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Title: Factors affecting direct lightning strike damage to fiber reinforced composites: A review

Abstract

In recent years, Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics (CFRP) or Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics (GFRPs) have become a very common material for aircraft and wind turbine structures. These structures are often protected from lightning strikes using conventional metal-based protective films/foils. Non-conventional, non-metallic lightning strike protection (LSP) technologies have not yet been fully realized, but research on non-conventional LSP systems for CFRPs has gained momentum in the last few years. The discovery of new structural conductive materials and improvements in the processing of carbon nano-filler based composites have challenged the conventional metal-based LSP systems by providing the potential for lightweight, non-metallic alternatives. However, a major challenge in using non-conventional LSP is the complex nature of a lightning strike event and its complicated thermal and mechanical impact on CFRP structures. Understanding the direct effect of a lightning strike on a CFRP structure requires understanding multiple transient loads, such as electrical, thermal, magnetic, acoustics, shock, and inertia. This review article focuses on new findings and discusses the complex direct effects of lightning on CFRPs. Specifically, the focus is to find the important factors that regulate and control the damage to FRPs are classified and discussed with the help of available literature based on experimentalmore » results. Finally, possibilities and limitations to these new findings are discussed.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
  3. Airbus Defence and Space GmbH, Manching (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1607123
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1703915
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Composites Part B: Engineering
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 183; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-8368
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Polyaniline; CFRP; Adhesive; Lightning strike protection; Multifunctional composites

Citation Formats

Kumar, Vipin, Yokozeki, Tomohiro, Karch, Christian, Hassen, Ahmed A., Hershey, Christopher J., Kim, Seokpum, Lindahl, John M., Barnes, Abigail, Bandari, Yashwanth Kumar, and Kunc, Vlastimil. Factors affecting direct lightning strike damage to fiber reinforced composites: A review. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107688.
Kumar, Vipin, Yokozeki, Tomohiro, Karch, Christian, Hassen, Ahmed A., Hershey, Christopher J., Kim, Seokpum, Lindahl, John M., Barnes, Abigail, Bandari, Yashwanth Kumar, & Kunc, Vlastimil. Factors affecting direct lightning strike damage to fiber reinforced composites: A review. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107688
Kumar, Vipin, Yokozeki, Tomohiro, Karch, Christian, Hassen, Ahmed A., Hershey, Christopher J., Kim, Seokpum, Lindahl, John M., Barnes, Abigail, Bandari, Yashwanth Kumar, and Kunc, Vlastimil. Fri . "Factors affecting direct lightning strike damage to fiber reinforced composites: A review". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107688. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1607123.
@article{osti_1607123,
title = {Factors affecting direct lightning strike damage to fiber reinforced composites: A review},
author = {Kumar, Vipin and Yokozeki, Tomohiro and Karch, Christian and Hassen, Ahmed A. and Hershey, Christopher J. and Kim, Seokpum and Lindahl, John M. and Barnes, Abigail and Bandari, Yashwanth Kumar and Kunc, Vlastimil},
abstractNote = {In recent years, Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastics (CFRP) or Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics (GFRPs) have become a very common material for aircraft and wind turbine structures. These structures are often protected from lightning strikes using conventional metal-based protective films/foils. Non-conventional, non-metallic lightning strike protection (LSP) technologies have not yet been fully realized, but research on non-conventional LSP systems for CFRPs has gained momentum in the last few years. The discovery of new structural conductive materials and improvements in the processing of carbon nano-filler based composites have challenged the conventional metal-based LSP systems by providing the potential for lightweight, non-metallic alternatives. However, a major challenge in using non-conventional LSP is the complex nature of a lightning strike event and its complicated thermal and mechanical impact on CFRP structures. Understanding the direct effect of a lightning strike on a CFRP structure requires understanding multiple transient loads, such as electrical, thermal, magnetic, acoustics, shock, and inertia. This review article focuses on new findings and discusses the complex direct effects of lightning on CFRPs. Specifically, the focus is to find the important factors that regulate and control the damage to FRPs are classified and discussed with the help of available literature based on experimental results. Finally, possibilities and limitations to these new findings are discussed.},
doi = {10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.107688},
journal = {Composites Part B: Engineering},
number = C,
volume = 183,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

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