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Title: Extreme tensile strain states in La 0.7 Ca 0.3 MnO 3 membranes

Abstract

A defining feature of emergent phenomena in complex oxides is the competition and cooperation between ground states. In manganites, the balance between metallic and insulating phases can be tuned by the lattice; extending the range of lattice control would enhance the ability to access other phases. We stabilized uniform extreme tensile strain in nanoscale La 0.7 Ca 0.3 MnO 3 membranes, exceeding 8% uniaxially and 5% biaxially. Uniaxial and biaxial strain suppresses the ferromagnetic metal at distinctly different strain values, inducing an insulator that can be extinguished by a magnetic field. Electronic structure calculations indicate that the insulator consists of charge-ordered Mn 4+ and Mn 3+ with staggered strain-enhanced Jahn-Teller distortions within the plane. This highly tunable strained membrane approach provides a broad opportunity to design and manipulate correlated electron states.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9]
  1. Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA., Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA., Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA.
  2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA., Department of Physics, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China.
  3. Department of Physics and Center for Nanointegration (CENIDE), University of Duisburg-Essen, 47053 Duisburg, Germany.
  4. Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA., Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
  5. Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA., Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA., Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA.
  6. Stanford Nano Shared Facilities, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA., Department of Physics, Kaunas University of Technology, LT-51368 Kaunas, Lithuania.
  7. Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA.
  8. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA.
  9. Department of Applied Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA., Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy Sciences, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA 94025, USA.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation; US Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR); Army Research Office (ARO); German Science Foundation (DFG); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1608079
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1614877
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-76SF00515; SC0012375; AC02-06CH11357; GBMF4415; FA9550-18-1-0480; W911NF-15-1-0017; ACI-1548562; INST20876/209-1 FUGG; INST20876/243-1 FUGG; ECCS-1542152
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Science
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Science Journal Volume: 368 Journal Issue: 6486; Journal ID: ISSN 0036-8075
Publisher:
AAAS
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Hong, Seung Sae, Gu, Mingqiang, Verma, Manish, Harbola, Varun, Wang, Bai Yang, Lu, Di, Vailionis, Arturas, Hikita, Yasuyuki, Pentcheva, Rossitza, Rondinelli, James M., and Hwang, Harold Y. Extreme tensile strain states in La 0.7 Ca 0.3 MnO 3 membranes. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1126/science.aax9753.
Hong, Seung Sae, Gu, Mingqiang, Verma, Manish, Harbola, Varun, Wang, Bai Yang, Lu, Di, Vailionis, Arturas, Hikita, Yasuyuki, Pentcheva, Rossitza, Rondinelli, James M., & Hwang, Harold Y. Extreme tensile strain states in La 0.7 Ca 0.3 MnO 3 membranes. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax9753
Hong, Seung Sae, Gu, Mingqiang, Verma, Manish, Harbola, Varun, Wang, Bai Yang, Lu, Di, Vailionis, Arturas, Hikita, Yasuyuki, Pentcheva, Rossitza, Rondinelli, James M., and Hwang, Harold Y. Thu . "Extreme tensile strain states in La 0.7 Ca 0.3 MnO 3 membranes". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax9753.
@article{osti_1608079,
title = {Extreme tensile strain states in La 0.7 Ca 0.3 MnO 3 membranes},
author = {Hong, Seung Sae and Gu, Mingqiang and Verma, Manish and Harbola, Varun and Wang, Bai Yang and Lu, Di and Vailionis, Arturas and Hikita, Yasuyuki and Pentcheva, Rossitza and Rondinelli, James M. and Hwang, Harold Y.},
abstractNote = {A defining feature of emergent phenomena in complex oxides is the competition and cooperation between ground states. In manganites, the balance between metallic and insulating phases can be tuned by the lattice; extending the range of lattice control would enhance the ability to access other phases. We stabilized uniform extreme tensile strain in nanoscale La 0.7 Ca 0.3 MnO 3 membranes, exceeding 8% uniaxially and 5% biaxially. Uniaxial and biaxial strain suppresses the ferromagnetic metal at distinctly different strain values, inducing an insulator that can be extinguished by a magnetic field. Electronic structure calculations indicate that the insulator consists of charge-ordered Mn 4+ and Mn 3+ with staggered strain-enhanced Jahn-Teller distortions within the plane. This highly tunable strained membrane approach provides a broad opportunity to design and manipulate correlated electron states.},
doi = {10.1126/science.aax9753},
journal = {Science},
number = 6486,
volume = 368,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aax9753

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Cited by: 4 works
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