skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Infrasound and Gravity Waves Over the Andes Observed by a Pressure Sensor on Board a Stratospheric Balloon

Abstract

The study of infrasound (acoustic) and gravity waves sources and propagation in the atmosphere of a planet gives us precious insight on atmosphere dynamics, climate, and even internal structure. The implementation of modern pressure sensors with high rate sampling on stratospheric balloons is improving their study. In our work we analyzed the data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ultra Long Duration Balloon mission (16 May to 30 June 2016). Here, we focus on the balloon's transit of the Andes Mountains. We detected gravity waves that are associated to troposphere convective activity and mountain waves. An increase of the horizontal wavelengths from 50 to 70 km with increasing distance to the mountains is favoring the presence of mountain waves. We also report on the detection of infrasounds generated by the mountains in the 0.01–0.1 Hz range with a pressure amplitude increase by a factor 2 relative background signal. Besides, we characterized the decrease of microbaroms power when the balloon was flying away from the ocean coast. These observations suggest, in a way similar to microseisms for seismometers, that microbaroms are the main background noise sources recorded in the stratosphere even far from the ocean sources. Finally, we observed amore » broadband signal above the Andes, between 0.45 and 2 Hz, probably associated with a thunderstorm. The diversity of geophysical phenomena captured in less than a day of observation stresses the interest of high rate pressure sensors on board long-duration balloon missions.« less

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Toulouse Univ. (France)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA); French DoD; Région Occitanie; The National Centre for Space Studies (CNES)
OSTI Identifier:
1605726
Report Number(s):
SAND-2020-2463J
Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X; 684308
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 125; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2169-897X
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; stratospheric balloon; pressure sensor; mountain gravity waves; microbaroms; thunderstorm

Citation Formats

Poler, Guerman, Garcia, Raphaël F., Bowman, Daniel C., and Martire, Léo. Infrasound and Gravity Waves Over the Andes Observed by a Pressure Sensor on Board a Stratospheric Balloon. United States: N. p., 2020. Web. doi:10.1029/2019JD031565.
Poler, Guerman, Garcia, Raphaël F., Bowman, Daniel C., & Martire, Léo. Infrasound and Gravity Waves Over the Andes Observed by a Pressure Sensor on Board a Stratospheric Balloon. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD031565
Poler, Guerman, Garcia, Raphaël F., Bowman, Daniel C., and Martire, Léo. Tue . "Infrasound and Gravity Waves Over the Andes Observed by a Pressure Sensor on Board a Stratospheric Balloon". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JD031565. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1605726.
@article{osti_1605726,
title = {Infrasound and Gravity Waves Over the Andes Observed by a Pressure Sensor on Board a Stratospheric Balloon},
author = {Poler, Guerman and Garcia, Raphaël F. and Bowman, Daniel C. and Martire, Léo},
abstractNote = {The study of infrasound (acoustic) and gravity waves sources and propagation in the atmosphere of a planet gives us precious insight on atmosphere dynamics, climate, and even internal structure. The implementation of modern pressure sensors with high rate sampling on stratospheric balloons is improving their study. In our work we analyzed the data from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Ultra Long Duration Balloon mission (16 May to 30 June 2016). Here, we focus on the balloon's transit of the Andes Mountains. We detected gravity waves that are associated to troposphere convective activity and mountain waves. An increase of the horizontal wavelengths from 50 to 70 km with increasing distance to the mountains is favoring the presence of mountain waves. We also report on the detection of infrasounds generated by the mountains in the 0.01–0.1 Hz range with a pressure amplitude increase by a factor 2 relative background signal. Besides, we characterized the decrease of microbaroms power when the balloon was flying away from the ocean coast. These observations suggest, in a way similar to microseisms for seismometers, that microbaroms are the main background noise sources recorded in the stratosphere even far from the ocean sources. Finally, we observed a broadband signal above the Andes, between 0.45 and 2 Hz, probably associated with a thunderstorm. The diversity of geophysical phenomena captured in less than a day of observation stresses the interest of high rate pressure sensors on board long-duration balloon missions.},
doi = {10.1029/2019JD031565},
journal = {Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres},
number = 6,
volume = 125,
place = {United States},
year = {2020},
month = {3}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Explaining global patterns of microbarom observations with wave action models
journal, September 2014

  • Landès, Matthieu; Le Pichon, Alexis; Shapiro, Nikolai M.
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 199, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggu324

Detecting Lightning Infrasound Using a High‐Altitude Balloon
journal, July 2018

  • Lamb, Oliver D.; Lees, Jonathan M.; Bowman, Daniel C.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 45, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018GL078401

A Possible Source Mechanism for Mountain-Associated Infrasound
journal, May 1977


Horizontal propagation of large‐amplitude mountain waves into the polar night jet
journal, February 2017

  • Ehard, Benedikt; Kaifler, Bernd; Dörnbrack, Andreas
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 122, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2016JD025621

Explosion‐Generated Infrasound Recorded on Ground and Airborne Microbarometers at Regional Distances
journal, May 2018

  • Young, E. F.; Bowman, D. C.; Lees, J. M.
  • Seismological Research Letters, Vol. 89, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1785/0220180038

AIRS/AMSU/HSB on the aqua mission: design, science objectives, data products, and processing systems
journal, February 2003

  • Aumann, H. H.; Chahine, M. T.; Gautier, C.
  • IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 41, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2002.808356

