skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Trends and source apportionment of aerosols in Europe during 1980-2018

Abstract

Aerosols have significantly affected health, environment, and climate in Europe. Aerosol concentrations have been declining since the 1980s in Europe,mainly owing to a reduction of local aerosol and precursor emissions.Emissions from other source regions of the world, which have been changing rapidly as well, may also perturb the historical and future trends of aerosols and change their radiative impact in Europe. This study examines trends of aerosols in Europe during 1980–2018 and quantifies contributions from 16 source regions using the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 with Explicit Aerosol Source Tagging (CAM5-EAST). The simulated near-surface total mass concentration of sulfate, black carbon, and primary organic carbon had a 62 % decrease during 1980–2018. The majority of which was contributed to reductions of local emissions in Europe, and 8 %–9 % was induced by a decrease in emissions from Russia–Belarus–Ukraine. With the decreases in the fractional contribution of local emissions, aerosols transported from other source regions are increasingly important for air quality in Europe. During 1980–2018, the decrease in sulfate loading led to a warming effect of 2.0 W m–2 in Europe, with 12 % coming from changes in non-European sources, especially from North America and Russia–Belarus–Ukraine. According to the Shared Socioeconomicmore » Pathways (SSP) scenarios, contributions to the sulfate radiative forcing over Europe from both local European emissions and non-European emissions should decrease at a comparable rate in the next 3 decades, suggesting that future changes in non-European emissions are as important as European emissions for causing possible regional climate change associated with aerosols in Europe.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3];  [1];  [1]
  1. Nanjing Univ. of Information Science and Technology, Jiangsu (China)
  2. Nanjing Univ., Jiangsu (China)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23); National Natural Science Foundation of China (NNSFC)
OSTI Identifier:
1606330
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-151829
Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830; 41975159; 2019r047
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Yang, Yang, Lou, Sijia, Wang, Hailong, Wang, Pinya, and Liao, Hong. Trends and source apportionment of aerosols in Europe during 1980-2018. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.5194/acp-20-2579-2020.
Yang, Yang, Lou, Sijia, Wang, Hailong, Wang, Pinya, & Liao, Hong. Trends and source apportionment of aerosols in Europe during 1980-2018. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-2579-2020
Yang, Yang, Lou, Sijia, Wang, Hailong, Wang, Pinya, and Liao, Hong. Mon . "Trends and source apportionment of aerosols in Europe during 1980-2018". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.5194/acp-20-2579-2020. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1606330.
@article{osti_1606330,
title = {Trends and source apportionment of aerosols in Europe during 1980-2018},
author = {Yang, Yang and Lou, Sijia and Wang, Hailong and Wang, Pinya and Liao, Hong},
abstractNote = {Aerosols have significantly affected health, environment, and climate in Europe. Aerosol concentrations have been declining since the 1980s in Europe,mainly owing to a reduction of local aerosol and precursor emissions.Emissions from other source regions of the world, which have been changing rapidly as well, may also perturb the historical and future trends of aerosols and change their radiative impact in Europe. This study examines trends of aerosols in Europe during 1980–2018 and quantifies contributions from 16 source regions using the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 with Explicit Aerosol Source Tagging (CAM5-EAST). The simulated near-surface total mass concentration of sulfate, black carbon, and primary organic carbon had a 62 % decrease during 1980–2018. The majority of which was contributed to reductions of local emissions in Europe, and 8 %–9 % was induced by a decrease in emissions from Russia–Belarus–Ukraine. With the decreases in the fractional contribution of local emissions, aerosols transported from other source regions are increasingly important for air quality in Europe. During 1980–2018, the decrease in sulfate loading led to a warming effect of 2.0 W m–2 in Europe, with 12 % coming from changes in non-European sources, especially from North America and Russia–Belarus–Ukraine. According to the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSP) scenarios, contributions to the sulfate radiative forcing over Europe from both local European emissions and non-European emissions should decrease at a comparable rate in the next 3 decades, suggesting that future changes in non-European emissions are as important as European emissions for causing possible regional climate change associated with aerosols in Europe.},
doi = {10.5194/acp-20-2579-2020},
journal = {Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)},
number = 4,
volume = 20,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

The Community Earth System Model: A Framework for Collaborative Research
journal, September 2013

  • Hurrell, James W.; Holland, M. M.; Gent, P. R.
  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, Vol. 94, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00121.1

Anthropogenic sulfur dioxide emissions: 1850–2005
journal, January 2011

  • Smith, S. J.; van Aardenne, J.; Klimont, Z.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-1101-2011

Sulfur dioxide emissions in Asia in the period 1985–1997
journal, August 2000


Toward a minimal representation of aerosols in climate models: description and evaluation in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5
journal, January 2012

  • Liu, X.; Easter, R. C.; Ghan, S. J.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 5, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-5-709-2012

Historical (1750–2014) anthropogenic emissions of reactive gases and aerosols from the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS)
journal, January 2018

  • Hoesly, Rachel M.; Smith, Steven J.; Feng, Leyang
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 11, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-11-369-2018

Decline of fog, mist and haze in Europe over the past 30 years
journal, January 2009

