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Title: Advancing Lithium- and Manganese-Rich Cathodes through a Combined Electrolyte Additive/Surface Treatment Strategy

Abstract

Lithium- and manganese-rich (LMR) materials provide cost and environmental advantages to other competing cathodes based on nickel or cobalt chemistries. Within the LMR family, layered-layered-spinel (LLS) cathodes have unique properties, detailed herein, that address several of the challenges faced in large-scale implementation of LMR cathodes. This paper details how a LLS//graphite system was considerably improved by combining optimization strategies. First, a cathode surface-treatment process was optimized. Interestingly, cathodes surface-treated at a low temperature (~100°C) exhibited the best results. The optimized LLS cathode was tested vs. graphite using small amounts of lithium difluoro(oxalate)borate electrolyte additive. The combined approach improved various aspects of the electrochemical performance (e.g., impedance, cycle life, and coulombic efficiency) more than each strategy used alone by mitigating Mn dissolution from the cathode and the ensuing deposition on the anode. The report describes a unique method to improve the performance of practically relevant LMR//graphite cells.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [2];  [1];  [3];  [4];  [1];  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Microvast Power Solutions, Inc., Orlando, FL (United States)
  3. Thorlabs Quantum Electronics Inc., Jessup, MD (United States)
  4. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Materials Science & Technology Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1607639
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1657930
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 166; Journal Issue: 16; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4651
Publisher:
IOP Publishing - The Electrochemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE

Citation Formats

Gutierrez, Arturo, He, Meinan, Yonemoto, Bryan T., Yang, Zhenzhen, Wang, Jie, Meyer, III, Harry M., Thackeray, Michael M., and Croy, Jason R. Advancing Lithium- and Manganese-Rich Cathodes through a Combined Electrolyte Additive/Surface Treatment Strategy. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1149/2.1281915jes.
Gutierrez, Arturo, He, Meinan, Yonemoto, Bryan T., Yang, Zhenzhen, Wang, Jie, Meyer, III, Harry M., Thackeray, Michael M., & Croy, Jason R. Advancing Lithium- and Manganese-Rich Cathodes through a Combined Electrolyte Additive/Surface Treatment Strategy. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1149/2.1281915jes
Gutierrez, Arturo, He, Meinan, Yonemoto, Bryan T., Yang, Zhenzhen, Wang, Jie, Meyer, III, Harry M., Thackeray, Michael M., and Croy, Jason R. Fri . "Advancing Lithium- and Manganese-Rich Cathodes through a Combined Electrolyte Additive/Surface Treatment Strategy". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1149/2.1281915jes. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1607639.
@article{osti_1607639,
title = {Advancing Lithium- and Manganese-Rich Cathodes through a Combined Electrolyte Additive/Surface Treatment Strategy},
author = {Gutierrez, Arturo and He, Meinan and Yonemoto, Bryan T. and Yang, Zhenzhen and Wang, Jie and Meyer, III, Harry M. and Thackeray, Michael M. and Croy, Jason R.},
abstractNote = {Lithium- and manganese-rich (LMR) materials provide cost and environmental advantages to other competing cathodes based on nickel or cobalt chemistries. Within the LMR family, layered-layered-spinel (LLS) cathodes have unique properties, detailed herein, that address several of the challenges faced in large-scale implementation of LMR cathodes. This paper details how a LLS//graphite system was considerably improved by combining optimization strategies. First, a cathode surface-treatment process was optimized. Interestingly, cathodes surface-treated at a low temperature (~100°C) exhibited the best results. The optimized LLS cathode was tested vs. graphite using small amounts of lithium difluoro(oxalate)borate electrolyte additive. The combined approach improved various aspects of the electrochemical performance (e.g., impedance, cycle life, and coulombic efficiency) more than each strategy used alone by mitigating Mn dissolution from the cathode and the ensuing deposition on the anode. The report describes a unique method to improve the performance of practically relevant LMR//graphite cells.},
doi = {10.1149/2.1281915jes},
journal = {Journal of the Electrochemical Society},
number = 16,
volume = 166,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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