Numerical Simulation of the Atmospheric Signature of Artificial and Natural Seismic Events
journal, November 2018

  • Martire, Léo; Brissaud, Quentin; Lai, Voon Hui
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 45, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018GL080485

Detecting atmospheric perturbations produced by Venus quakes
journal, January 2005


Retrieval of stratospheric temperatures from Atmospheric Infrared Sounder radiance measurements for gravity wave studies
journal, January 2009

  • Hoffmann, L.; Alexander, M. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, Issue D7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JD011241

Detection of gravity waves across the USArray: A case study
journal, September 2014

  • de Groot-Hedlin, Catherine D.; Hedlin, Michael A. H.; Walker, Kristoffer T.
  • Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 402
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2013.06.042

Balloon borne infrasound platforms: Low noise, high yield
journal, May 2017

  • Lees, Jonathan M.; Bowman, Daniel C.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 141, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.4989354

Observations and simulations of a large-amplitude mountain wave breaking over the Antarctic Peninsula
journal, January 2008

  • Plougonven, R.; Hertzog, A.; Teitelbaum, H.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 113, Issue D16
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JD009739

Bidirectional infrasonic ducts associated with sudden stratospheric warming events
journal, February 2014

  • Assink, J. D.; Waxler, R.; Smets, P.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 119, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2013JD021062

The response of superpressure balloons to gravity wave motions
journal, January 2014


Oscillation of high-altitude balloons
journal, September 1991

  • Anderson, William J.; Taback, Israel
  • Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 28, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.2514/3.46071

Stratospheric gravity waves at Southern Hemisphere orographic hotspots: 2003–2014 AIRS/Aqua observations
journal, January 2016

  • Hoffmann, Lars; Grimsdell, Alison W.; Alexander, M. Joan
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-9381-2016

A global view of stratospheric gravity wave hotspots located with Atmospheric Infrared Sounder observations: HOTSPOTS OF STRATOSPHERIC GRAVITY WAVES
journal, January 2013

  • Hoffmann, L.; Xue, X.; Alexander, M. J.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 118, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JD018658

In situ observations of gravity waves and comparisons with numerical simulations during the SOLVE/THESEO 2000 campaign
journal, January 2002


Correlation of Winds and Geographic Features with Production of Certain Infrasonic Signals in the Atmosphere
journal, December 1971


Atmospheric absorption in the atmosphere up to 160 km
journal, March 2004

  • Sutherland, Louis C.; Bass, Henry E.
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 115, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.1631937

Infrasound in the middle stratosphere measured with a free-flying acoustic array: STRATOSPHERIC INFRASOUND
journal, November 2015

  • Bowman, Daniel C.; Lees, Jonathan M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL066570

Modeling of atmospheric-coupled Rayleigh waves on planets with atmosphere: From Earth observation to Mars and Venus perspectives
journal, August 2016

  • Lognonné, Philippe; Karakostas, Foivos; Rolland, Lucie
  • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 140, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1121/1.4960788

Implementation, Characterization, and Evaluation of an Inexpensive Low-Power Low-Noise Infrasound Sensor Based on a Micromachined Differential Pressure Transducer and a Mechanical Filter
journal, September 2012

  • Marcillo, Omar; Johnson, Jeffrey B.; Hart, Darren
  • Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 29, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-11-00101.1

Relationships Between Gravity Waves Observed at Earth's Surface and in the Stratosphere Over the Central and Eastern United States: Gravity waves observed by TA and AIRS
journal, November 2017

  • de Groot-Hedlin, Catherine D.; Hedlin, Michael A. H.; Hoffmann, Lars
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 122, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1002/2017JD027159

Orographic Primary and Secondary Gravity Waves in the Middle Atmosphere From 16‐Year SABER Observations
journal, April 2019

  • Liu, Xiao; Xu, Jiyao; Yue, Jia
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 46, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1029/2019GL082256

Gravity wave dynamics and effects in the middle atmosphere
journal, January 2003


Internal Atmospheric Gravity Waves at Ionospheric Heights
journal, November 1960

  • Hines, C. O.
  • Canadian Journal of Physics, Vol. 38, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1139/p60-150

Around the World in 84 Days
journal, March 2018


Acoustic event location and background noise characterization on a free flying infrasound sensor network in the stratosphere
journal, February 2018

  • Bowman, Daniel C.; Albert, Sarah A.
  • Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 213, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1093/gji/ggy069

On a Possible Generation Mechanism for Nonstationary Mountain Waves in the Atmosphere
journal, August 1994


Infrasound Originating Near Mountainous Regions in Colorado
journal, July 1978


Direct measurement of the acoustic wave field in the stratosphere
conference, March 2016


Quasi-Lagrangian measurements of density surface fluctuations and power spectra in the stratosphere
journal, January 1987

  • Quinn, Elizabeth P.; Holzworth, Robert H.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 92, Issue D9
  • DOI: 10.1029/JD092iD09p10926

Upper Atmosphere Heating From Ocean-Generated Acoustic Wave Energy
journal, May 2018

  • Bowman, D. C.; Lees, J. M.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 45, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1029/2018GL077737

A Theory of the Origin of Microseisms
journal, September 1950

  • Longuet-Higgins, M. S.
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 243, Issue 857
  • DOI: 10.1098/rsta.1950.0012

Determination of Venus Winds by Ground-Based Radio Tracking of the VEGA Balloons
journal, March 1986