  • Vautard, Robert; Yiou, Pascal; van Oldenborgh, Geert Jan
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 2, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo414

Reassessment of the lethal London fog of 1952: novel indicators of acute and chronic consequences of acute exposure to air pollution.
journal, June 2001

  • Bell, M. L.; Davis, D. L.
  • Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 109, Issue suppl 3
  • DOI: 10.1289/ehp.01109s3389

India Is Overtaking China as the World’s Largest Emitter of Anthropogenic Sulfur Dioxide
journal, November 2017


Contributions of local and regional sources to fine PM in the megacity of Paris
journal, January 2014

  • Skyllakou, K.; Murphy, B. N.; Megaritis, A. G.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-2343-2014

Source attribution of black carbon and its direct radiative forcing in China
journal, January 2017

  • Yang, Yang; Wang, Hailong; Smith, Steven J.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-4319-2017

The effects of intercontinental emission sources on European air pollution levels
journal, January 2018

  • Jonson, Jan Eiof; Schulz, Michael; Emmons, Louisa
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 18, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-18-13655-2018

The Scenario Model Intercomparison Project (ScenarioMIP) for CMIP6
journal, January 2016

  • O'Neill, Brian C.; Tebaldi, Claudia; van Vuuren, Detlef P.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 9, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-9-3461-2016

Contribution of ship emissions to the concentration and deposition of air pollutants in Europe
journal, January 2016

  • Aksoyoglu, Sebnem; Baltensperger, Urs; Prévôt, André S. H.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-1895-2016

Global source attribution of sulfate concentration and direct and indirect radiative forcing
journal, January 2017

  • Yang, Yang; Wang, Hailong; Smith, Steven J.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-8903-2017

Trend analysis in aerosol optical depths and pollutant emission estimates between 2000 and 2009
journal, May 2012


Global and regional radiative forcing from 20 % reductions in BC, OC and SO 4 – an HTAP2 multi-model study
journal, January 2016

  • Stjern, Camilla Weum; Samset, Bjørn Hallvard; Myhre, Gunnar
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-13579-2016

Global dimming and brightening: A review
journal, January 2009


Source-sector contributions to European ozone and fine PM in 2010 using AQMEII modeling data
journal, January 2017

  • Karamchandani, Prakash; Long, Yoann; Pirovano, Guido
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 17, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-17-5643-2017

Historic global biomass burning emissions for CMIP6 (BB4CMIP) based on merging satellite observations with proxies and fire models (1750–2015)
journal, January 2017

  • van Marle, Margreet J. E.; Kloster, Silvia; Magi, Brian I.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 10, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-10-3329-2017

The Clean Air Act after 50 years
journal, November 2006


Sensitivity of remote aerosol distributions to representation of cloud–aerosol interactions in a global climate model
journal, January 2013

  • Wang, H.; Easter, R. C.; Rasch, P. J.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-6-765-2013

Divergent global-scale temperature effects from identical aerosols emitted in different regions
journal, August 2018


Recent intensification of winter haze in China linked to foreign emissions and meteorology
journal, February 2018


Effects of fossil fuel and total anthropogenic emission removal on public health and climate
journal, March 2019

  • Lelieveld, J.; Klingmüller, K.; Pozzer, A.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 116, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1819989116

Comparison of Source Apportionment and Sensitivity Analysis in a Particulate Matter Air Quality Model
journal, September 2009

  • Koo, Bonyoung; Wilson, Gary M.; Morris, Ralph E.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 43, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/es9008129

The Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA-2)
journal, July 2017


Effect of the Standard Nomenclature for Air Pollution (SNAP) Categories on Air Quality over Europe
journal, July 2015

  • Tagaris, Efthimios; Sotiropoulou, Rafaella; Gounaris, Nikos
  • Atmosphere, Vol. 6, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.3390/atmos6081119

Source Apportionments of Aerosols and Their Direct Radiative Forcing and Long-Term Trends Over Continental United States
journal, June 2018

  • Yang, Yang; Wang, Hailong; Smith, Steven J.
  • Earth's Future, Vol. 6, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018EF000859

Transboundary health impacts of transported global air pollution and international trade
journal, March 2017


The Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and their energy, land use, and greenhouse gas emissions implications: An overview
journal, January 2017


Have aerosols affected trends in visibility and precipitation in Europe?
journal, January 2011

  • Stjern, Camilla W.; Stohl, Andreas; Kristjánsson, Jón Egill
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue D2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JD014603

Amplification of Arctic warming by past air pollution reductions in Europe
journal, March 2016

  • Acosta Navarro, J. C.; Varma, V.; Riipinen, I.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 9, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2673

Introduction to the European Monitoring and Evaluation Programme (EMEP) and observed atmospheric composition change during 1972–2009
journal, January 2012


Impact of biogenic emissions on air quality over Europe and North America
journal, June 2012


Impact of Anthropogenic Emission Injection Height Uncertainty on Global Sulfur Dioxide and Aerosol Distribution
journal, April 2019

  • Yang, Yang; Smith, Steven J.; Wang, Hailong
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 124, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018JD030001