skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Selective Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from a Wide Range of E-Waste and Process Scalability of Membrane Solvent Extraction

Abstract

In this study, the scalability of the supported membrane solvent extraction (MSX) process for the recovery of rare earth elements (REEs) from scrap permanent magnets was demonstrated by processing larger quantities of different scrap magnet feedstocks with a membrane area of more than 1 m2. We report the MSX process was successfully employed to recover high-purity REEs in their oxide form (REOs) from a wide range of end-of-life magnet feedstocks including hard disk drives (HDDs), MRI, cell phone, bonded, swarf, and hybrid car magnets. REEs with the purity of more than 99.5 wt %, recovery of more than 95%, and an extraction rate of as high as 9.3 g/(h m2) were recovered from feed solutions containing REEs of up to 46 000 mg/L. It was found that the extraction rate strongly depends on the initial REE concentration in the feed solution and to some extent on the composition of the scrap magnet source. The results demonstrated that MSX is a scalable and versatile process for the recovery of REEs from a wide range of electronic wastes.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical Sciences Division
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Energy Efficiency Office. Advanced Manufacturing Office
OSTI Identifier:
1606753
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Environmental Science and Technology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 54; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-936X
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Deshmane, Vishwanath G., Islam, Syed Z., and Bhave, Ramesh R.. Selective Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from a Wide Range of E-Waste and Process Scalability of Membrane Solvent Extraction. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b05695.
Deshmane, Vishwanath G., Islam, Syed Z., & Bhave, Ramesh R.. Selective Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from a Wide Range of E-Waste and Process Scalability of Membrane Solvent Extraction. United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b05695
Deshmane, Vishwanath G., Islam, Syed Z., and Bhave, Ramesh R.. Tue . "Selective Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from a Wide Range of E-Waste and Process Scalability of Membrane Solvent Extraction". United States. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b05695. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1606753.
@article{osti_1606753,
title = {Selective Recovery of Rare Earth Elements from a Wide Range of E-Waste and Process Scalability of Membrane Solvent Extraction},
author = {Deshmane, Vishwanath G. and Islam, Syed Z. and Bhave, Ramesh R.},
abstractNote = {In this study, the scalability of the supported membrane solvent extraction (MSX) process for the recovery of rare earth elements (REEs) from scrap permanent magnets was demonstrated by processing larger quantities of different scrap magnet feedstocks with a membrane area of more than 1 m2. We report the MSX process was successfully employed to recover high-purity REEs in their oxide form (REOs) from a wide range of end-of-life magnet feedstocks including hard disk drives (HDDs), MRI, cell phone, bonded, swarf, and hybrid car magnets. REEs with the purity of more than 99.5 wt %, recovery of more than 95%, and an extraction rate of as high as 9.3 g/(h m2) were recovered from feed solutions containing REEs of up to 46 000 mg/L. It was found that the extraction rate strongly depends on the initial REE concentration in the feed solution and to some extent on the composition of the scrap magnet source. The results demonstrated that MSX is a scalable and versatile process for the recovery of REEs from a wide range of electronic wastes.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.est.9b05695},
journal = {Environmental Science and Technology},
number = 1,
volume = 54,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {12}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share: