structure. The transition from the cycloid to AF cone is of first order and the direction of the magnetic wave vector and the easy plane of the cycloidal component are rotated by 90 deg without changing the cycloidal modulation period, whereas the transition from the AF cone to canted antiferromagnetic phase is gradual and the cone angle becomes smaller gradually without changing the modulation period. Interestingly, the cycloidal component as well as the cone angle in the IM phase shows a large hysteresis between the field increasing and decreasing processes. Finally, this result, combined with the magnetostriction with a large hysteresis previously reported in the IM phase, suggests a strong magnetoelastic coupling.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevMaterials.4.034412},
journal = {Physical Review Materials},
number = 3,
volume = 4,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

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