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Title: Critical Spin Fluctuation Mechanism for the Spin Hall Effect

Abstract

Herein we propose mechanisms for the spin Hall effect in metallic systems arising from the coupling between conduction electrons and local magnetic moments that are dynamically fluctuating. Both a side-jump-type mechanism and a skew-scattering-type mechanism are considered. In either case, dynamical spin fluctuation gives rise to a nontrivial temperature dependence in the spin Hall conductivity. This leads to the enhancement in the spin Hall conductivity at nonzero temperatures near the ferromagnetic instability. The proposed mechanisms could be observed in 4$d$ or 5$d$ metallic compounds.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
  3. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan); RIKEN Center for Emergent Matter Science (CEMS), Saitama (Japan)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22). Materials Sciences & Engineering Division; Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST); Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
OSTI Identifier:
1607128
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1573875
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725; JPMJCR1874; JPMJCR16F1; 18H03676; 26103006
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 19; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Okamoto, Satoshi, Egami, Takeshi, and Nagaosa, Naoto. Critical Spin Fluctuation Mechanism for the Spin Hall Effect. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.196603.
Okamoto, Satoshi, Egami, Takeshi, & Nagaosa, Naoto. Critical Spin Fluctuation Mechanism for the Spin Hall Effect. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.196603
Okamoto, Satoshi, Egami, Takeshi, and Nagaosa, Naoto. Wed . "Critical Spin Fluctuation Mechanism for the Spin Hall Effect". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.196603. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1607128.
@article{osti_1607128,
title = {Critical Spin Fluctuation Mechanism for the Spin Hall Effect},
author = {Okamoto, Satoshi and Egami, Takeshi and Nagaosa, Naoto},
abstractNote = {Herein we propose mechanisms for the spin Hall effect in metallic systems arising from the coupling between conduction electrons and local magnetic moments that are dynamically fluctuating. Both a side-jump-type mechanism and a skew-scattering-type mechanism are considered. In either case, dynamical spin fluctuation gives rise to a nontrivial temperature dependence in the spin Hall conductivity. This leads to the enhancement in the spin Hall conductivity at nonzero temperatures near the ferromagnetic instability. The proposed mechanisms could be observed in 4$d$ or 5$d$ metallic compounds.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.196603},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 19,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {11}
}

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