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Title: Improved Limits on Millicharged Particles Using the ArgoNeuT Experiment at Fermilab

Abstract

A search for millicharged particles, a simple extension of the standard model, has been performed with the ArgoNeuT detector exposed to the Neutrinos at the Main Injector beam at Fermilab. The ArgoNeuT liquid argon time projection chamber detector enables a search for millicharged particles through the detection of visible electron recoils. We search for an event signature with two soft hits (MeV-scale energy depositions) aligned with the upstream target. For an exposure of the detector of 1.0×1020 protons on target, one candidate event has been observed, compatible with the expected background. This search is sensitive to millicharged particles with charges between 10-3$e$ and 10-1$e$ and with masses in the range from 0.1 to 3 GeV. This measurement provides leading constraints on millicharged particles in this large unexplored parameter space region.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States); Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP); National Science Foundation (NSF); ARCS Foundation, Inc.; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC); Maryland Center for Fundamental Physics
Contributing Org.:
ArgoNeuT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1607962
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1605589; OSTI ID: 1638452
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1911.07996; FERMILAB-PUB-19-582-ND
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; 131801
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359; PHY1620074; SC0007859
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Physical Review Letters Journal Volume: 124 Journal Issue: 13; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; hypothetical particles; neutrino detectors

Citation Formats

Acciarri, R., Adams, C., Asaadi, J., Baller, B., Bolton, T., Bromberg, C., Cavanna, F., Edmunds, D., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Fleming, B., Harnik, R., James, C., Lepetic, I., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, Z., Luo, X., Palamara, O., Scanavini, G., Soderberg, M., Spitz, J., Szelc, A. M., Wu, W., Yang, T., and ArgoNeuT Collaboration. Improved Limits on Millicharged Particles Using the ArgoNeuT Experiment at Fermilab. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.131801.
Acciarri, R., Adams, C., Asaadi, J., Baller, B., Bolton, T., Bromberg, C., Cavanna, F., Edmunds, D., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Fleming, B., Harnik, R., James, C., Lepetic, I., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, Z., Luo, X., Palamara, O., Scanavini, G., Soderberg, M., Spitz, J., Szelc, A. M., Wu, W., Yang, T., & ArgoNeuT Collaboration. Improved Limits on Millicharged Particles Using the ArgoNeuT Experiment at Fermilab. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.131801
Acciarri, R., Adams, C., Asaadi, J., Baller, B., Bolton, T., Bromberg, C., Cavanna, F., Edmunds, D., Fitzpatrick, R. S., Fleming, B., Harnik, R., James, C., Lepetic, I., Littlejohn, B. R., Liu, Z., Luo, X., Palamara, O., Scanavini, G., Soderberg, M., Spitz, J., Szelc, A. M., Wu, W., Yang, T., and ArgoNeuT Collaboration. Wed . "Improved Limits on Millicharged Particles Using the ArgoNeuT Experiment at Fermilab". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.131801.
@article{osti_1607962,
title = {Improved Limits on Millicharged Particles Using the ArgoNeuT Experiment at Fermilab},
author = {Acciarri, R. and Adams, C. and Asaadi, J. and Baller, B. and Bolton, T. and Bromberg, C. and Cavanna, F. and Edmunds, D. and Fitzpatrick, R. S. and Fleming, B. and Harnik, R. and James, C. and Lepetic, I. and Littlejohn, B. R. and Liu, Z. and Luo, X. and Palamara, O. and Scanavini, G. and Soderberg, M. and Spitz, J. and Szelc, A. M. and Wu, W. and Yang, T. and ArgoNeuT Collaboration},
abstractNote = {A search for millicharged particles, a simple extension of the standard model, has been performed with the ArgoNeuT detector exposed to the Neutrinos at the Main Injector beam at Fermilab. The ArgoNeuT liquid argon time projection chamber detector enables a search for millicharged particles through the detection of visible electron recoils. We search for an event signature with two soft hits (MeV-scale energy depositions) aligned with the upstream target. For an exposure of the detector of 1.0×1020 protons on target, one candidate event has been observed, compatible with the expected background. This search is sensitive to millicharged particles with charges between 10-3$e$ and 10-1$e$ and with masses in the range from 0.1 to 3 GeV. This measurement provides leading constraints on millicharged particles in this large unexplored parameter space region.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.131801},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 13,
volume = 124,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.124.131801

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